Polsci 101

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Polsci 101

  1. 1. The Study of Political Science
  2. 2. What is Political Science <ul><li>Etymology: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Political” comes from the Greek word “polis” (city; sovereign state) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Science” comes from Latin word “scire” ( to know ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In simple terms: </li></ul><ul><li>- Political Science is the systematic study of the state and government </li></ul>
  4. 4. Further… <ul><li>As a science of politics…deals with basic knowledge and understanding of the state, and the principles and ideals underlying its organization and activities. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s concerned with the association of human being into the body politic </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>It deals with the relations among men and groups, relations of men and groups to the state itself, and relations of the state to other states </li></ul>
  6. 6. Scope of Political Science <ul><li>Political theory </li></ul><ul><li>Public law: </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional law </li></ul><ul><li>Admin law </li></ul><ul><li>International law </li></ul><ul><li>Public Administration </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why should a student study political science? <ul><li>Goal: </li></ul><ul><li>Education for citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Essential parts of liberal education </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and understanding of government </li></ul>
  8. 8. Concepts of State and Government
  9. 9. What is a State <ul><li>It is a community of persons (1) more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory (2), having a government (3) of their own to which the great body of inhabitants render obedience, and enjoying freedom from external control (4 ). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Origin of States <ul><li>Divine right theory – state as a divine creation and the ruler is ordained by God. </li></ul><ul><li>Necessity or force theory- great warriors imposing will upon the weak </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Paternalistic theory- enlargement of a family which remained under the authority of the father and mother </li></ul><ul><li>Social contract theory- voluntary compact among the people to form a society and organize government for the common good </li></ul>
  12. 12. State vs. Nation <ul><li>political vs. ethnic concept </li></ul><ul><li>Independence vs. lack thereof </li></ul><ul><li>State consisting of more than one nation and vice-versa </li></ul>
  13. 13. State vs. Government <ul><li>Government is only an agent of the state </li></ul><ul><li>State cannot exist without government </li></ul><ul><li>Government may change but the State remains the same </li></ul>
  14. 14. Why must there be government? <ul><li>Purpose and necessity of government: </li></ul><ul><li>Advancement of public welfare-protection and security of people; preservation of the state </li></ul><ul><li>Consequence of absence- anarchy </li></ul>
  15. 15. Forms of Government <ul><li>As to number of persons exercising sovereign powers: </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>-absolute </li></ul><ul><li>-limted </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>-direct </li></ul><ul><li>-indirect </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>As to the extent of powers exercised by central or national government: </li></ul><ul><li>Unitary </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>As to the relationship between executive and legislative branches of government: </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentary </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential </li></ul>

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