Client Side Hypervisors - Victoria Russell

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  • Hello. My name is Victoria Russell and this presentation is a brief overview about client-side hypervisors.
  • A hypervisor is a hardware virtualization technique that operates on top of a single host computer. It allows users to run several additional operating systems, which are referred to as guest operating systems on the host machine.
  • Client-side hypervisors encapsulate all software of a desktop -- OS, applications and data -- into a virtual machine, and allow it to be run locally on any computer, be it Mac, Windows or Linux.
  • IBM’s mainframe CP-40 became the first operating system that implemented complete virtualization.It began production use in January 1967 and ran multiple instances of client operating systems – particularly CMS, the Cambridge Monitor System, built as part of the same effort.
  • Hypervisors have been operating as a Server side solution.Client-Side Hypervisors have only recently began making it into mainstream. Security and Quality of Service has been sited as two obstacles to client side hypervisors.
  • Client hypervisors can be classified as Type 1 hypervisor and Type 2 hypervisor.
  • Type-1 hypervisor or bare-metal hypervisor run directly on top of a computer's host hardware. Type 1 hypervisors become the computer's master control program. These traditional virtual machine monitors (VMMs) create a separate subdivision (virtual machine) for each guest operating system.
  • Type 2 hypervisors doesn't run directly on the host hardware but instead runs on a typical operating system that's installed on the host hardware. It uses the operating system already installed in the computer and create a runtime environment for the guest operating system.
  • Well known client-side hypervisors products include:Citrix XenClientMicrosoft Client Hyper-VVMware WorkstationParallels Desktop 8 for Mac
  • Citrix XenClient is a true Type-1 client hypervisor that lets users run multiple local virtual desktops simultaneously, side-by-side and in complete isolation. It is designed for enterprises and is available either standalone or through XenDesktop Enterprise and Platinum editions.
  • XenClient is available in three different editions: XenClient Enterprise, XenClient Express, and XenClient XT.XenClient Enterprise is a desktop virtualization product composed of a client hypervisor, the XenClient Enterprise Engine, and a management server, the XenClient Enterprise Synchronizer. It includes features such as image management, patching and updating, backup and recovery, security and policy management, and PC migration. XenClient Express is the free edition of XenClient Enterprise which provides access to the XenClient Engine and a license to use the XenClient Synchronizer for up to 10 devices. It is designed for IT professionals, consultants, and small businesses.XenClient XT has a special, hardened version of the XenClient Engine client hypervisor and hardware-assisted features for a high level of security. It is designed for the public sector and other industries with extreme security requirements.
  • The XenClient solution is comprised of two technologies – XenClientEngine and the XenClient Synchronizer.XenClient Engine includes the client hypervisor and any virtual machines managed by the hypervisor. The XenClient Synchronizer is the management server which manages multiple XenClient Engines. Users of XenClient Engine can download images from the XenClient Synchronizer and run them locally on their laptops or PCs.
  • Client Hyper-V is a Type-1 hypervisor.Client Hyper-V is the virtualization technology built into Windows 8 previously available only in Windows Server. A similar functionality in Windows 7 is called Windows XP Mode. Client Hyper-V enables you to run more than one 32-bit or 64-bit x86 operating system at the same time on the same host computer. But instead of working directly with the computer’s hardware, the operating systems run inside a virtual machine (VM).
  • Hyper-V supports the creation of both 32-bit and 64-bit operating systems in virtual machines. You must license each of the virtual machine operating systems according to their requirements.
  • VMWare Workstation is a Type-2 hypervisor which takes advantage of the latest hardware to replicate server and desktop environments. It can create virtual machines with up to 8 virtual processors or 8 virtual cores, 2 TB virtual disks and up to 64 GB of memory per virtual machine to run the most demanding applications.
  • VMWare Workstation runs applications on multiple operating systems including Linux, Windows and more at the same time on the same PC without rebooting. It can also support the creation of 32-bit and 64-bit virtual machines.
  • Parallels Desktop for Mac is a Type-2 hypervisor which can run both Windows and Mac OS X applications side-by-side with speed, control and confidence. Drag and drop files between Windows and Mac applications and launch Windows applications from your Mac dock.
  • You can remotely access your Windows and Mac programs from your iPad or iPhone with Parallels Mobile app. Parallels Mobile enables customers worldwide to seamlessly connect from their iPad or iPhone to the Windows applications available on their Mac. Parallels Mobile can start and stop Windows, so there is no need to keep Windows running.
  • Client Side Hypervisors - Victoria Russell

    1. 1. Victoria Russell ISM 3013-386076 6/28/2013
    2. 2. What is a Hypervisor? A hypervisor is a hardware virtualization technique that operates on top of a single host computer. CLIENT-SIDE HYPERVISORS
    3. 3. Client-side hypervisors encapsulate all software of a desktop into a virtual machine and allow it to be run locally on any computer. CLIENT-SIDE HYPERVISORS
    4. 4. This desktop virtualization technology also runs different versions of operating systems on the same machine. CLIENT-SIDE HYPERVISORS Taken from http://www.kongtechnology.com
    5. 5. HYPERVISOR’S MAINFRAME BEGININGS • IBM’s CP-40 became the first operating system that implemented complete virtualization. • It began production use in January 1967
    6. 6. CLIENT-SIDE HYPERVISORS • Hypervisors have been operating as a Server side solution for many years. • Client-Side Hypervisors have only recently began making it into mainstream.
    7. 7. CLIENT-SIDE HYPERVISORS Client-side hypervisors can be classified as: • Type 1 Hypervisor • Type 2 Hypervisor
    8. 8. Type 1 hypervisors run directly on top of a computer’s hardware and become the computer's master control program. CLIENT-SIDE HYPERVISORS
    9. 9. Type 2 hypervisors use the operating system already installed in the computer and create a runtime environment for the guest operating system. CLIENT-SIDE HYPERVISORS
    10. 10. CLIENT-SIDE HYPERVISORS Popular Client-Side Hypervisors Products Include: • Citrix XenClient • Microsoft Client Hyper-V • VMware Workstation • Parallels Desktop 8 for Mac
    11. 11. CITRIX XENCLIENT
    12. 12. CITRIX XENCLIENT XenClient is available in three different editions: • XenClient Enterprise • XenClient Express • XenClient XT.
    13. 13. HOW CITRIX XENCLIENT WORKS
    14. 14. CITRIX XENCLIENT Guest OS supported include: • Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8 • Ubuntu 10.04, 12.10 • CentOS 4, 5 • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4, 5, 6 • SUSE Linux Server 9, 10, 11 • Oracle Enterprise Linux • Debian Lenny and Squeeze
    15. 15. MICROSOFT CLIENT HYPER-V
    16. 16. MICROSOFT CLIENT HYPER-V Guest OS supported includes: • Windows Server 2000 – 2008 R2 • Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8 • Linux (only including SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 with SP3 or version 11) • Red Hat Enterprise Linux versions 5.2-6.1 • CentOS 5.2-6.2
    17. 17. VMWARE WORKSTATION
    18. 18. VMWARE WORKSTATION
    19. 19. VMWARE WORKSTATION Guest OS supported include: • Windows XP, Vista, 7 • Ubuntu • Linux • Debian • CentOS • Novell NetWare • FreeBSD • Sun Solaris
    20. 20. PARALLELS DESKTOP 8 FOR MAC
    21. 21. PARALLELS MOBILE APP “Yep! There’s an App for that!” You can remotely access your Windows and Mac programs from your iPad or iPhone with our Parallels Mobile app.
    22. 22. Guest OS supported include: • Windows 3.11, 95, 98, XP, Vista, 7 • Ubuntu • Linux • Debian • CentOS • Red Hat Enterprise • Sun Solaris • Mac OS X Leopard Server 10.5.x • Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server 10.6.x • FreeBSD • Android OS • Chrome OS • Mandriva 2011, 2010 • Fedora 17, 16, 15 PARALLELS DESKTOP 8 FOR MAC
    23. 23. FUTURE OUTLOOK Some determining factors about the future of client side hypervisors include: • The need for centralized desktop virtualization • The increase in Cloud computing • Virtualization that is hardware agnostic and independent of device and end-point
    24. 24. With these and other factors in mind, client side hypervisors continues to emerge as a viable solution for the future. FUTURE OUTLOOK (CONT’D) Taken from http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/222592
    25. 25. REFERENCES • Citrix XenClient Overview. Retrieved from http://www.citrix.com/products/xenclient/overview.html • Encyclopedia: Definition Of Client-side Hypervisor. Retrieved from http://www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia/term/63792/client-side- hypervisor • Padmanabhan, Purnima. Client-side Hypervisors. Network World. Retrieved from http://www.networkworld.com/community/techdebate-virtual- desktops-client-server-hypervisors • Parallels Desktop for Mac. Retrieved from http://www.parallels.com/products/desktop/
    26. 26. REFERENCES (CONT’D) • Run Windows on Mac Windows and Mac side-by-side with Parallels Desktop® 8 for Mac. Retrieved from http://www.parallels.com/landingpage/dskd87/special- offer/?utm_nooverride=1&gclid=CP7Z0KG3iLgCFWFp7Aod5x0A3w • Search Virtual Desktop. Client Hypervisor Guide (2008-2013). Tech Target. Retrieved from http://searchvirtualdesktop.techtarget.com/guides/Client- Hypervisor-Guide#guideCategory4 • Using Windows 8 Client Hyper-V. Retrieved from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=36188 • What Is Hypervisor Definition And Benefits. Retrieved from http://www.virtualizationsoftwares.com/what-is-hypervisor/ • Wikipedia. Hypervisor. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypervisor

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