Online portfolio

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Online Portfolio by Rukiya Abrahams.

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Online portfolio

  1. 1. “PORTFOLIO” LETTERS TO EMPLOYERSRUKIYA ABRAHAMS 210032502
  2. 2. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “SUMMARY OF DRAWINGS”
  3. 3. “ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS: ANSWERED” “IN THE OFFICE”DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS DRAWING REFERENCE SYSTEM EXTERNAL PROJECT FOLDER: HARDRIVE: Eg. “Van Schoor THE AUTOCAD We store all our Plans” (Folders FILE: projects on an named according Eg. “Van Schoor external to client’s Plans.dwg” file hardrive. surnames The company doesn’t have any form of media advertisement, however, it is advertised via ‘word-of-mouth’, via business cards, or referrals by clients. Most of the work we source is from around the area he lives. a) Currently it’s only Mr Lamb and I in this company. Originally he had worked alone for many years. I was the first student to work under him. He was my high school Civil Technology educator. When I finished my first year of studies I started working for him (as he also had his own practice as an architectural technologist) b) Mr Lamb generally sources all of the work. He also does his own admin work and handles the clients. He also does the draught work of projects. My job is basically to assist and draught up projects. In some cases I assist with the designing and admin work. c) Clients report to Mr Lamb and he then briefs the project to me. We would either work together on one project, where discussion would happen throughout the whole project, or he would send me home with a project to finish and he would tweak it after. d) In general, Mr Lamb is responsible for handling the clients. He briefs me on what the client wants. Then we work on the draughting together. In certain cases he will involve me with the admin work such as council submission forms.
  4. 4. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “ABRAHAMS’ PLANS”
  5. 5. “ABRAHAMS’ PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be scrutinized area and where things are to be positioned. Section lines are also to be drawn by the different departments. The people in these respective departments will on the plan, which are to be referred to when “viewing/ reading” the sectional then check and investigate if all the information on this page is correct to their drawings. Dotted lines are to indicate any demolished work and a different set regulations. of dotted or dashed lines are to indicate lintels. All existing components of the • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information house, when printed, are indicated by colouring them in black. It is optional to on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is show the window and door schedule codes – the other option is to indicate used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. them on the elevations. • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This Detailed drawings (details W, R, D) are mainly for construction purposes. This indicates document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to exactly how the structure will be built, exact sizes (to a set scale), materials scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might that are used, fixatives to be used, dimensions – regarding timber spacing, etc. change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information These should be referred back to the ground floor plan, as it indicates the and drawings must remain the same. position of the detail. • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: Specifications are for construction requirements. It indicates in theory what, where or – SITE PLAN how a component of the building should be constructed. And if anything had been omitted visually, it should be referred to in the specifications. – GROUND FLOOR PLAN The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are – DETAILED DRAWINGS produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the – SPECIFICATIONS owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state The site plan and ground floor plan had been merged. However in some cases it is what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed separated. In this case it had been merged to save space and the overall extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact amount of pages used. This information had been prepared on an A3 page. address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans Generally, the information on the site plan MUST contain – as seen here – a north are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make point (shows where and how the house is orientated), boundary lines(and its it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be dimensions), building lines (and its dimensions – these dimensions are to produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration indicate to council exactly what land, in relation to the surrounding number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of properties, belongs to the owner and where there are restrictions for them to drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing build), it should show buildings or components already exist on the site. was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the address However it is shown by colour – when the plan is printed – (i.e. existing and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready to be components on the common drawn site plan is not coloured in). Information submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is recorded as a also to be included on the drawing is the drawing title, erf legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made or number, address, distance to nearest crossing (road), drainage plan, boundary checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them to walls, distance of offset from the house to the boundary, carriage-way-crossing collect and do so. indicated, the position of the building. The ground floor plan was drawn with the site plan to save paper space. On a general ground floor plan, and as shown here, the drawing must contain the layout of al the rooms, names of the rooms, the floor coverings, the area of the rooms, sufficient dimensions of all room and wall (including boundary walls) widths and lengths – so that the reader himself can also work out the room
  6. 6. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “ABRAHAMS’ PLANS”
  7. 7. “ABRAHAMS’ PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be scrutinized how the structure will be built, exact sizes (to a set scale), materials that are by the different departments. The people in these respective departments will used, fixatives to be used, dimensions – regarding spacing, etc. These should be then check and investigate if all the information on this page is correct to their referred back to the first floor plan, as it indicates the position of the detail. regulations. A section, as seen here, is a drawing which illustrates a structure being “cut” • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information on through, in elevation. The cut is situated, referring back to the to the floor the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is used plans, where the “cutting” / section lines are drawn. The sections are titled during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. according to the section lines (i.e. “Section A-A”). The section illustrates how • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This exactly the structure is constructed (visually and textually). The text (as referred document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to to by annotations) helps explain/ elaborate on the visual components. The scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might section shows the foundations (and its dimensions), The walls – external an change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information internal(with annotation to its dimensions). From the section, we obtain the and drawings must remain the same. heights of the different levels of the house (i.e. the ground floor level, ceiling • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: level, roof level, etc.) A section usually “cuts” through the window/ door, the floor (compact fill, concrete slab, screed – which is annotated to explain its – DRAWING TITLE AND SCALE components), the rooms, room names and dimensions, the roof structure and – FIRST FLOOR PLAN its slope. – SITE COVERAGE Specifications are for construction requirements. It indicates in theory what, where or – DETAILED DRAWINGS how a component of the building should be constructed. And if anything had – SECTIION been omitted visually, it should be referred to in the specifications. – SPECIFICATIONS The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to indicate what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the actual extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. A address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and legible are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make to the reader. it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be On a general first floor plan, and as shown here, the drawing must contain the layout of produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration al the rooms, names of the rooms, the floor coverings, the area of the number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of rooms, sufficient dimensions of all room and wall widths and lengths – so that drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing the reader himself can also work out the room area and where things are to be was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the address positioned. Section lines are also to be drawn on the plan (to match up with the and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready to be ground floor sectional lines), which are to be referred to when “viewing/ submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is recorded as a reading” the sectional drawings. It is optional to show the window and door legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made or schedule codes – the other option is to indicate them on the elevations. checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them to The site coverage, basically, tells the reader what percentage of the site is built on. collect and do so. According to council regulations, the maximum site coverage is 50%. However, if the owner maxes out their coverage allowance, there would normally be a specific “departure” fee they should pay so the plans could be approved. The site coverage list includes the area of the site, the total area of all the components together, and thereafter, the calculated percentage of what land has been covered (built on). Detailed drawings (detail x) is mainly for construction purposes. This indicates exactly
  8. 8. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “ABRAHAMS’ PLANS”
  9. 9. “ABRAHAMS’ PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be depends on the orientation of the house (e.g. East elevation – means it’s scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective facing the east direction). The elevation should contain the position of the departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page NGL (natural ground level), the position of the ground floor level (indicated on is correct to their regulations. the drawing by “GFL”), the first floor level (indicated on the drawing by • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information “FFL”), the position of the roof (since it is a parapet roof – in the drawing – the on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is roof position is indicated by a dashed line), it should indicate the wall finish used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. (e.g. plastered & painted or face-brick, etc.). The elevation is usually produced • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This from the sections and plan to obtain the heights and positions of components document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to (e.g. such as window positions, or floor levels). scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might Specifications are for construction requirements. It indicates in theory what, where or change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information how a component of the building should be constructed. And if anything had and drawings must remain the same. been omitted visually, it should be referred to in the specifications. • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state – SECTIION the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state – ELEVATIONS what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed – SPECIFICATIONS extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the legible to the reader. address and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready A section, as seen here, is a drawing which illustrates a structure being “cut” to be submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is through, in elevation. The cut is situated, referring back to the to the floor recorded as a legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made plans, where the “cutting” / section lines are drawn. The sections are titled or checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them according to the section lines (i.e. “Section A-A”). The section illustrates how to collect and do so. exactly the structure is constructed (visually and textually). The text (as referred to by annotations) helps explain/ elaborate on the visual components. The section shows the foundations (and its dimensions), The walls – external an internal(with annotation to its dimensions). From the section, we obtain the heights of the different levels of the house (i.e. the ground floor level, ceiling level, roof level, etc.) A section usually “cuts” through the window/ door, the floor (compact fill, concrete slab, screed – which is annotated to explain its components), the rooms, room names and dimensions, the roof structure and its slope. An elevation is a view of the house from its exterior. The title of the elevation
  10. 10. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “ABRAHAMS’ PLANS”
  11. 11. “ABRAHAMS’ PLANS” 7 REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be “FFL”), the position of the roof (since it is a parapet roof – in the drawing – the scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective roof position is indicated by a dashed line), it should indicate the wall finish departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page (e.g. plastered & painted or face-brick, etc.). The elevation is usually produced is correct to their regulations. from the sections and plan to obtain the heights and positions of components • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information (e.g. such as window positions, or floor levels). on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact and drawings must remain the same. address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration – DRAINAGE SECTIION number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of – ELEVATIONS drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the address and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready to be submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to recorded as a legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the or checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. to collect and do so. A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and legible to the reader. The drainage section is a drawing which explains how all the drainage connections work in the building and how it runs out of the building – to a main (municipal) connection. The section is always taken from the plan to plot out distances and positions of connections. Here you will calculate exactly how far rodding eyes (RE), inspection chambers (IC), manholes (MH) are apart from each other, how deep they are, it states the slope the underground pipe is running at and the diameter and the material its made from. The calculations are mainly to obtain the depths and invert levels. Distances are measured on site and plotted on plan, and thereafter, plotted to the section. An elevation is a view of the house from its exterior. The title of the elevation depends on the orientation of the house (e.g. East elevation – means it’s facing the east direction). The elevation should contain the position of the NGL (natural ground level), the position of the ground floor level (indicated on the drawing by “GFL”), the first floor level (indicated on the drawing by
  12. 12. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “DE ARAUJO PLANS”
  13. 13. “DE ARAUJO PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be al the rooms, names of the rooms, the floor coverings, the area of the scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective rooms, sufficient dimensions of all room and wall (including boundary walls) departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page widths and lengths – so that the reader himself can also work out the room is correct to their regulations. area and where things are to be positioned. Section lines are also to be drawn • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information on the plan, which are to be referred to when “viewing/ reading” the on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is sectional drawings. Dotted lines are to indicate any demolished work and a used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. different set of dotted or dashed lines are to indicate lintels. All existing • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This components of the house, when printed, are indicated by colouring them in document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to black. It is optional to show the window and door schedule codes – the other scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might option is to indicate them on the elevations. change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information Specifications are for construction requirements. It indicates in theory what, where or and drawings must remain the same. how a component of the building should be constructed. And if anything had • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: been omitted visually, it should be referred to in the specifications. – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES The site coverage, basically, tells the reader what percentage of the site is built on. According to council regulations, the maximum site coverage is 50%. – SITE PLAN However, if the owner maxes out their coverage allowance, there would – GROUND FLOOR PLAN normally be a specific “departure” fee they should pay so the plans could be – SPECIFICATIONS approved. The site coverage list includes the area of the site, the total area of – SITE COVERAGE all the components together, and thereafter, the calculated percentage of what land has been covered (built on). – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed legible to the reader. extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact The site plan and ground floor plan had been merged. However in some cases it is address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans separated. In this case it had been merged to save space and the overall are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make amount of pages used. This information had been prepared on an A3 page. it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be Generally, the information on the site plan MUST contain – as seen here – a north produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration point (shows where and how the house is orientated), boundary lines(and its number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of dimensions), building lines (and its dimensions – these dimensions are to drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing indicate to council exactly what land, in relation to the surrounding was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the properties, belongs to the owner and where there are restrictions for them to address and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready build), it should show buildings or components already exist on the site. to be submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is However it is shown by colour – when the plan is printed – (i.e. existing recorded as a legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made components on the common drawn site plan is not coloured in). Information or checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them also to be included on the drawing is the drawing title, erf to collect and do so. number, address, distance to nearest crossing (road), drainage plan, boundary walls, distance of offset from the house to the boundary, carriage-way- crossing indicated, the position of the building. The ground floor plan was drawn with the site plan to save paper space. On a general ground floor plan, and as shown here, the drawing must contain the layout of
  14. 14. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “DE ARAUJO PLANS”
  15. 15. “DE ARAUJO PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be exactly the structure is constructed (visually and textually). The text (as scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective referred to by annotations) helps explain/ elaborate on the visual departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page components. The section shows the foundations (and its dimensions), The is correct to their regulations. walls – external an internal(with annotation to its dimensions). From the • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information section, we obtain the heights of the different levels of the house (i.e. the on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is ground floor level, ceiling level, roof level, etc.) A section usually “cuts” used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. through the window/ door, the floor (compact fill, concrete slab, screed – • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This which is annotated to explain its components), the rooms, room names and document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to dimensions, the roof structure and its slope. scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might Detailed drawings (detail R, D, W) is mainly for construction purposes. This indicates change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information exactly how the structure will be built, exact sizes (to a set scale), materials and drawings must remain the same. that are used, fixatives to be used, dimensions – regarding spacing, etc. These • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: should be referred back to the first floor plan, as it indicates the position of the detail. – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are – ELEVATIONS produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the – SECTIONS owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state – DETAILED DRAWINGS the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be legible to the reader. produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of An elevation is a view of the house from its exterior. The title of the elevation drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing depends on the orientation of the house (e.g. East elevation – means it’s was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the facing the east direction). The elevation should contain the position of the address and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready NGL (natural ground level), the position of the ground floor level (indicated on to be submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is the drawing by “GFL”), the first floor level (indicated on the drawing by recorded as a legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made “FFL”), the position of the roof (since it is a parapet roof – in the drawing – the or checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them roof position is indicated by a dashed line), it should indicate the wall finish to collect and do so. (e.g. plastered & painted or face-brick, etc.). The elevation is usually produced from the sections and plan to obtain the heights and positions of components (e.g. such as window positions, or floor levels). A section, as seen here, is a drawing which illustrates a structure being “cut” through, in elevation. The cut is situated, referring back to the to the floor plans, where the “cutting” / section lines are drawn. The sections are titled according to the section lines (i.e. “Section A-A”). The section illustrates how
  16. 16. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “ELLIS PLANS”
  17. 17. “ELLIS PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be al the rooms, names of the rooms, the floor coverings, the area of the scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective rooms, sufficient dimensions of all room and wall (including boundary walls) departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page widths and lengths – so that the reader himself can also work out the room is correct to their regulations. area and where things are to be positioned. Section lines are also to be drawn • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information on the plan, which are to be referred to when “viewing/ reading” the sectional on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is drawings. Dotted lines are to indicate any demolished work and a different set used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. of dotted or dashed lines are to indicate lintels. All existing components of the • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This house, when printed, are indicated by colouring them in black. It is optional to document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to show the window and door schedule codes – the other option is to indicate scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might them on the elevations. change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information Specifications are for construction requirements. It indicates in theory what, where or and drawings must remain the same. how a component of the building should be constructed. And if anything had • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: been omitted visually, it should be referred to in the specifications. – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES The site coverage, basically, tells the reader what percentage of the site is built on. According to council regulations, the maximum site coverage is 50%. – SITE PLAN However, if the owner maxes out their coverage allowance, there would – GROUND FLOOR PLAN normally be a specific “departure” fee they should pay so the plans could be – SPECIFICATIONS approved. The site coverage list includes the area of the site, the total area of – SITE COVERAGE all the components together, and thereafter, the calculated percentage of what land has been covered (built on). – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact legible to the reader. address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans The site plan and ground floor plan had been merged. However in some cases it is are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make separated. In this case it had been merged to save space and the overall it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be amount of pages used. This information had been prepared on an A3 page. produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration Generally, the information on the site plan MUST contain – as seen here – a north number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of point (shows where and how the house is orientated), boundary lines(and its drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing dimensions), building lines (and its dimensions – these dimensions are to was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the address indicate to council exactly what land, in relation to the surrounding and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready to be properties, belongs to the owner and where there are restrictions for them to submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is recorded as a build), it should show buildings or components already exist on the site. legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made or However it is shown by colour – when the plan is printed – (i.e. existing checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them to components on the common drawn site plan is not coloured in). Information collect and do so. also to be included on the drawing is the drawing title, erf number, address, distance to nearest crossing (road), drainage plan, boundary walls, distance of offset from the house to the boundary, carriage-way-crossing indicated, the position of the building. The ground floor plan was drawn with the site plan to save paper space. On a general ground floor plan, and as shown here, the drawing must contain the layout of
  18. 18. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “ELLIS PLANS”
  19. 19. “ELLIS PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be “FFL”), the position of the roof (since it is a parapet roof – in the drawing – the scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective roof position is indicated by a dashed line), it should indicate the wall finish departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page (e.g. plastered & painted or face-brick, etc.). The elevation is usually produced is correct to their regulations. from the sections and plan to obtain the heights and positions of components • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information (e.g. such as window positions, or floor levels). on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is A section, as seen here, is a drawing which illustrates a structure being “cut” used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. through, in elevation. The cut is situated, referring back to the to the floor • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This plans, where the “cutting” / section lines are drawn. The sections are titled document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to according to the section lines (i.e. “Section A-A”). The section illustrates how scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might exactly the structure is constructed (visually and textually). The text (as change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information referred to by annotations) helps explain/ elaborate on the visual and drawings must remain the same. components. The section shows the foundations (and its dimensions), The • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: walls – external an internal(with annotation to its dimensions). From the section, we obtain the heights of the different levels of the house (i.e. the – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES ground floor level, ceiling level, roof level, etc.) A section usually “cuts” – DRAINAGE SECTIION through the window/ door, the floor (compact fill, concrete slab, screed – – ELEVATIONS which is annotated to explain its components), the rooms, room names and – SECTION dimensions, the roof structure and its slope. – SPECIFICATIONS Specifications are for construction requirements. It indicates in theory what, where or – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST how a component of the building should be constructed. And if anything had been omitted visually, it should be referred to in the specifications. The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state legible to the reader. the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed The drainage section is a drawing which explains how all the drainage connections extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact work in the building and how it runs out of the building – to a main address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans (municipal) connection. The section is always taken from the plan to plot out are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make distances and positions of connections. Here you will calculate exactly how far it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be rodding eyes (RE), inspection chambers (IC), manholes (MH) are apart from produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration each other, how deep they are, it states the slope the underground pipe is number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of running at and the diameter and the material its made from. The calculations drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing are mainly to obtain the depths and invert levels. Distances are measured on was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the site and plotted on plan, and thereafter, plotted to the section. address and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready An elevation is a view of the house from its exterior. The title of the elevation to be submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is depends on the orientation of the house (e.g. East elevation – means it’s recorded as a legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made facing the east direction). The elevation should contain the position of the or checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them NGL (natural ground level), the position of the ground floor level (indicated on to collect and do so. the drawing by “GFL”), the first floor level (indicated on the drawing by
  20. 20. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “LAMB PLANS”
  21. 21. “LAMB PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be the rooms, sufficient dimensions of all room and wall (including boundary scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective walls) widths and lengths – so that the reader himself can also work out the departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page room area and where things are to be positioned. Section lines are also to be is correct to their regulations. drawn on the plan, which are to be referred to when “viewing/ reading” the • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information sectional drawings. Dotted lines are to indicate any demolished work and a on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is different set of dotted or dashed lines are to indicate lintels. All existing used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. components of the house, when printed, are indicated by colouring them in • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This black. It is optional to show the window and door schedule codes – the other document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to option is to indicate them on the elevations. scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might Specifications are for construction requirements. It indicates in theory what, where or change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information how a component of the building should be constructed. And if anything had and drawings must remain the same. been omitted visually, it should be referred to in the specifications. • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state – SITE PLAN the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state – GROUND FLOOR PLAN what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed – SPECIFICATIONS extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of legible to the reader. drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the Generally, the information on the site plan MUST contain – as seen here – a north address and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready point (shows where and how the house is orientated), boundary lines(and its to be submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is dimensions), building lines (and its dimensions – these dimensions are to recorded as a legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made indicate to council exactly what land, in relation to the surrounding or checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them properties, belongs to the owner and where there are restrictions for them to to collect and do so. build), it should show buildings or components already exist on the site. However it is shown by colour – when the plan is printed – (i.e. existing components on the common drawn site plan is not coloured in). Information also to be included on the drawing is the drawing title, erf number, address, distance to nearest crossing (road), drainage plan, boundary walls, distance of offset from the house to the boundary, carriage-way- crossing indicated, the position of the building. On a general ground floor plan, and as shown here, the drawing must contain the layout of al the rooms, names of the rooms, the floor coverings, the area of
  22. 22. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “LAMB PLANS”
  23. 23. “LAMB PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be scrutinized level, roof level, etc.) A section usually “cuts” through the window/ door, the by the different departments. The people in these respective departments will floor (compact fill, concrete slab, screed – which is annotated to explain its then check and investigate if all the information on this page is correct to their components), the rooms, room names and dimensions, the roof structure and regulations. its slope. • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information on Specifications are for construction requirements. It indicates in theory what, where or the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is used how a component of the building should be constructed. And if anything had during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. been omitted visually, it should be referred to in the specifications. • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This The site coverage, basically, tells the reader what percentage of the site is built on. document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to According to council regulations, the maximum site coverage is 50%. scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might However, if the owner maxes out their coverage allowance, there would change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information normally be a specific “departure” fee they should pay so the plans could be and drawings must remain the same. approved. The site coverage list includes the area of the site, the total area of • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: all the components together, and thereafter, the calculated percentage of what – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES land has been covered (built on). – ELEVATIONS The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the – SECTIONS owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state – SPECIFICATIONS the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state – SITE COVERAGE what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to indicate are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the actual it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. A produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and legible number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of to the reader. drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing An elevation is a view of the house from its exterior. The title of the elevation depends was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the address on the orientation of the house (e.g. East elevation – means it’s facing the east and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready to be direction). The elevation should contain the position of the NGL (natural ground submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is recorded as a level), the position of the ground floor level (indicated on the drawing by legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made or “GFL”), the first floor level (indicated on the drawing by “FFL”), the position of checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them to the roof (since it is a parapet roof – in the drawing – the roof position is collect and do so. indicated by a dashed line), it should indicate the wall finish (e.g. plastered & painted or face-brick, etc.). The elevation is usually produced from the sections and plan to obtain the heights and positions of components (e.g. such as window positions, or floor levels). A section, as seen here, is a drawing which illustrates a structure being “cut” through, in elevation. The cut is situated, referring back to the to the floor plans, where the “cutting” / section lines are drawn. The sections are titled according to the section lines (i.e. “Section A-A”). The section illustrates how exactly the structure is constructed (visually and textually). The text (as referred to by annotations) helps explain/ elaborate on the visual components. The section shows the foundations (and its dimensions), The walls – external an internal(with annotation to its dimensions). From the section, we obtain the heights of the different levels of the house (i.e. the ground floor level, ceiling
  24. 24. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “BOOTH PLANS”
  25. 25. “BOOTH PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state is correct to their regulations. the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of and drawings must remain the same. drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: address and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES to be submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is – SITE PLAN recorded as a legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made – SPECIFICATIONS or checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST to collect and do so. The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and legible to the reader. Generally, the information on the site plan MUST contain – as seen here – a north point (shows where and how the house is orientated), boundary lines(and its dimensions), building lines (and its dimensions – these dimensions are to indicate to council exactly what land, in relation to the surrounding properties, belongs to the owner and where there are restrictions for them to build), it should show buildings or components already exist on the site. However it is shown by colour – when the plan is printed – (i.e. existing components on the common drawn site plan is not coloured in). Information also to be included on the drawing is the drawing title, erf number, address, distance to nearest crossing (road), drainage plan, boundary walls, distance of offset from the house to the boundary, carriage-way- crossing indicated, the position of the building. Specifications are for construction requirements. It indicates in theory what, where or how a component of the building should be constructed. And if anything had been omitted visually, it should be referred to in the specifications.
  26. 26. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “BOOTH PLANS”
  27. 27. “BOOTH PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make is correct to their regulations. it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to address and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might to be submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information recorded as a legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made and drawings must remain the same. or checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them to collect and do so. • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES – GROUND FLOOR PLAN – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and legible to the reader. On a general ground floor plan, and as shown here, the drawing must contain the layout of al the rooms, names of the rooms, the floor coverings, the area of the rooms, sufficient dimensions of all room and wall (including boundary walls) widths and lengths – so that the reader himself can also work out the room area and where things are to be positioned. Section lines are also to be drawn on the plan, which are to be referred to when “viewing/ reading” the sectional drawings. Dotted lines are to indicate any demolished work and a different set of dotted or dashed lines are to indicate lintels. All existing components of the house, when printed, are indicated by colouring them in black. It is optional to show the window and door schedule codes – the other option is to indicate them on the elevations. The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed
  28. 28. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “BOOTH PLANS”
  29. 29. “BOOTH PLANS” REVIEWDANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS • This is a drawing prepared for the local authority, where it has to be be referred back to the first floor plan, as it indicates the position of the scrutinized by the different departments. The people in these respective detail. departments will then check and investigate if all the information on this page The retaining wall plan is drawn to a scale of 1:50 (i.e. every millimeter is equal to is correct to their regulations. 50mm). The plan shows how the retaining wall is built – a skin of brickwork, a • The drawing serves a purpose of a formal legal document of the information skin of concrete and a skin of face-brick. It also gives dimensions to the pier on the client’s property/ site, and all that is being built and how or what is sizes and the spaces between them. It also shows where a section of the used during the construction - which is hereby produced to the local council. retaining wall is “cut” through (which should be referred to the sections B-B • Preferably, this document should not be produced in another way. This and C-C on page 6 of the booth plans). document has to be as presentable and legible as possible, for the council to The area in which the details of the client and architectural technologist are scrutinize. The layout of this drawing and information might produced, we usually refer to as the “title block”. The details of the client (the change, depending on the architect at work. However, the type of information owner of the site/ house) has to be produced in this document. It should state and drawings must remain the same. the client/s’ name/ initials and surname. Also, in the title block, it should state • THIS SPECIFIC PAGE OF INFORMATION CONTAINS: what has been designed and drawn up for them (e.g. Proposed – DRAWING TITLES AND SCALES extension), their erf number (the property/ site number/ code) and the exact address. No contact details to the client has to be produced. When the plans – FIRST FLOOR PLAN are ready to be submitted, the client should print their signature on it to make – DETAILED DRAWINGS it an official/ legal document. The architectural technologist’s details MUST be – RETAINING WALL PLAN produced. It has to state their name/ company name, their registration – DETAILS OF CLIENT AND ARCHITECTECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST number, the drawing number (the drawing number indicates the number of drawings done to date for the year), the drawing date (date when the drawing was complete) and further contact details (the telephone number, the The drawing title and scale of the drawing should be legible and clear. This is to address and/ or email address). When this document is produced and ready indicate to the reader exactly what the drawing is and how scale relates to the to be submitted, the architectural technologist should sign it, then it is actual sizes. The drawings MUST be to an appropriate scale, also for legibility. recorded as a legal/ official document. If there are any corrections to be made A drawing title should also be in a larger bolder text so that it is clear and or checked, the council should contact the architectural technologist for them legible to the reader. to collect and do so. On a general first floor plan, and as shown here, the drawing must contain the layout of al the rooms, names of the rooms, the floor coverings, the area of the rooms, sufficient dimensions of all room and wall widths and lengths – so that the reader himself can also work out the room area and where things are to be positioned. Section lines are also to be drawn on the plan (to match up with the ground floor sectional lines), which are to be referred to when “viewing/ reading” the sectional drawings. It is optional to show the window and door schedule codes – the other option is to indicate them on the elevations. Detailed drawings (detail K) is mainly for construction purposes. This indicates exactly how the structure will be built, exact sizes (to a set scale), materials that are used, fixatives to be used, dimensions – regarding spacing, etc. These should
  30. 30. DANIEL LAMB HOME DESIGNS “BOOTH PLANS”

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