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Digital Preservation


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digital preservation in Indian Context

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Digital Preservation

  1. 1. Preservation and Conservation of Manuscripts NEHA KALRA Student Dept.of Library and Information Science P.U., Chandigarh
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>India has largest collection of manuscripts in world. </li></ul><ul><li>These are available in different languages and scripts. </li></ul><ul><li>Written on variety of forms like palm, bamboo, cloth etc. </li></ul><ul><li>In nutshell manuscripts represents broad area of Indian culture. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cultural Heritage <ul><li>So, what can be done to preserve our national heritage? </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation and conservation of such precious documents are to be taken care of. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Manuscript ? <ul><li>It is a hand written composition on paper, cloth, metal, palm leaf and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>In context of library science, it may be defined as hand written item in the collections of a library or an archive. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Indian Initiatives <ul><li>The two agencies which taking care for preserving and making awareness among students about manuscripts are </li></ul><ul><li>National Mission for Manuscripts </li></ul><ul><li>National Archives of India </li></ul>
  6. 6. National Mission for Manuscripts
  7. 7. <ul><li>The project was launched in February 2003 by Ministry of Culture, Government of India </li></ul><ul><li>It aims to protect the valuable cultural inheritance of India’s manuscript. </li></ul><ul><li>Works with MRCs and MCCs in all over the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Collects data on manuscripts from various places. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Objectives & Strategies <ul><li>Survey and Locate </li></ul><ul><li>Catalogue and Compile </li></ul><ul><li>Conserve and Preserve </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Access </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>Public Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>The Network </li></ul><ul><li>The Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Publication </li></ul>
  9. 9. Digitization Process <ul><li>Identification of the items for the collection </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of the 'kind' of content </li></ul><ul><li>Choice of Formats </li></ul><ul><li>Choice of Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Choice of Software </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of Medium </li></ul><ul><li>Storage and Archiving Management </li></ul>
  10. 10. National Archives of India
  11. 11. <ul><li>It is a repository of non-current records of Government of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Attached to department of culture under ministry and culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Was set up in 1891 in Calcutta as Imperial Record Department. </li></ul><ul><li>And from 1911 its office is in New Delhi. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Educational Programmes <ul><li>National archives of India is undertaking many training programs for awareness among students such as </li></ul><ul><li>Diploma courses offered by it aims to train students in various archival disciplines. </li></ul><ul><li>Short term courses are also offered to make trainees aware of acquisition, arrangement and retrieval of records in archives. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Digital Strategy
  14. 14. <ul><li>Refreshing: it is transfer of data between two similar types of storage medium so that there is no change in data. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration: transfer of data to new system environments. </li></ul><ul><li>Replication: creating duplicate copies of data on more than one system. </li></ul><ul><li>Emulation: it is a strategy for retaining old video game systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata attachment: it is data on a digital file. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Archival Section A.C Joshi Library Panjab University, Chandigarh
  16. 16. <ul><li>It contains two kinds of holdings i.e. manuscripts and rare books. </li></ul><ul><li>Total number of manuscripts is 1492 which are in various languages like Hindi, Urdu, Sanskrit. </li></ul><ul><li>Rare books being another category are 20,000 in number starting from 1634 A.D. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Themes covered <ul><li>Mutiny records. </li></ul><ul><li>Reports on the results of scientific voyages </li></ul><ul><li>Atlases, Imperial Gazetteer of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Books on art, architecture and painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Biographies, factory records, religious literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Books written by medieval writers and travelers and many more. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Preservation & Conservation ? <ul><li>Preservation and conservation are used interchangeably. </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation is a process which retain the longevity of documents. </li></ul><ul><li>But conservation is treatment done for preservation of artistic material. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Preservation Problems <ul><li>Libraries face number of preservation problems like </li></ul><ul><li>Adverse environment conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature and humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Biological pests </li></ul><ul><li>Insects </li></ul>
  20. 20. Methods of Preservation <ul><li>Heat treatment: Fumigation is done to the out dated books to kill insects on the documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Acid test: In this acidity or quality of the paper is determined. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital preservation: In this method pixels are used for preservation and finally copying, scanning of image is send to the computer. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Conclusion <ul><li>Manuscripts are life and blood of our cultural heritage. So, we should not only found the ways to locate, catalogue and preserve these but also enhance access and spread awareness about it. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>