• Celtic Tiger and Entrepreneurial Planning
• The Response to the Crisis – NAMA
• Spatial Planning at the Crossroads
• Alternative Future’s for Ireland’s Urban Development
• The Living Cities Initiatives
• Community Responses
• The Economic Viability of Temporary Uses
• Towards More Adaptive and Resilient Spatial Planning
During the 1990s the so called ‘Celtic Tiger’ Irish
economy grew at an average annual rate of
7.5%, more than three times the European
average at the time (Murphy, 2000).
Irish Planning became
increasingly infused with the
ethos of entrepreneurialism ;
A new focus on Ireland’s cities brought about a wave of market led
regeneration efforts, encouraged by an availability of cheap credit,
tax incentives and a climate which encouraged the creation of
numerous public private partnerships (PPP’s).
The Irish economic model as ‘predicated on
constant growth to function’ and this focus spilled
over into planning practice.
While Ireland’s recession mirrors what is going on
in most European states and further afield, the
particular causes of the Irish economic crisis were
decidedly local in origin as the Irish economy had
become unsustainably dependent on the
construction industry (and house building
Indeed it has been argued that the goal of
Ireland’s loose regulatory system was to
‘encourage the market rather than restrain it’
(Kirby, 2009: 9).
Housing unit completions per 1000 population for Europe in
“obtain so far as possible the best achievable
financial return for the State having regard to
the amount paid, plus whatever additional
working or development capital costs for the
acquired bank assets.”
(Section 10 of the NAMA Act 2009)
Towards More Adaptive
and Resilient Spatial
Towards more adaptive and resilient spatial
The scale of the current global economic crisis has undermined and
raised questions about some of the core assumptions that
dominated urban policy thinking in many global cities in the 1990s
and 2000s (Raco, 2011).
“As well as a catastrophic failure in Ireland’s banking and financial
regulatory system, there has been a catastrophic failure of the
planning system” (NIRSA, 2010: 2)
‘Is this the end of spatial planning in Ireland?’ (Kitchin, 2013)
Seeking to Recover rather than Reform?
Thus far, the Irish response to the
crisis—like that of many other
nations—has been described as
reacting rather than acting.
It is critical that current
circumstances do not combine to
promote a tendency to short
termism and a predomination of
non strategic thinking and action.
Strategic Spatial Planning is
crucial in moving forward