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Employee safety and health


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Employee safety and health

  1. 1. Safety and HealthManaging Human Resources
  2. 2. Strategic Importance of Workplace Safety and Health• Benefits of a Safe and Healthy Workforce:  Higher productivity  Increased efficiency and quality  Reduced medical and insurance costs  Lower workers’ compensation rates and payments  Improved reputation as an employer of choice 12–2
  3. 3. Consequences of an Unsafe and UnhealthyWork Environment• Injury and Disease • Mental Health  Back injuries are most  Psychological symptoms prevalent can affect productivity  Exposure to Chemicals and life away from work  Undetected effects, • Deaths and Violence possible long-term risk • Economic Costs 12–3
  4. 4. Workplace Safety and Health in an Integrated HRM System 12–4
  5. 5. The External Environment• Global Consideration  There are substantial differences in national standards regarding workplace safety and health.• Global Organizations  International Labour Organization (ILO)  World Health Organization (WHO)  Strengthen international and national policies.  Develop practices for improving health at work.  Promote health at work through technical assistance/support.  Develop human resources for the field of occupational health.  Establish relevant and useful registration and data systems.  Raise public awareness.  Strengthen research on occupational health. 12–5
  6. 6. Workplace Safety and Health Hazards• Occupational Accidents  Organizational Qualities  Factors most affecting workplace accidents: – Working conditions and times – Tools and technology available to do the job 12–6
  7. 7. Individual Qualities: The Unsafe Employee• Characteristics that make people more susceptible to accidents:  Emotionally “low”  Stressed 12–7
  8. 8. Violent Employees• Homicide is leading cause • Signs of potential of workplace deaths after violence: highway accidents  Verbal threats  Physical Actions  Intimidation  Show weapons  Try to gain access  Frustration  mania 12–8
  9. 9. Occupational Diseases• Disease-Causing Hazards:  Arsenic, asbestos, benzene, bichloromethylether  Coal dust, coke-oven emissions, cotton dust  Lead, radiation, vinyl chloride• Workers most likely to be exposed:  Chemical and oil refinery workers, miners, textile workers  Steelworkers, lead smelters  Medical technicians, painters, shoemakers, plastics industry workers 12–9
  10. 10. Diseases Linked to Workplace Hazards• Cancer  Liver, lung, brain, kidney• Lung Disease  White, brown, and black lung• Leukemia• Bronchitis, emphysema• Lymphoma, aplastic anemia• Central nervous system damage• Reproductive Disorders• Skin Diseases 12–10
  11. 11. Accident Prevention• Design a safe work environment  Guards, handrails  Safety goggles, helmets  Warning lights  Self-correcting mechanisms  Automatic shutoffs• Ergonomics  Change job environment to match capabilities limitations of employees 12–11
  12. 12. Accident Prevention (cont’d)• Health and Safety Committees  At the department level, do implementation and administration  At the organization level, formulate policies• Behavior Modification  Small percentage of workforce responsible for majority of health insurance claims  Measure, communicate, monitor, and reinforce desired behavior• Assessing Intervention Effectiveness 12–12
  13. 13. Disease Prevention• Reducing the Incidence of Diseases  Record keeping  Monitoring exposure  Genetic screening 12–13
  14. 14. Occupational Safety and Health Act(OSHA) of 1970• Mission of OSHA  To assure the safety and health of America’s workers by setting and enforcing standards  providing training and education  establishing partnerships with businesses  encouraging continual improvements in workplace safety and health  Coverage of employees—all nongovernmental employers and employees; state and local government employees 12–14
  15. 15. Provisions of OSHA• OSHA Standards  Apply to general industry, maritime, construction, and agriculture  Cover the workplace, machinery and equipment, material, power sources, processing, protective clothing, first aid, and administrative requirements.• Enforcement of the Act  The Secretary of Labor is authorized by the Act to conduct workplace inspections, to issue citations, and to impose penalties on employers.  Inspections are conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration of the Department of Labor. 12–15
  16. 16. Creating a Safe Work Environment Safety Motivation Safety Awareness and Knowledge Programs Elements in Creating a Safe Work Environment Accident Enforcement of Investigations Safety Rules and Records 12–16
  17. 17. Creating a Safe Work Environment (cont’d)• Promoting Safety Awareness  The Key Role of the Supervisor  Communicating the need to work safely.  Proactive Safety Training Program  First aid, defensive driving, accident prevention techniques, hazardous materials, and emergency procedures.  Information Technology and Safety Awareness and Training 12–17
  18. 18. Creating a Safe Work Environment (cont’d)• Typical Safety Rules  Using proper safety devices  Using proper work procedures  Following good housekeeping practices  Complying with accident- and injury-reporting procedures  Wearing required safety clothing and equipment  Avoiding carelessness and horseplay 12–18
  19. 19. Creating a Healthy Work Environment• Recognizing and Controlling Health Hazards Related to Hazardous Materials and Processes  Use substitutes for hazardous materials.  Alter hazardous processes and engineering controls.  Enclose or isolate hazardous processes.  Issue clothing to protect against hazards.  Improve ventilation. 12–19
  20. 20. Key Elements for a Successful Ergonomics Program• Provide notice and training for employees.• Conduct pre-injury hazard assessment.• Involve employees.• File injury reports.• Plan and execute.• Evaluate and assess the ergonomics program. 12–20
  21. 21. Workplace Violence• Reducing Violence in the Workplace  Commitment to prevent violence  Identify areas of potential violence  Develop violence prevention policies  Provide violence prevention training  Evaluate program effectiveness 12–21
  22. 22. Building Better Health Alternative Wellness Programs Approaches Health Services Focus on Nutrition 12–22
  23. 23. Employee Health• Cleanliness ( sewerage and sanitation)• Air ventilation and temperature (maximum 25 – 30 degree Celsius) Cross ventilation, required no of fans and exhaust fans Thermometer kept in visible place• Dust Sucker, Mask• Lighting• Safe drinking water Minimum 4 ltr per day Min 6 mtr away from toilets Water cooler ( 250 employees and more) 3 ltr saline water if needed Toilets one / 25 (female) up to first 500 one / 40 (male) up to first 500 12–23
  24. 24. Employee Safety• Safety of building equipment and other infrastructure• Fire fighting and safety ( emergency door, 2 per room, emergency staircase)• Fire fighting equipment• Safety against electrical wearing and connections• Crane and lift etc• Turbine 12–24