Demonstrating Value in Housing and    Community Development                     Chris Walker       Director of Research an...
Government Performance Review                                Results-Based Accountability      Act of 1993 (GPRA)
Collective Impact
$250,000                      $200,000                                                                                Grou...
Example of Classic Evaluation Approach:  LISC Financial Opportunity Centers
LISC Financial Opportunity CentersSample Client Flow Chartfor a WorkforceDevelopment Agency                Walk-ins:      ...
Research Question and Data Sources MatrixLISC Financial Opportunity Center Evaluation                                     ...
Community Development Evaluation
Two Types of Community Development OutcomesPopulation-Level Changes      Changes to demographic, economic, and      social...
Clustered DevelopmentFour Corners / Portland-Franklin – Minneapolis
Figure 12: Denver and Five Points Impact Area   Denver- Five Points Development Area                           Five Points...
Figure 13                               Property Value Changes in the Five Points Impact Area, Denver Low-Income          ...
Figure 14                       Econometric Trend Analysis of Residential Property Value Change                 in Five Po...
$250,000                      $200,000                                                                                Grou...
AccessMeasures
Example of ContainerAccess Measure:Census Tracts withoutAccess to Full-ServiceSupermarket
Example of DistanceAccess Measure:Job Locations within1 Mile of NeighborhoodCenter
$250,000                                                                       $200,000                                   ...
Model of Possible Housing Project Neighborhood EffectsPhysical Improvements                                         Housin...
Mixed-Use DevelopmentAdams & CentralSouth Los Angeles
Demonstrating Value in Housing and    Community Development            Thanks for Listening!                     Chris Wal...
C3 measuring impact   chris walker - lisc
C3 measuring impact   chris walker - lisc
C3 measuring impact   chris walker - lisc
C3 measuring impact   chris walker - lisc
C3 measuring impact   chris walker - lisc
C3 measuring impact   chris walker - lisc
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C3 measuring impact chris walker - lisc

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Many of us know the value of our work in the community, and investors and supporters think they know the value of our work in the community. Having an established method to collect and assess data that measures this value is a powerful tool. Participants will learn to anticipate which types of data they should collect, how to collect and assess it, and how to use it to improve productivity and show off their accomplishments.

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  • Dudley Square neighborhood. The 65 apartments provide living space at reasonable rents in an affordable apartment-starved city; the residents lend new street life to the commercial and transit hub; and local businesses have an additional source of customers
  • C3 measuring impact chris walker - lisc

    1. 1. Demonstrating Value in Housing and Community Development Chris Walker Director of Research and Assessment Local Initiatives Support Corporation HAC Annual Conference Washington, DC December 6, 2012 $250,000 $200,000 Group 1 Average Loan Amount Group 2 $150,000 Group 3 $100,000 Group 4 $50,000 Group 5 $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year
    2. 2. Government Performance Review Results-Based Accountability Act of 1993 (GPRA)
    3. 3. Collective Impact
    4. 4. $250,000 $200,000 Group 1Average Loan Amount Group 2 $150,000 Group 3 $100,000 Group 4 $50,000 Group 5 The Classic Logic Model $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year If you accomplish If you If these benefits your planned accomplish to participants activities, then your planned are achieved, If you have you will activities to the then certain access to them, hopefully extent you changes to Certain then you can deliver the intended, then organizations, resources are use the to amount of your communities, or needed to accomplish your product and/or participants will systems might be operate your planned service that benefit in expected to program activities you intended certain ways occur Resources/ Activities Outputs Outcomes Impacts Inputs 1 2 3 4 5 Your Planned Work Your Intended Results Figure: How to Read a Logic Model Source: W.Kellogg Foundation, Logic Model Development Guide
    5. 5. Example of Classic Evaluation Approach: LISC Financial Opportunity Centers
    6. 6. LISC Financial Opportunity CentersSample Client Flow Chartfor a WorkforceDevelopment Agency Walk-ins: Visit: Income Resource Support Room Workshops: Orientation Coach Employment (temporary) Financial Financial Income Coach Employment Income Supports Counselor Supports Coach CFA Special Employment Job Readiness Programs College Preparation Programs Educational/ Employment Vocational Programs Specialist Job Placement & Retention
    7. 7. Research Question and Data Sources MatrixLISC Financial Opportunity Center Evaluation Quantitative Qualitative
    8. 8. Community Development Evaluation
    9. 9. Two Types of Community Development OutcomesPopulation-Level Changes Changes to demographic, economic, and social indicators for a population defined by geography or other community characteristicChanges in Levels of Service Changes in population access to, or participation in housing, workforce, education, and/or other services and supports within a geographic area $250,000 $200,000 Group 1 Average Loan Amount Group 2 $150,000 Group 3 $100,000 Group 4 $50,000 Group 5 $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year
    10. 10. Clustered DevelopmentFour Corners / Portland-Franklin – Minneapolis
    11. 11. Figure 12: Denver and Five Points Impact Area Denver- Five Points Development Area Five Points N Development Area W E SDowntown Denver 3 0 3 6 Miles $250,000Galster, George, Diane Levy, Noah Sawyer, Kenneth Temkin and Christopher Walker. 2005. The $200,000 Group 1Impact of Community Development Corporations on Urban Neighborhoods. Washington, DC: The Average Loan Amount Group 2 $150,000 Group 3Urban Institute. $100,000 Group 4 $50,000 Group 5 $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year
    12. 12. Figure 13 Property Value Changes in the Five Points Impact Area, Denver Low-Income Neighborhoods, and the City of Denver $120,000 $100,000Median Home Price $80,000 Entire City $60,000 Five Points -- Actual Five Points -- Projected $40,000 All Low-Income Areas $20,000 $- -I -I -I 88 87 -P -P -P -P -P 89 90 91 92 93 96 94 95 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 Year $250,000 Note: An "I" appended to any year denotes Interim Intervention Period; a "P" denotes Post-Intervention Period $200,000 Group 1 Average Loan Amount Group 2 $150,000 Group 3 $100,000 Group 4 $50,000 Group 5 $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year
    13. 13. Figure 14 Econometric Trend Analysis of Residential Property Value Change in Five Points Impact Area Compared to All Other Denver Low-Income Areas Five Points Impact Area Other Denver Low-Income AreasPercent Difference from Other Low- Income Areas 68.7% 16.9% 0% 1st Quarter 4th Quarter 2nd Quarter 4th Quarter 1987 1988 1991 1997 $250,000 $200,000 Group 1 Average Loan Amount Group 2 $150,000 Group 3 Lines indicate property value changes relative to other low- income areas in Denver after controlling $100,000 Group 4 for attributes of properties sold and general economic conditions. $50,000 Group 5 $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year
    14. 14. $250,000 $200,000 Group 1Average Loan Amount Group 2 $150,000 Group 3 $100,000 Group 4 Types of Community Access Measures $50,000 Group 5 $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year Type Example Container Number of job slots in county paying more than $3,400 per month Coverage Number of job slots with 30 miles from the county population center Min. Distance Distance between county center and nearest full service hospital Travel Cost Average distance between residence and employment location Classification is from Gary Higgs (2005)
    15. 15. AccessMeasures
    16. 16. Example of ContainerAccess Measure:Census Tracts withoutAccess to Full-ServiceSupermarket
    17. 17. Example of DistanceAccess Measure:Job Locations within1 Mile of NeighborhoodCenter
    18. 18. $250,000 $200,000 Group 1 Average Loan Amount Group 2 $150,000Housing Impacts Group 3 $100,000 Group 4 $50,000 Group 5 $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 YearMixed-Use Development: Dartmouth Hotel: Boston
    19. 19. Model of Possible Housing Project Neighborhood EffectsPhysical Improvements Housing market response Improve physical appearance Construct / renovate residential space Improved public safety Remove crime sites Increase foot traffic Commercial / retail Create non-residential space vitality Supply community amenities Increased purchasing Increased supply of social / health servicesOccupancy Increased civic Stronger schools New occupied units participation quality New working / moderate Stronger community income families relationships
    20. 20. Mixed-Use DevelopmentAdams & CentralSouth Los Angeles
    21. 21. Demonstrating Value in Housing and Community Development Thanks for Listening! Chris Walker Director of Research and Assessment Local Initiatives Support Corporation cwalker@lisc.org $250,000 $200,000 Group 1 Average Loan Amount Group 2 $150,000 Group 3 $100,000 Group 4 $50,000 Group 5 $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year

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