Management information system


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Management information system

  1. 1. Management Information System<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  2. 2. Rupali Dhir<br />
  3. 3. Management<br />Management is the art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organized groups .<br />Managerial functions<br /><ul><li> Planning
  4. 4. Organizing
  5. 5. Staffing
  6. 6. Directing
  7. 7. controlling</li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  8. 8. Information <br />Information is data that is processed and is presented in the form which assists decision makers.<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  9. 9. SYSTEM<br />A system is set of interrelated components or entities that interact to achieve particular function or goal. Each component of a system has its own goal. but these components work together to achieve the common goal<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  10. 10. Components of a system<br /><ul><li> Inputs
  11. 11. Processor
  12. 12. Outputs
  13. 13. Control
  14. 14. Feedback
  15. 15. Environment</li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  16. 16. Characteristics of system<br /><ul><li> Organization
  17. 17. Interaction
  18. 18. Interdependence
  19. 19. Integration
  20. 20. Central objective</li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  21. 21. organization<br />It is the arrangement of components, that helps to achieve objectives .<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  22. 22. Interaction<br />Interaction refers to the manner in which each component functions with other components of the system.<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  23. 23. Interdependence<br /><ul><li> Interdependence means that Parts of the organization or computer system depend on one another.
  24. 24. They are coordinated and linked together according to plan.
  25. 25. One subsystem depends on the input of another subsystem for proper functioning, that is the output of one subsystem is the required input for another subsystem.</li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  26. 26. Integration<br /><ul><li> Integration is concerned with how a system is linked together.
  27. 27. It is more than sharing a physical part or location.
  28. 28. It means that part of the system work together within the system even though each part performs a unique function.</li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  29. 29. Central objective<br />Every system must have central objective to achieve the goal .<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  30. 30. Types of system<br /><ul><li> Physical and abstract systems
  31. 31. Deterministic and probabilistic systems
  32. 32. Open and close system
  33. 33. Social and machine system</li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  34. 34. Types of system cont’d<br /><ul><li> Natural and Manufactured systems
  35. 35. Subsystem and super system
  36. 36. Permanent and temporary system
  37. 37. Adaptive and non adaptive systems</li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  38. 38. Information system<br />DATA<br />Data are row facts or observations.<br />INFORMATION<br />Information is data which is in processed form.<br />Rupali Dhir<br />Input(data)<br />Data<br />process<br />Informationas output<br />
  39. 39. Difference Between Data and Information<br />DATA<br /><ul><li>Data refers to details, facts about any event.
  40. 40. Data is generally disorganized and disintegrated in form
  41. 41. Data is in raw form.
  42. 42. Data cannot be understood or made use of by the user.
  43. 43. Data does not depend upon information. </li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  44. 44. Information<br /><ul><li>Information refers to only those events which are concerned with entity.
  45. 45. Information is properly arranged, classified and organised.
  46. 46. Information is understood and used by the users.
  47. 47. Information is based upon and derived from data.</li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  48. 48. Information system<br />Formal information system<br />It is the system which is based on defined procedures and rules for providing information(computer based information system).<br />Manual information system<br />Uses paper and pencil technology to provide information(manual account keeping). <br />information system can also be considered as a organizational and management solution based on information technology<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  49. 49. Classification of information system<br /><ul><li> Strategic information</li></ul>planning<br /><ul><li>Tactical information</li></ul>controlling<br /><ul><li>Operational information</li></ul>internal /external system<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  50. 50. Characteristics of information<br /><ul><li>Timelines : timelines means that information must reach the respective receiver within the prescribe time frame.
  51. 51. Relevant : information said to relevant if it assures specifically for the recipient what,why,where,when. What is relevant for one receiver is not necessarily relevant for another </li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  52. 52. <ul><li>Completeness: the information which is provided must be complete and should meet all the needs.
  53. 53. Accuracy : information must be free form material errors. information must be accurate.
  54. 54. Summarization : information should be aggregated in accordance with the user needs.
  55. 55. Data base : if the data is stored efficiently and with common usage in mind, one master file can provide the data once, properly validate it and place it on central storage medium that can accessed by any system. </li></ul>Rupali Dhir<br />
  56. 56. Level of Information System<br />Operational level<br />Knowledge level<br />Management<br />Strategic level<br />Transaction processing system<br />Office automation system<br />Knowledge work system<br />Management information system<br />Decision support system<br />Executive support system<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  57. 57. Operational level<br />These are the information system which are used for monitoring the basic activities and transactions of the organization such as bank transaction recording and automatic teller machines(ATM)<br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  58. 58. Knowledge level systems<br />These information systems support data workers<br />And knowledge workers .<br />Data workers are the persons who are related with communication and processing of data. E.g. accountants and clerks.<br />Knowledge workers are persons which deal with creation of data. E.g. Engineers, scientists and sales managers providing sales data etc. <br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  59. 59. Management informationsystem<br />These information system are used for monitoring, controlling and decision making activities in an organization. <br />Rupali Dhir<br />
  60. 60. Strategic level systems<br />These systems are used for helping top management executive by recording and analysing long term trends both in the firm and in the environment external to the firm.<br />Rupali Dhir<br />