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Language, Twitter and Academic Conferences

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To what extent do people tweet in other languages beyond English?

How do lingua groups interact with each other?

Is there an effect of language over online user interaction?

Published in: Science
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Language, Twitter and Academic Conferences

  1. 1. Language, Twitter and Academic Conferences Ruth García, Diego Gómez, Denis Parra, Christoph Trattner, Andreas Kaltenbrunner, Eduardo Graells-Garrido Eurecat, PUC Chile, NTNU, Telefónica I+D ACM Hypertext, 2015 Northern Cyprus
  2. 2. English is the lingua franca in International Academic Conferences but …
  3. 3. • Attendees have different cultural backgrounds and languages: – How to assess communication and integration? – Overview culture of audiences?
  4. 4. Twitter: a backchannel platform • It targets community’s communication and participation: – note taking – sharing resources – dissemination of work – real-time reactions to events – conference and social activity • Hashtags are used identify conferences.
  5. 5. #hypertext2015
  6. 6. Dataset 26 computer and information science conferences from the CORE Conference Ranking list active in Twitter (2009 – 2013) Initial users 19,943* Tweets 6,993,693 Modeled Users 18,347 Tweets with language 6,199,228* Lingua groups 18,347 *errata from paper Garcia et al. Language is detected using n-grams after removing URLs and mentions. A profile is considered to use a language if at least five tweets use it (NOT including RTs). If a user is multi-lingual, we consider at most his/her most common three languages.
  7. 7. Conferences in the dataset (font size => number of users ([71, 5081]). Grey - near the average english presence (79%). Red - over the average (max: 93%) Blue - below the average (min: 59%)
  8. 8. Research Questions 1. To what extent do people tweet in other languages beyond English? 2. How do lingua groups interact with each other? 3. Is there an effect of language over online user interaction?
  9. 9. 1. To what extent do people tweet in other languages beyond English? 2. How do lingua groups interact with each other? 3. Is there an effect of language over online user interaction?
  10. 10. Top 3 Lingua groups Lingua Users Tweets Tweets/user IQR en 61.31% 31.56% 167.18 142.00 en-fr 6.46% 3.85% 193.88 164.75 en-es 3.79% 2.52% 216.14 191.00 Others 24% English Lingua 32% Most of the English tweets comes from lingua groups different than “only English speakers” RQ1 Languages Users of multilingual groups are the most engaged * Complete table in paper Garcia et al.
  11. 11. 1. To what extent do people tweet in other languages beyond English? 2. How do lingua groups interact with each other? 3. Is there an effect of language over online user interaction?
  12. 12. RQ2 Interactions Retweets (no necessarily reciprocated) English lingua receives most of the attention from other language communities in mentions and retweets. Some lingua groups mention their members more : en, en-fr, en-ja, en- es-pt
  13. 13. 1. To what extent do people tweet in other languages beyond English? 2. How do lingua groups interact with each other? 3. Is there an effect of language over online user interaction?
  14. 14. RQ3 Effect Keeping all the other factors fixed, for each additional language the user speaks the odds ratio of interacting in the network increases by 95% (e0.666 = 1.95) Variable β coeff. S.E year(=2009) 2.05*** (0.390) year(=2010) 2.46*** (0.385) year(=2011) 2.45*** (0.385) year(=2012) 2.29*** (0.383) year(=2013) 2.42*** (0.383) Number of languages 0.67*** (0.035) Constant -1.371*** (0.385) Observations 26,281 Note: *p<0.1; ** p<0.05; *** p<0.01 Logistic Regression : D.V: user interacted (yes/no) I.V: conference year and languages spoken (1, 2 or 3)
  15. 15. Summary • English monolinguals receive most of the attention • There is a potential homophily in lingua groups in terms of interaction • People who do not interact with others are mostly monolinguals, because the number of languages linked to interactions
  16. 16. Future work • Recommend people to connect with at the conference, especially for newcomers. • Does the venue of the conference (city, country) have an impact on the languages used?
  17. 17. Thank you QUESTIONS? This talk: @carnby Corresponding author: @ruthygarcia ruth.garcia@oii.ox.ac.uk Thank you QUESTIONS?

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