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AUTHORIES AND INSTITUTIONS UNDER THE
COPYRIGHT ACT
COPYRIGHT
OFFICE
COPYRIGHT
BOARD
COPYRIGHT
SOCITIES
COPYRIGHT OFFICE
• According to section 9 of copyright act 1957 , there shall be established for the
purpose of this act an office to be called as copyright office.
• This office is under the immediate control of the Registrar of Copyright who in
turn acts under the superintendence & direction of the Central Government.
• Under Section 10 of the act , the Central Government appoints a Registrar of
Copyright & it may also appoint one or more Deputy Registrar of copyrights, to
discharge the functions assigned to them by the Registrar from time to time.
• The Registrar of copyright will be the secretary of the Copyright Board.
COPYRIGHT BOARD
• The Central Government is authorised under Section 11 of the act to constitute a
Board to be called the Copyright Board which consists of a chairman & not less
than two or not more than 14 other members.
a) QUALIFICATIONS OF CHAIRMAN :
The chairman of the copyright should be a person who
(i) is either a High Court Judge; or
(ii) has been a judge of a High Court ; or
(iii) is qualified for appointment as a judge of a High Court .
b) POWERS & PROCEDURE OF THE COPYRIGHT BOARD :
Under Section 12 of the act, the copyright board is empowered to
regulate its own procedure, including the fixing of places & times of its
sittings. The board is empowered to exercise & discharge its powers &
functions through benches constituted by the chairman, among its
members , each consisting of not less than 3 members.
The principles of natural justice are supposed to be followed by the
members of the board in hearing the proceedings
COPYRIGHT BOARD
c) COMPULSORY LICENSING OF COPYRIGHTED WORKS
Section 31 of the act empowers the Copyright Board to exercise the powers
conferred under that section in the circumstances mentioned below :
i. The owner of a copyright in any Indian Work should have refused to allow
performance in public of that work & by reason of such refusal the work is
withheld from public ;
ii. The board has to satisfy itself that the grounds of such refusal are not
reasonable.
iii. where the board after such enquiry as it deems fit is satisfied of the above it
may issue a license to the complainant on payment of such compensation as
may be determined by it & subject to such terms & conditions as it may think fit.
d) OBJECT OF COMPULSORY LICENSING
The object behind this section is to issue compulsory license to publish, etc. of a
work which the author has refused to republish, etc. & by reason of such refusal the
work has been withheld from public.
COPYRIGHT SOCITIES
• Chapter VII of the act deals with the copyright societies, their powers, procedure
followed & other related matters, in section 33 to 39-A.
• The activities of the societies were confined to copyright subsisting in literary,
dramatic and musical work which can be performed in public.
REGISTRATION OF COPYRIGHT SOCIETIES
Any association of persons, whether incorporated or not, comprising 7 or more
owners of copyright formed for the purpose of carrying on the business of issuing or
granting licences in respect of any class of works in which copyright subsists. Such
an association may file an application with the registrar of copyright, for submission
to the Central Government for grant of permission to carry on such business & for
its registration as a copyright societies.
COPYRIGHT SOCITIES
• General powers of copyright board includes :
 The power to issue licences in respect of copyright under the act;
 The power to collect fees in pursuance of such licences; and
 The power to distribute such fees among owners of right after making deductions
of its own expenses
COPYRIGHT SOCITIES
The copyright societies are empowered to exercise their rights, subject to the
following duties.
 duty to par remuneration, by framing a scheme for determining the
Quantum of remuneration payable to the individual copyright owners
having regard to the number of copies of the work in circulation.
 duty to submit to the registrar of copyright returns & reports.
 duty to maintain accounts & submit for audit.
 duty to submit themselves to the collective control of the owners of the
copyright whose rights they administer in India.

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Authorities under copyright laws

  • 1. AUTHORIES AND INSTITUTIONS UNDER THE COPYRIGHT ACT COPYRIGHT OFFICE COPYRIGHT BOARD COPYRIGHT SOCITIES
  • 2. COPYRIGHT OFFICE • According to section 9 of copyright act 1957 , there shall be established for the purpose of this act an office to be called as copyright office. • This office is under the immediate control of the Registrar of Copyright who in turn acts under the superintendence & direction of the Central Government. • Under Section 10 of the act , the Central Government appoints a Registrar of Copyright & it may also appoint one or more Deputy Registrar of copyrights, to discharge the functions assigned to them by the Registrar from time to time. • The Registrar of copyright will be the secretary of the Copyright Board.
  • 3. COPYRIGHT BOARD • The Central Government is authorised under Section 11 of the act to constitute a Board to be called the Copyright Board which consists of a chairman & not less than two or not more than 14 other members. a) QUALIFICATIONS OF CHAIRMAN : The chairman of the copyright should be a person who (i) is either a High Court Judge; or (ii) has been a judge of a High Court ; or (iii) is qualified for appointment as a judge of a High Court . b) POWERS & PROCEDURE OF THE COPYRIGHT BOARD : Under Section 12 of the act, the copyright board is empowered to regulate its own procedure, including the fixing of places & times of its sittings. The board is empowered to exercise & discharge its powers & functions through benches constituted by the chairman, among its members , each consisting of not less than 3 members. The principles of natural justice are supposed to be followed by the members of the board in hearing the proceedings
  • 4. COPYRIGHT BOARD c) COMPULSORY LICENSING OF COPYRIGHTED WORKS Section 31 of the act empowers the Copyright Board to exercise the powers conferred under that section in the circumstances mentioned below : i. The owner of a copyright in any Indian Work should have refused to allow performance in public of that work & by reason of such refusal the work is withheld from public ; ii. The board has to satisfy itself that the grounds of such refusal are not reasonable. iii. where the board after such enquiry as it deems fit is satisfied of the above it may issue a license to the complainant on payment of such compensation as may be determined by it & subject to such terms & conditions as it may think fit. d) OBJECT OF COMPULSORY LICENSING The object behind this section is to issue compulsory license to publish, etc. of a work which the author has refused to republish, etc. & by reason of such refusal the work has been withheld from public.
  • 5. COPYRIGHT SOCITIES • Chapter VII of the act deals with the copyright societies, their powers, procedure followed & other related matters, in section 33 to 39-A. • The activities of the societies were confined to copyright subsisting in literary, dramatic and musical work which can be performed in public. REGISTRATION OF COPYRIGHT SOCIETIES Any association of persons, whether incorporated or not, comprising 7 or more owners of copyright formed for the purpose of carrying on the business of issuing or granting licences in respect of any class of works in which copyright subsists. Such an association may file an application with the registrar of copyright, for submission to the Central Government for grant of permission to carry on such business & for its registration as a copyright societies.
  • 6. COPYRIGHT SOCITIES • General powers of copyright board includes :  The power to issue licences in respect of copyright under the act;  The power to collect fees in pursuance of such licences; and  The power to distribute such fees among owners of right after making deductions of its own expenses
  • 7. COPYRIGHT SOCITIES The copyright societies are empowered to exercise their rights, subject to the following duties.  duty to par remuneration, by framing a scheme for determining the Quantum of remuneration payable to the individual copyright owners having regard to the number of copies of the work in circulation.  duty to submit to the registrar of copyright returns & reports.  duty to maintain accounts & submit for audit.  duty to submit themselves to the collective control of the owners of the copyright whose rights they administer in India.