Lessons 11 Africa Doherty 15 Sep 09

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Lessons 11 Africa Doherty 15 Sep 09

  1. 1. AS-4100Lesson 11<br />Regional Study:<br />Africa<br />Lt Col Wayne Doherty<br />15 Sep 09<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />- LLAB 3 up/3 down<br />- Unified Command Plan “World Map”<br />- EXERCISE: Africa War Causes<br />- Student Presentations<br />BREAK<br />- Finish Student Presentations<br />- Remaining Material on Africa<br />- AF Topic of Your Choice <br />* Promotion Stats vs. Command Selection<br />2<br />
  3. 3. LLAB 3 up/3 down<br />3<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Combatant Commands<br />- Regional Combatant Commands<br />United States Africa Command - USAFRICOM (HQ: Kelley Barracks, in Stuttgart, Germany) <br />United States Central Command - USCENTCOM (HQ: MacDill AFB, in Tampa, FL) <br />United States European Command - USEUCOM (HQ: Patch Barracks, in Stuttgart, Germany) <br />United States Pacific Command - USPACOM (HQ: Camp H. M. Smith, in Honolulu, HI) <br />United States Northern Command - USNORTHCOM (HQ: Peterson AFB, in Colorado Springs, CO) <br />United States Southern Command - USSOUTHCOM (HQ: Doral (Miami), FL) <br />Plus: ALASKAN COMMAND (Sub-Unified Command under PACOM and a Joint Task Force Headquarters for USNORTHCOM<br />- Functional Combatant Commands<br />United States Joint Forces Command - USJFCOM (HQ: Norfolk, VA) <br />United States Special Operations Command - USSOCOM (HQ: MacDill AFB, in Tampa, FL) <br />United States Strategic Command - USSTRATCOM (HQ: Offutt AFB, in Omaha, NE) <br />United States Transportation Command - USTRANSCOM (HQ: Scott AFB, in St. Clair County, IL) <br />5<br />
  6. 6. AFRICA<br />
  7. 7. EXERCISE<br />
  8. 8. Africa: Overview Video<br />
  9. 9. Student Presentations<br /><ul><li>Social and Cultural
  10. 10. Health, the Environment, and the Impact of War
  11. 11. Economics
  12. 12. Politics and Government </li></li></ul><li>Africa<br />
  13. 13. Africa<br />
  14. 14. Africa<br />
  15. 15. Africa<br />
  16. 16. Africa<br />
  17. 17. African Religion<br /><ul><li>Christianity - most practiced
  18. 18. Islam
  19. 19. Traditional Beliefs
  20. 20. Thousands!</li></li></ul><li>Economics<br /><ul><li>Africa is a continent with vast potential wealth in terms of its people and its natural resources… Yet Africa is the most underdeveloped region of the world.</li></li></ul><li>Economics<br /><ul><li>Large city migration</li></li></ul><li>Economics<br /><ul><li>High unemployment
  21. 21. 1/2 of Africans live on <$1 Per day</li></li></ul><li>Social Issues<br /><ul><li>Critical Health Problems
  22. 22. Ebola, tuberculosis, malaria, cholera, measles, guinea worm</li></li></ul><li>Realities of Africa’s health situation <br /><ul><li>Africa has 12% of the world population, but in 2006, had 63% of the world’s HIV/AIDS cases
  23. 23. 2.1 million AIDS deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa represent 72% of global AIDS deaths
  24. 24. 1 in 5 adults in Zimbabwe have HIV
  25. 25. Half of population suffer from malaria
  26. 26. A child dies every 30 seconds from malaria
  27. 27. Single leading cause of death for children under 5yrs</li></li></ul><li>Health, the Environment, and the Impact of War<br /><ul><li> Immense amounts of money is spent to conduct war… Every $1 spent for war is $1 not spent on health and infrastructure
  28. 28. Children are abused by war
  29. 29. Child warriors by force
  30. 30. As young as seven</li></li></ul><li>                                           <br />Health, the Environment, and the Impact of War <br /><ul><li>The continent also has serious environmental problems such as deforestation and desertification, which is rapidly expanding on a continent that already has substantial deserts
  31. 31. It results from poor land management: productive land that was over cultivated, overgrazed, clear-cut or over irrigated
  32. 32. Drought also contributes to the problem</li></li></ul><li>Health, the Environment, and the Impact of War <br /><ul><li>Oil extraction in a number of African countries pollutes the African environment
  33. 33. International corporations contract with African countries allowing them to transfer toxic waste to Africa
  34. 34. Commercial mining also disfigures the African landscape
  35. 35. Ore and other minerals are extracted, often leaving contaminated and unusable land</li></li></ul><li>Politics and Government<br /><ul><li>In the 1950s, and throughout the ’60s and ’70s, </li></ul> the African struggle for independence and democracy intensified <br /><ul><li>By the end of the 20th century, Africa had become 53 independent countries</li></li></ul><li>Politics and Government<br />Why has it been so difficult for many African countries to achieve political stability?<br /><ul><li>Impact from the European slave trade
  36. 36. Legacy of the colonial period
  37. 37. Colonial rule was authoritarian
  38. 38. Problems with boundaries
  39. 39. Countries produced few or no products to export
  40. 40. Corruption, often backed by the military
  41. 41. Many countries warring with their neighbors</li></li></ul><li>World Affairs <br /><ul><li>Africa is of strategic importance to the rest of the world for several reasons
  42. 42. It sits squarely in the middle of three of the most important trade routes – the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea
  43. 43. Vast energy resources, and most of the minerals essential for industrial development
  44. 44. 1/3 of all votes within the General Assembly of the United Nations </li></li></ul><li>World Affairs <br /><ul><li>Africa is also important for economic reasons
  45. 45. Oil, minerals
  46. 46. Europe-Asia
  47. 47. Africa also has many close ties to the U.S.
  48. 48. 13% of U.S. population is of African descent </li></li></ul><li>World Affairs<br /><ul><li>Africa is now seeking assistance from the rest of the developed world in three critical areas
  49. 49. First, debt forgiveness to remove a major constraint on Africa’s economic development
  50. 50. Second, aid, such as loans and technical assistance, to deal with problems related to education, health, and the environment
  51. 51. Third, increased foreign direct investment and trade to fund infrastructure and industry</li></li></ul><li>Overview<br />- LLAB 3 up/3 down<br />- Unified Command Plan “World Map”<br />- EXERCISE: Africa War Causes<br />- Student Presentations<br />BREAK<br />- Finish Student Presentations<br />- Remaining Material – “USAFRICOM”<br />- AF Topic of Your Choice <br />* Promotion Stats vs. Command Selection<br />29<br />
  52. 52.
  53. 53.
  54. 54.
  55. 55.
  56. 56. Overarching US National Security Interests for AFCOM AO<br />Regional stability to support peace and prosperity<br />Critical regional partnerships to counter WMD proliferation and support of GWOT<br />Access to regional markets and resources <br />Championing democratic principles and human dignity<br />
  57. 57.
  58. 58.
  59. 59.
  60. 60.
  61. 61.
  62. 62.
  63. 63.
  64. 64.                                  <br />AfricaQuestions<br />Questions?<br />
  65. 65. Overview<br />- LLAB 3 up/3 down<br />- Unified Command Plan “World Map”<br />- EXERCISE: Africa War Causes<br />- Student Presentations<br />BREAK<br />- Finish Student Presentations<br />- Remaining Material – “USAFRICOM”<br />- AF Topic of Your Choice <br />* Promotion Stats vs. Command Selection<br />43<br />
  66. 66. Recent History: Officer Promotions<br />Opportunity &<br />“DP” Allocation<br />Actual Promotion Rates by <br /> Zone & Type Recommendation<br />Source: AFPC<br />Note1: CY08 board data for Major; CY09 data for Lt Col & Col<br />
  67. 67. Recent History: Enlisted Promotion Rates<br />Source: AFPC<br />
  68. 68. Vigilant Eagle 2010Final Demographics<br />Jun 09<br />
  69. 69. VE 10<br />219 nominees for VE10 (Space/Missile Squadron Command)<br />34 projected command vacancies<br />For 34 Selects – 37% Selection Rate “Make the List” (81) <br />15% of nominees will get command<br />of all eligibles, not all were nominated…so actual selection will be less than 10% of eligible officers<br />Just making “the list” does not guarantee command, but MUST be on the list to get command (approved by 4-star general)<br />
  70. 70. VE10 – Organization <br />
  71. 71. VE10 – Gender<br />
  72. 72. VE10 – Race<br />
  73. 73. VE10 - BPZ<br />
  74. 74. VE10 - PME<br />R = Residence<br />Non-R = Non-residence<br />
  75. 75. VE10 - Highest Education<br />
  76. 76. VE10 – Operational/Acquisition Experience<br />
  77. 77. Next Class<br />No additional preparation required<br />- “SPINS” will be given to CW/CC<br />- 1 hour worth of assessment of following:<br />-- Cadet Wing Leadership<br />-- Cadet Wing Functions<br />-- Leadership Lab<br />-- PT Sessions<br />-- Special Events<br />-- Resulting Presentation to be given to Det/CC<br />Following Week at Start of Class<br />Remainder of this class time <br />– “JTF Atlas Response” Video<br />55<br />
  78. 78. For CW/CC Led Session<br />Lead the 440th Cadet Wing in a Self-Assessment as follows:<br />- Grade Each Area (A – B – C – F)<br />- Note Strengths and Weaknesses<br />- Note Best Practices<br />- Describe Any Approach / Vector Changes<br />- Discuss Methods for enforcing Standards if any are Not Met / Not Being Met<br />- Way Ahead for remaining 6 LLABs (6 Oct – end of semester)<br />- BRIEFING NLT 10 Minutes on 29 Sep<br />56<br />

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