The Human Group

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The Human Group

  1. 1. THE HUMAN GROUP
  2. 2. Sociability is part of the human condition… Man is...born into a group,grows up in a group socializes with a  group, learns many things in a  group.  And will  die  in  a  group. For the  last  time, his own group will follow him to pay their  last  homage to him.
  3. 3. What is a group: <ul><li>Composed of two or more persons interacting with each other, guided by set of norms…. </li></ul><ul><li>consistent, coordinated action toward the achievement of some common objectives is what’s important </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Specified number of individuals where each recognizes members from non-members </li></ul>
  5. 5. Some meanings implied in the term group: <ul><li>Social category ( emphasis on sharing of traits ) </li></ul><ul><li>A group life emphasizing common presence and minimum awareness of other </li></ul><ul><li>Social group which essence lie in common association, awareness of others , socially shared goals </li></ul>
  6. 6. Social group is not synonymous to : <ul><li>A category </li></ul><ul><li>A crowd / an aggregate </li></ul>
  7. 7. Primary vs. Secondary Group <ul><li>A small social group whose members share personal and enduring relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Personal and tightly integrated </li></ul><ul><li>Among the first groups we experience in life </li></ul><ul><li>A large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity </li></ul><ul><li>A secondary relationship involving weak emotional ties and little personal knowledge of one another </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Shows personal orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Shows goal orientation </li></ul>
  9. 9. In-group vs. Out-group <ul><li>A social group commanding member’s esteem and loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>“ we “ </li></ul><ul><li>A social group toward which one feels competition or opposition </li></ul><ul><li>“ they” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Formal vs. Informal <ul><li>Goals objectives are explicitly labeled </li></ul><ul><li>Roles and statuses are specifically defined </li></ul><ul><li>Norms and behaviour are formalized into policies </li></ul><ul><li>Often governed by constitution and by-laws </li></ul><ul><li>Arises spontaneously out of the interaction two of or more persons </li></ul><ul><li>Unplanned, no specific goals, no rules for membership </li></ul><ul><li>Posses characteristics of a primary group </li></ul>

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