Executive Branch- Art VII *See Article VII of the Philippine Constitution for a more comprehensive discussion. -That which executes the law -Headed by the President -Vice-President -Department Heads -Local Executives- mayors• Powers of the President > Appointive (appoint cabinet members and other appointive officers; power shared with congress) > Approval ( of law ) > Control ( overseeing capacity of the president over all executive officers ) > Commander in Chief of AFP > Suspension of Writ of Habeas Corpus > Grant amnesty ( concurrent with congress) and pardon > Guarantee foreign loans > Veto ( disapproval of bill passed by congress ) > Deportation• What the Executive Officers Cannot Do -Hold other office or employment during their tenure -Cannot divest shareholdings or interests to spouse or relatives -Cannot appoint spouse or relatives to positions -Cannot make appointments two months before next elections• Who May Be President? -Natural – born citizen -Registered voter -Able to read and write -At least 40 years old -Resident of the Philippines ( at least 10 consecutive years )• Who May Be Vice-President? -Same as president -Can be appointed as cabinet member -Will succeed president if latter dies or disqualifies PLEASE ANSWER THE PROBLEM BELOW:
Miriam Madrigal, on the day of her conviction for a crime of murder is on her third trimester of pregnancy. She appealed her case to the president and asked for pardon. The President granted reprieve. Congress questioned saying, the president cannot on his own decide to extend reprieve. Congress has a say in the matter too. Is Congress correct? Explain your answer satisfactorily.Judicial Branch- Art VIIIWhat is Judicial Power? - The power to interpret the laws of the land in cases of disputes • Headed by the Supreme Court • Court of Appeals • RTCs & MTCs • DOJ • Sandiganbayan • Katarungang PambarangayPowers of the Supreme Court -Exercise original jurisdiction over cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls -Review, revise,reverse, modify or affirm on appeal decisions of lower courts -Temporarily assign judges in the lower court -Order change of venue for trial -Appoint officials or employees of the Judiciary -Supervise all courts and their personnel -To be sole judge of all contests relating to the election, returns, and qualifications of President or V-president -Review factual basis of proclamation of martial Law or suspension of writ of habeas corpusThe Independence of the Judiciary The constitution ensures independence of the Judiciary and the swift resolutionof legal cases in the following ways: - Courts have the duty to settle actual controversies and cannot dismiss them on the ground that they involve political questions
- The members of the Supreme Court and the judges of the lower courts hold office during good behaviour or until they reach retirement age- The salaries of the members of the Supreme Court and judges of the lower courts are fixed by law and cannot be decreased- A judge must be a person of good character, integrity, and independence- Courts must decide cases within certain deadlines- An independent judicial and bar council shall recommend appointments to the judiciaryANSWER THE QUESTION BELOW: Since the president approves appointment to the judiciary, he/she also can fire theSupreme Court Justice. Do you agree or not? Explain your stand.