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Fabric wastage and sewing fault analysis

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This project is done by based on Norban COmtex Ltd.

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Fabric wastage and sewing fault analysis

  1. 1. 1 P a g e PROJECT Course Code: Tex -4034 Project report on MENT Fabric wastage and sewing fault analysis Prepared & Submitted By Supervising faculty: Adnan Zaber Mahmud Lecturer, Department of Textile engineering, Southeast University NAME ID BATCH GROUP 001 Md. Faridul Islam Rumman 2012000400116 19TH GMT 02 MD. Abul Hasan Rasel 2012000400139 19TH GMT 03 Masrura Mahmud 2012000400135 19TH GMT Submission Date: 09 January 2016
  2. 2. 2 P a g e “Letter Of Transmittal” 09 January 2016 Adnan Zaber Mahmud Lecturer Department of Textile Engineering Southeast University. Subject: Submission of Project Report. Dear Sir, We are pleased to submit our “Project Report” This is submitted under the program of B.Sc in Textile Engineering in Southeast University. The Report has been completed in accordance with the knowledge that we have gather during our Industrial Training and the guidelines received from our honorable teachers and our group members. We have done this field work in“Norban Comtex Ltd”. However, we will always be ready to provide any further clarification that you may require. Yours Sincerely: Md. Faridul Islam Rumman ; ID: 2012000400116 ; Masrura Mahmud ; ID- 2012000400135; Md. Abul Hasan Rasel ;ID-2012000400139 ; Batch: 19th, Advance: GMT
  3. 3. 3 P a g e “ACKNOLEDGEMENT” At first my gratefulness goes to Almighty Allah for giving me strength and ability to complete the Project report. A number of people have made significant contributions in preparing this report. Their insights, advice and suggestions helped me a lot . To whome we are extremely indebted for his tremendous support & guidance throughout our training period. Special thanks to our supervising teacher “Adnan Zuber Mahmud”, without his help it would not have been possible to complete this project.On our whole way we would also like to express our gratitude to Prof. Syed Fakhrul Hassan, Chairman Department of Textile Engineering Southeast University. I would like to thank the management of the “NORBAN COMTEX LTD”. for giving me the opportunity to complete the Project successfully and also for their valuable suggestion. I would also like to thank specially our senior brothers seniors of my university whom are working in the “NORBAN COMTEX LTD.” for helping me practically & for showing me the right path. I am greatly indebted to them. I also want to thank executives, senior executives and other official’s employee of “NORBAN COMTEX LTD”. for helping me to complete Project successfully. My gratitude also goes to all the employees of “NORBAN COMTEX LTD”. for their sincere co-operation, support and valuable advices. From this Project We Learn so many term in apparel industries basically about the line balancing. This will be so helpful in our job life. Finally we would like to convey our acknowledgement that we remain responsible for the inadequacies and errors which doubtless remain.
  4. 4. 4 P a g e Abstract: Sewing process is one of the most important stages in labour intensive ready-made clothing enterprises. Quality faults occurring during this process adversely affect the product quality and product efficiency, and also increase the production cost. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the knitwear production process is under control in a knitwear production enterprise and to detect the processes with highest rates of sewing faults in sewing department and finally to make suggestions for improving the quality control. Among the Statistical Process Control methods; control list, product control chart were used in the study. “product control chart” was used to test whether the production process is controlled in the enterprise. Furthermore, the statistical methods were employed to determine the issues that need to be done in the improvement efforts and to detect the relations between the process groups supposedly effective on faults occurring in knitwear production and the amount of faults. Also, the processes with highest amounts of sewing faults and the effects of these processes on fault rates were investigated. As a result, it was concluded that the production process was statistically
  5. 5. 5 P a g e not under control in the ready-made clothing enterprise. In addition, this study demonstrated that the investigation of each process group by drawing their product control charts would make significant contributions to foresee the results and prepare more effective the improvement plans. Declaration: We hereby declare that, this work has been done by Md. Faridul Islam rumman , Masrura Mahmud and Md. Abul Hasan Rasel under the supervision of Adnan Zaber Mahmud , Lecturer of Southeast University We also declare that neither this project nor any part of this attachment has been submitted elsewhere for award of any degree or diploma. Objective for this project:  To analysis the percentage of fabric wastage in textile sector;  The way to reduce fabric wastage;  To analysis the sewing fault data;  Calculation of per day as well as per month garment product which is hampering due to sewing .  How many time required for repairing them;  Economical effect due to sewing fault.
  6. 6. 6 P a g e Table of content Serial Title Page no. Chapter 01:Fabric Wastage 1.1 Introduction 7 1.2 Fabric & Fabric wastage 7 1.3 Types of fabric wastage 7 1.4 Fabric wastage at Norban Comtex ltd 9 1.5 Fabric Utilization 10 1.6 Recommendation 12 Chapter 02: Sewing Fault 2.1 Introduction 13 2.2 History 13 2.3 Elements of garments sewing 15 2.4 Sewing fault 15 2.5 Types of sewing fault 16 2.6 Sewing fault name, reason and remedies 17 Chapter 03: Production hampering 3.1 Fault calculation ( line wise) 31 3.2 Treatment of fault product 32 3.3 Recommendation 33 Chapter 04: Conclusion 35
  7. 7. 7 P a g e Chapter- 01 Fabric Wastage
  8. 8. 8 P a g e 1.1Introduction: Fabric is the core of apparel manufacturing. For this concern, many studies have been carried out with the aim to reduce fabric wastage in the production process. Cutting room is a place where a huge amount of fabric loss is generated. Fabric loss in cutting room is mainly caused by two operations - marker making and fabric spreading. Although marker making shares a large portion of material wastage, fabric loss due to spreading is of equal importance for material utilization control. Fabric also may wastage in knitting section during knitting process . On the other hand , when a complete garments is made, then if any kind of fault which cross the 4 point system , it also called fabric wastage. 1.2 Wastage and Fabric wastage: wastage means to loss or damage something which are not reparable or re-useable. When any material become loss or damage permanently and it loss its use ability its called wastage. In textile , the main raw material is fabric . Fabric is produced from yarn. By knitting process fabric is made . From fabric producing to finished a complete garments product fabric may wastage. 1.3Types of fabric wastage :
  9. 9. 9 P a g e Figure: wastage fabric 1.4Fabric wastage in Norban Comtex ltd. : Fabric wastage Wastage in knitting section Wastage in dyeing section Wastage in garments section
  10. 10. 10 P a g e Knitting section : In knitting section at Norban comtex ltd, 2-3% fabric is wastage.  Reason : 1) Design change: When fabric design is changed according to buyers fabric construction machine set up have to change according to fabric design. 2) Machine set up: For new design of fabric , machine should be changed. Machine parts also be changed. After changing machine set up when machine is start for new designed fabric machine take sometimes for controlled new design. 3) Machine maintenance: After a particular time machine should be mainentnance . during this times oil and lubricants entered on the machine parts and when machine is start oil and lubricant are attached on the fabric surface which is the major fault of fabric and fabric is wastage. 4) Poor yarn used: Poor yarn is one of the most issue for fabric wastage . Because poor yarn may be break down during machine running . If it continue time and time it need time to re connect yarn and yarn become wastage. 5) Machine R.P.M : Machine r.p.m may play an major role for fabric wastage. If machine rpm is become higher against yarn count then yarn may break down and may fabric wastage.  Remedies : 1) Strong yarn used : For reducing fabric wastage strong yarn should be used. 2) Machine r.p.m and tension fixed: If machine rpm and tension is properly set up then chance of yarn breaking is reduce and fabric wastage must be reduce. Dyeing section: In dyeing section at Norban Comtex ltd, 5-7% fabric is wastage.  Reason: 1) G.S.M measurement: In dyeing section fabric GSM should be check. That’s why fabric is cut from fabric role by gsm cutter. Though it is legal to cut fabric from any position of fabric roll, fabric is cut randomly and due to miss positioning fabric is wastage.
  11. 11. 11 P a g e 2) In correct sample dyeing: before starting bulk dyeing, a short amount sample is dyed as sample dyeing. If sample dyeing is approved first time then no chance to fabric wastage.  Remedies: Skilled worker should be used to check the gsm and skilled engineer should be used to calculation recipe of sample dyeing. Garments section :  Cutting section : Maximum fabric is wastage in garments cutting section . About 12-17% fabric is wastage in cutting section. Reason : 1) Incorrect marker making; 2) Miss size ratio; 3) In correct cut panel; 4) Unskilled worker used. Remedies: 1) Use Auto cad system; 2) Skilled worker used. 1.5 Fabric utilization: It means how much fabric is being utilized in cutting for garment patterns out of total fabric laid for cutting. Generally, fabric constitutes 60% to 70% of the total garment cost. So, through effective fabric utilization factory can save lot of money from fabric. Calculation of Fabric utilization: Fabric utilization is calculated by weight. Step 1: Measure the lay length (A) or marker length that should be used in bulk cutting. Suppose fabric width is 1.2 meters. Collect the information of fabric GSM (Grams per square meter).
  12. 12. 12 P a g e Step 2: Calculate weight of that lay (B). Fabric Weight = Fabric width X Lay Length X GSM X No. of plies (You can also calculate taking multiple lays) or 1.2A*GSM * no. of plies Step 3: Cut the patterns and collect all waste fabric and weigh waste (C). Normally includes ends losses, cut waste. Step 4: Weight of the fabric of cut panels D= (B-C) Step 5: Fabric utilization% = Weight of cut panels (D)/Total weight of the lay (B)*100% For the accuracy you can do this exercise with multiple lays and take average of them. Example: For better understanding I have shown an example in the following. Step 1: Assume that a) Measured lay length = 3 meters b) Fabric GSM = 150 c) No. of Plies = 5 and d) Fabric width = 1.2 meters, Step 2: Calculated weight of the lay = 3*150*5*1.2 =2700 grams Step 3: Weight of the collected waste after cutting = 300 grams Step 4: Weight of the cut panels = (2700 – 300) = 2400 grams Step 5: Fabric utilization percentage = (2400/2700*100) = 88.9% 1.6 Recommendation:
  13. 13. 13 P a g e About 25-30% fabric is wastage during all process of textile. If its percentage is reduced company will be more profitable. Chapter-02 Sewing fault analysis
  14. 14. 14 P a g e 2.1 Introduction: Sewing is the craft of fastening or attaching objects using stitches made with a needle and thread. Sewing is one of the oldest of the textile, arising in the Paleolithic era. Before the invention of spinning yarn or weaving fabric, archaeologists believe Stone Age people across Europe and Asia sewed fur and skin clothing using bone, antler or ivory needles and "thread" made of various animal body parts including sinew, catgut, and veins. 2.2 History For thousands of years, all sewing was done by hand. The invention of the sewing machine in the 19th century and the rise ofcomputerization in the later 20th century led to mass production and export of sewn objects, but hand sewing is still practised around the world. Fine hand sewing is a characteristic of high- quality tailoring, haute couture fashion, and custom dressmaking, and is pursued by both textile artists and hobbyists as a means of creative expression. Seated woman sewing a kimono,Utagawa Kuniyoshi, early 19th century. Different cultures have developed diverse sewing techniques, from methods of cutting fabric to types of stitches. Sewing has an ancient history estimated to begin during the Paleolithic Age. Sewing was used to stitch together animal hides for clothing and for shelter. The Inuit, for example, used sinew from caribou for thread and needles made of
  15. 15. 15 P a g e bone; the indigenous peoples of the American Plains and Canadian Prairies used sophisticated sewing methods to assemble tipi shelters. Sewing was combined with the weaving of plant leaves in Africa to create baskets, such as those made by Zulu weavers, who used thin strips of palm leaf as "thread" to stitch wider strips of palm leaf that had been woven into a coil. The weaving of cloth from natural fibres originated in the Middle East around 4000 BCE, and perhaps earlier during the Neolithic Age, and the sewing of cloth accompanied this development. During the Middle Ages, Europeans who could afford it employed seamstresses and tailors. Sewing for the most part was a woman's occupation, and most sewing before the 19th century was practical. Clothing was an expensive investment for most people, and women had an important role in extending the longevity of items of clothing. Sewing was used for mending. Clothing that was faded would be turned inside-out so that it could continue to be worn, and sometimes had to be taken apart and reassembled in order to suit this purpose. Once clothing became worn or torn, it would be taken apart and the reusable cloth sewn together into new items of clothing, made intoquilts, or otherwise put to practical use. The many steps involved in making clothing from scratch (weaving, pattern making, cutting, alterations, and so forth) meant that women often bartered their expertise in a particular skill with one another. Decorative needlework such as embroidery was a valued skill, and young women with the time and means would practise to build their skill in this area. From the Middle Ages to the 17th century, sewing tools such as needles, pins and pincushions were included in the trousseaus of many European brides. Decorative embroidery was valued in many cultures worldwide. Although most embroidery stitches in the Western repertoire are traditionally British, Irish or Western European in origin, stitches originating in different cultures are known throughout the world today. Some examples are the Cretan Open Filling stitch, Romanian Couching or Oriental Couching, and the Japanese stitch. The stitches associated with embroidery spread by way of the trade routes that were active during the Middle Ages. The Silk Road brought Chinese embroidery techniques to Western Asia and Eastern Europe, while techniques originating in the Middle East spread to Southern and Western Europe through Morocco and Spain. European imperial settlements also spread embroidery and sewing techniques worldwide. However, there are instances of sewing techniques indigenous to cultures in distant locations from one another, where cross-cultural communication would have been
  16. 16. 16 P a g e historically unlikely. For example, a method of reverse appliqué known to areas of South America is also known to Southeast Asia. 2.3 Elements of garment sewing Sewers working on a simple pattern need only a few sewing tools: measuring tape, needle, thread, cloth, and sewing shears. More complex patterns done on a sewing machine may only need a few more simple tools to get the job done, but there are an ever-growing variety of helpful sewing aids available, such as presser foot attachments for sewing ruffles, or hem repair glue. When the sewer has gathered the necessary tools to tackle a pattern, there are several elements of garment construction that are part of the process. Patterns will specify whether to cut on the grain or a bias cut. Construction stitches include edgestitching, understitching,staystitching and topstit ching. seam types include the plain seam, zigzag seam, flat fell seam, French seam, and many others. Supporting materials, such as interfacing, interlining or lining, or fusing, may be used as well, to give the fabric a more rigid or durable shape. Volume can be added with elements such as pleats, or reduced with the use of darts. Sewing machines are now made for a broad range of specialised sewing purposes, such as quilting machines, computerized machines for embroidery, and various sergers for finishing raw edges of fabric. 2.4 Sewing Faults Quality of product plays an important role in any industry. If a consumer does not like the quality of the product then the chances of sales become very less. Today, clothes play a very important role in the society. They help in creating an impression and define the human being in some aspects. Therefore it is very important to see to it that garments are made of high quality. In textile and Apparel Industry, sewing is one of the major processes in apparel production. It plays an important role in maintaining the quality of clothes. Hence it is important that all defects have to be avoided during sewing any apparel. In this paper, various faults
  17. 17. 17 P a g e or defects that can take place during sewing along with different remedies or methods to solve these defects are discussed. 2.5Types of Sewing Faults: Mainly there are three types: 1. Critical fault. 2. Major fault. 3. Minor fault. Critical fault: The faults present in garments lead the garments to be rejected directly are called critical fault. This garment should not pass for shipment. Example: a. Hole in the garments. b. Shade variation of the garments fabric etc. Sewing faults Critical faults Major faults Minor faults
  18. 18. 18 P a g e Major fault: The faults which are present in garments may not lead the garments be rejected rather after removing this faults garments are executed for shipment is called major fault. Example: a. Spot in the front part. b. Seam puckering. c. Slipped stitch. d. Broken stitch etc. Minor fault: The faults which are present in the garments cannot lead the garments be rejected rather if small quantity of this fault are present in the garment, garments can be accepted for shipment. This type of fault is called minor fault. Example: a. Spot in the under part. b. Sewing problem in the under part etc. 2.6 Names of different sewing faults , reason and their remedies : Fault name: Gathering Causes:  Size matching: When different parts of the body are not matching with another parts , during stitching gathering may occurred .  Machine tension : If tension of the sewing machine are not maintained , it is possible to passing extra fabric during sewing Remedies:  Send that garment to sewing line as alter to recheck size and re sewing.  Recheck the machine tension and re sewing that garment,
  19. 19. 19 P a g e Figure: Gathering . Fault name: Point Up-down . Causes :  Mismatching of body parts size ;  Mishandling of body parts; Remedies:  Match the body parts according to size and number and lot.  Skilled operator used to handling the garments.
  20. 20. 20 P a g e Figure: Point up-down. Fault Name: Level missing. Causes:  Over passing the parts from one operator to another;  Operator mistake to joining level but passed to another. Remedies:  Operator should be careful to join level;  Operator helper should be check all parts before passing other to another.
  21. 21. 21 P a g e Figure: Level missing. Fault name: Shade variation: Causes:  Mismatching of body parts;  Lot or bundle of cut panel mixing ;  Miss mixing of face side and back side of body parts. Remedies:  Recheck bundle or lot before input in sewing line;  Proper identified of face side and back side;
  22. 22. 22 P a g e Figure: Shade variation. Fault name: Skipped stitch: Causes: 1. Failure of needle to enter loop at correct time 2. Needle deflection or bent needle 3. Thread loop failure due to incorrect needle size for thread size 4. Incorrect sewing tension in the needle 5. Thread loop failure due to incorrect setting of thread control mechanism 6. Flagging of fabric due to poor presser foot control
  23. 23. 23 P a g e Remedies: 1) Check needles is inserted and aligned correctly. Machine clearance and timings. 2) Replace the needle 3) Change needle size in accordance with thread size. Kindly refer to recommended needle numbers against specified articles. 4) Re adjust the thread tension 5) Reset to standard and check loop formation through jog mechanism. 6) Re adjust presser foot pressure Figure: Skip stitch.
  24. 24. 24 P a g e Fault name: Seam Puckering: It may be defined as a ridge, wrinkle, or corrugation of the sewn fabric running across the seam. It is a sort of differential contraction occurring along a particular line usually along the seam line, in fabric, Seam Puckering can be attributed to following causes:- Incorrect tension setting Structural jamming or inherent pucker Fabric and / or thread instability Poorly controlled fabric feed Extension in sewing thread Diagnosis Without distorting the thread loops in the fabric, cut entire top and bottom threads of all the stitches along a fixed length of the seam. If the pucker vanishes, then it is due to incorrect thread tension setting. If pucker does not vanish then remove the stitches. on removal if both faces of seam come to a normal surface, structural jamming has occurred. If pucker appears after during post sewing operations or washing, due to dimensional changes in the thread /fabric. It is due to fabric /thread instability. Cut the area of maximum pucker, if on removal of stitch, one ply of fabric is longer than the other, then it is due to poor control on feed.
  25. 25. 25 P a g e Incorrect Tension Setting - tension setting Sewing with too much tension in thread causes pucker sewing takes place in stretched state of the thread. After sewing the stretched thread relaxes and attempts to recover its original length, it gathers up seam, which causes pucker. Remedies: Check tension level in the thread, Sew with minimum tension possible. Always adjust bobbin thread tension first then needle thread tension. Check dirt / fIy accumulation in the thread guides and eyelets. Check rough or worm out hread guides. Check if the coefficient of friction of the thread with metal is high. Contact Customer Technical Service Cell. Adjust feed timing and fabric control for maximum pulling of the fabric. Check for proper threading or fitting of bobbin case. Fault name: Needle Thread breakage: CAUSE: 1. Excessive tension in needle thread 2. Thread fraying at needle 3. Thread trapped at thread guide 4. Thread trapping at the base of cone 5. Snarling before tension disc.
  26. 26. 26 P a g e 6. Improper off winding from cone 7. Sharp edges on throat plate, hook point, needle guard, bobbin needle groove or eye. 8. Excessive needle heat, groove or eye blocked with melted fabric. Remedies: 1) Use stronger thread or adjust tension 2) Use finer thread or coarser needle 3) Re guide the thread properly 4) Reduce cone stand height to avoid vibration which can cause thread trapping 5) Increase thread guides and reduce disc tension 6) The overhead guide should be directly above cone or the thread package. Also ensure that thread package shouldn’t get tilted during off winding. 7) Polish rough edges, replace. Replace needle, use better quality. 8) Change to better needle or throw compressed air to cool down the needle. Fault name: Open seam or broken seam Causes: This happens due to improper handling of the parts of garments , improper setting and timing between needle and looper or hook etc. Remedies: Proper setting and timing between needle and looper or hook. Proper handling of the parts of garments.
  27. 27. 27 P a g e Fault name: Cutting hole: Causes:  Carefulness of helper during cutting sewing thread ; Remedies:  Helper should be careful during cutting extra sewing thread ;  Thread cutter should be keep in safe place; Figure: Cutting hole.
  28. 28. 28 P a g e Fault name: Oil mark. Causes: After maintenance the sewing machine it contain oil or lubrication on its out surface and during sewing it mixed with the fabric surface. Remedies: After oiling or lubrication the machine, machine should be clean with jut fabric or others. Fault name: Sewing thread shrinkage Causes:  Due to variable shrinkage % of sewing thread & fabric, Seam pucker will create after washing or ironing.  Cotton threads develop puckering when wet or after wash. Remedies:  To use synthetic thread.  To protect this, it must know about the shrinkage % of fabric & thread before selection to sew.
  29. 29. 29 P a g e Fault name: Size measurement. During manufacturing of garments size of some parts are measured as requirement. After assembling full garments is also measured so that the dimension of garments is ok. Faults occur in this time is very rare. During size measurement the parts which are measured are – 1) Chest 2) Waist 3) Shoulder 4) Sleeve length 5) Sleeve opening 6) Body length 7) Neck width 8) Front neck drop 9) Back neck drop 10) Collar Height 11) Arm hole 12) Placket length 13) Pocket length 14) Pocket width 15) Bottom part 16) Hem opening
  30. 30. 30 P a g e Chapter-03 Production Hampering due to Sewing faults
  31. 31. 31 P a g e 3.1 Fault calculation: ( Line wise) Fault analysis for one hour ( Line 15): Fault name Total production Fault product Fault percentage Skipped stitch 215 8 3.27% Seam puckering 215 3 1.39% Miss seam 215 4 1.86% Label missing 215 2 0.93% Shade variation 215 2 0.93% Total 19 9% Line- 16 Fault name Total production Fault product Fault percentage Skipped stitch 280 15 5.35% Seam puckering 280 8 2.85% Miss seam 280 12 4.28% Label missing 280 5 1.78% Shade variation 280 11 4.78% Total 51 19.04% Line 22 Fault name Total production Fault product Fault percentage Skipped stitch 235 11 4.68% Seam puckering 235 11 4.68% Miss seam 235 4 1.70% Label missing 235 2 0.85% Shade variation 235 5 2.12% Total 33 14%
  32. 32. 32 P a g e Total line: 28 Average Fault per line/hour : 19+22+15+25+18 5 = 20 pcs Total fault per hour = 20* 28 = 560 pcs. Total fault per day = 560 pcs* 10 hour = 5600 pcs. 3.2 Treatment of fault products: Spot mark removing: Average cycle time for spot removing: 1 minute 05 second per pcs. Number of spot mark garments body: 45 pcs per day Total time for spot mark removing body = 45*1 minute 05 second =49 minute.
  33. 33. 33 P a g e Alter body: Total alter body per day = 142 pcs Average time for repairing alter body = 2 minute Total time for repairing alter body = 142*2 =284 minute. 4 hour 44 minute. Total time required for fault body treatment =4 hour 44 minute + 49 minute =5 hour 33 minute 3.3Recommendation: In this 5 hour 33 minute , about 1000 garment product will more produced which is obviously more profitable for company. So everybody should be care about his job responsibility to minimize the wastage percentage .
  34. 34. 34 P a g e Chapter - 04
  35. 35. 35 P a g e CONCLUSION Finally we have completed our thesis after lots of inspection, experiment & discussion. We have gathered a large experience about this project. We have increased our knowledge about how sewing is done, problems of sewing & how those problems are minimize. This study investigated knitwear sewing process in a ready-made clothing Enterprise manufacturing men’s suit in terms of quality; in addition, the reasons increasing quality faults and the priorities were determined for the improvement studies. During data collection, the sewing faults were determined in 4.5% products. As a result, the knitwear production process was concluded statistically not under control in the enterprise. In addition, there was a statistically significant relation between the quality fault amounts. In the present study, it is established that Statistical Process Control Methods could be suggested for planning improvement studies and analyzing whether the quality is under control in a ready-made clothing enterprise. In addition, it can be suggested to prepare separate (p) control charts for all process groups contributing to fault reasons and to investigate hypothetically the effects of improvement studies on quality level. Within the scope of quality improvement studies, it could be
  36. 36. 36 P a g e recommended to make regular quality control education, to investigate permanent solutions instead of daily solutions, to keep the workers’ motivation high, and to make regular maintenance of machines. To enable a good quality system in enterprises, there should be adequate number of quality staff and the quality consciousness of workers should be increased. Quality system includes all the phases of production from the input of materials to product output, and quality standards should be created. Material quality should be controlled by performing input controls, while production quality should be provided by intermediary controls during production, and product quality should be provided by making output controls in the enterprise. Quality level should be constantly improved by using SPC methods, and for this purpose, regular trainings should be prepared in the enterprise

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