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Gothiccathedral 090520093631 Phpapp02


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Gothiccathedral 090520093631 Phpapp02

  1. 1. The Gothic Cathedral
  2. 2. THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Understand the key structural components of the Gothic cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the origins of the Gothic style </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the cathedral as an interactive environment </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the symbolic properties of light and height in the Gothic cathedral </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ille de France region
  4. 4. Notre Dame, Paris, 1163-1267 THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL
  5. 5. Romanesque style: Ste. Marie, Souillac, France. c. 1130
  6. 6. Gothic style: Abbey Church of St. Denis, France, 1220s
  7. 7. Gothic Cathedral Architectural Style <ul><li>Began in France in the 12 c . </li></ul><ul><li>Pointed arches. </li></ul><ul><li>Flying buttresses. </li></ul><ul><li>Stained glass windows. </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate, ornate interior. </li></ul><ul><li>Taller, more airy  lots of light. </li></ul><ul><li>Lavish sculpture  larger-than-life . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Development of Gothic Cathedrals <ul><li>Urban revolution: civic pride, rising wealth, intense urban piety </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrors shift in piety, literature, and the lifestyle of the nobility towards emotional intensity and refinement </li></ul><ul><li>Structural engineering advances allowed for greater height and took the weight off the walls allowing for the installation of large windows </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gothic Cathedrals: 2 major features <ul><li>LIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>HEIGHT </li></ul>
  10. 10. Notre Dame, Paris, ca. 1250, nave & choir
  11. 11. Interactive Elements <ul><li>Educational program </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiring mystical, emotional experience using light and height </li></ul>
  12. 12. Abbot Suger: creates the Gothic style at St. Denis Choir, St. Denis, 1140s **First church space to focus on making the ceiling higher and the interior more filled with light **Beginning of new style of church design in France
  13. 13. The Gothic Style Emerges Tree of Jesse, window at St. Denis **educational **symbolic of God’s light in your life
  14. 14. Royal Chapel of St. Chapelle, Paris, begun 1240s
  15. 15. Sainte Chapelle, interior
  16. 16. Rose Window : A circular window composed of patterned tracery arranged in petal-like formation.
  17. 17. The good, of course, is always beautiful, and the beautiful never lacks proportion. --- Plato Rose Window Chartres Cathedral, Paris
  18. 19. Notre Dame Cathedral **Exterior of cathedrals are also part of the educational program **Numerous relief and partially free-standing sculptures cover the front and sides of the structure—all carefully planned to be part of an overall religious program
  19. 21. Notre Dame, portal carvings
  20. 23. Cathedral Gargoyles
  21. 24. HEIGHT Structural Elements <ul><li>Rib Vaults </li></ul><ul><li>Pointed Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Flying Buttresses </li></ul>
  22. 25. Rib Vault : A relatively thin stone vault set within a framework of ribs.
  23. 26. Amiens, nave vaulting, 1220-1247 Nave height: 140 feet
  24. 27. Flying Buttress : a free-standing support attached to the outer walls to resist the lateral thrust of a vault Amiens Cathedral Nave cross section
  25. 28. Flying Buttress
  26. 29. Amiens Cathedral, buttressing
  27. 30. Computer graphic: Amiens Source: Amiens Cathedral Project
  28. 31. Basilican Floor Plan (Latin Cross) <ul><li>Cathedrals were usually oriented along an east-west axis. The main entrance was on the west end while the liturgical stuff (altar, bishop’s throne, etc.) was located in the east end. They had the shape of a Latin cross. </li></ul>
  29. 32. NAVE: the central longitudinal space of a basilican church Basilican Plan (Latin Cross)
  30. 33. AISLE: the space between the columns of the nave and the side wall Nartex NARTHEX: A vestibule leading to the nave of a church, originally separated by a screen
  31. 34. TRANSEPT : an extension across the main axis giving a church the shape of a cross
  32. 35. apse Crossing : area of a church where the nave, choir, and transept intersect Choir: area of the church where the priest performs the mass Apse: vaulted, circular extension or projection at the eastern end of a church
  33. 36. Which Interior Is Which?
  34. 37. Which Cathedral Style Is Which?