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Vinhos em 2017 ppt-en-40thoivcongress-bulgaria (1)

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relatório da organização do vinho 2017

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Vinhos em 2017 ppt-en-40thoivcongress-bulgaria (1)

  1. 1. World vitiviniculture situation  Surface area  Grape − Global grape production − Table and dried grapes  Wine − Production − Consumption − Trade  2017 OIV Focus: Vine varietal distribution in the world 2
  2. 2. Global area under vines
  3. 3. 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 million of ha Area under vines in the world* 5 countries represent 50% of world vineyard 7.5 mha in 2016 Spain 13% China 11% France 10%Italy 9% Turkey 6% Rest of the world 50% *Area under vines destined for the production of wine grapes, table grapes or dried grapes, in production or awaiting production. -4% since 2000
  4. 4. 223 214 191 190 148 140 130 120 105 102 85 69 68 67 63 48 46 39 0 100 200 300 400 thousand ha Area under vines* *Area under vines destined for the production of wine grapes, table grapes or dried grapes, in production or awaiting production. Trends, 2000-2016 Since 2000 area under vines is:  decreasing in most of the european countries, Turkey and Iran  increasing in China, India, Chile and New Zealand  stable in the USA and in the last year in Spain and France 975 847 785 690 480 443 0 400 800 1200 thousand ha
  5. 5. Grape
  6. 6. Major grapes producers: all use Since 2000:  Growth in grapes production is particularly significant in China, India, Uzbekistan and Chile  Is decreasing in Italy, France, Spain and Iran 14.6 7.9 7.1 6.4 6.0 4.0 2.6 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.1 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 million of tons Trends, 2000-2016
  7. 7. GrapeMajor grape producers by type of products*
  8. 8. Grape What happens to the 77 million tons of grapes grown in the word? (2015)
  9. 9. Table grapes production 27 million of tons in 2014 + 71% since 2000 China is a major contributor to the growth of world production. Between 2000 and 2014, table grape production in China grew by more than 80%. 3 countries produce 50% China 34% India 8% Turkey 8%
  10. 10. Table grapes consumption 27 million of tons in 2014 + 73% since 2000 This is mainly due to the fact that grapes are a fragile and highly perishable product and they are most likely to be consumed close to where they are produced. Asian countries also lead the world in table grape consumption China 37% India 7% Turkey 7% Egypt 5% Iran 4%USA 4%
  11. 11. 2 3 4 5 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 million of tons  Trade of grapes is growing thanks to progress made in cultivation and storage techniques: increased by about 50% over the past 15 years, reaching 4.2 million tonnes in 2014 + 50% since 2000  Growth was particularly driven by the emergence of new players in table grape trade, such as South Africa and Peru Table Grapes export 4.2 million tons: the world export in 2014
  12. 12. Dried grapes production 1.5 million tonsin 2014 +10% since 2000 Turkey and USA dominate global dried grapes production USA 21% Turkey 28% Iran 13% China 12% Chile 6%
  13. 13. Dried grapes consumption 1.6 million tonsin 2014 +17% since 2000 USA 13% Turkey 13% USA and Turkey are the leading domestic markets, accounting for one quarter of global consumption Iran 6% China 10% India 2% Although Europe is only a minor producer, it accounts for 33% of world consumption UK 7% Germany 4% Greece 2% Netherlands 3%
  14. 14. 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 thousand of tons More than 1 million of tons in 2014 Dried grape is the most heavily traded product in the sector (63% of total consumption):  Turkey is the largest exporter of raisins with more than half of local production exported  the EU is the leading importer market  India and China are major producers, but not yet major exporters Dried Grapes export +27% since 2000
  15. 15. Wine production
  16. 16.  2016 world wine production (excluding juice & musts) decreased by 3% compared with the previous year  unfavourable climate conditions weighed on productions in different countries World wine production 267 mhl in 2016 -4% since 2000 279 265 257 264 298 278 283 268 269 273 264 268 258 290 270 276 267 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Forecast 2016 million of hl
  17. 17. Wine production in 2016
  18. 18. Wine production excluding juice and musts mhl 2012 2013 2014 2015 Forecast 2016 2016/2015 Variation in volume 2016/2015 Variation in % 1 Italy 45.6 54.0 44.2 50.0 50.9 0.9 2% 2 France 41.5 42.1 46.5 47.0 43.5 3.9 -7% 3 Spain 31.1 45.3 39.5 37.7 39.3 13.2 4% 4 USA 21.7 24.4 23.1 21.7 23.9 29.2 10% 5 Australia 12.3 12.3 11.9 11.9 13.0 39.0 9% 6 China 13.5 11.8 11.6 11.5 11.4 39.4 -1% 7 South Africa 10.6 11.0 11.5 11.2 10.5 39.7 -6% 8 Chile 12.6 12.8 10.0 12.9 10.1 38.1 -21% 9 Argentina 11.8 15.0 15.2 13.4 9.4 37.6 -29% 10 Germany 9.0 8.4 9.2 8.9 9.0 42.0 1% 11 Portugal 6.3 6.2 6.2 7.0 6.0 43.9 -15% 12 Russia 6.2 5.3 4.9 5.6 5.6 45.3 0% 13 Romania 3.3 5.1 3.7 3.5 3.3 47.4 -8% 14 New Zealand 1.9 2.5 3.2 2.3 3.1 48.6 34% 15 Greece 3.1 3.3 2.8 2.5 2.6 48.4 2% 16 Serbia 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 48.6 0% 17 Austria 2.1 2.4 2.0 2.3 2.0 48.7 -14% 18 Hungary 1.8 2.6 2.6 3.0 1.9 47.9 -38% 19 Moldova 1.5 2.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 49.2 0% 20 Brazil 3.0 2.7 2.7 3.5 1.6 47.4 -55% 21 Bulgaria 1.3 1.7 0.7 1.3 1.2 49.6 -8% 22 Georgia 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.1 49.6 -16% 23 Switzerland 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 50.1 18% World total 258 290 270 276 267 -9 -3%
  19. 19. Wine Consumption
  20. 20. Since the beginning of the economic and financial crisis of 2008, global consumption seems to have stabilized: wine consumption stood at 241 mhl in 2016 World wine consumption 23 241 mhl in 2016 +7% since 2000
  21. 21. Wine consumption in the world 5 countries consume almost half of the wine of the world USA 13% France 11% Italy 9% Germany 8% China 7% During the past 10 years consumption decreased especially in the traditional wine countries
  22. 22. Wine consumption in the world 5 countries consume half of the wine of the world
  23. 23. Wine consumption  USA confirmed its position as the biggest global consumer country since 2011 (31.8 mhl)  Slightly increase in Italy (22.5 mhl) and in China (17.3 mhl)  Consumption is stable in France (27.0 mhl), Spain (9.9 mhl) and Russia (9.3 mhl) 31.8 27.0 22.5 19.5 17.3 12.9 9.9 9.4 9.3 5.4 0 10 20 30 40 million of hl Major wine consumers Trends 2000-2016
  24. 24. Main wine- consuming countries * Apparent consumption calculated by "Production + Imports - Exports" mhl 2012 2013 2014 2015 Forecast 2016 2016/2015 Variation in volume 2016/2015 Variation in % 1 USA 30.0 30.2 30.4 31.0 31.8 0.8 2.5% 2 France 28.0 27.8 27.5 27.2 27.0 -0.2 -0.7% 3 Italy 21.6 20.8 19.5 21.4 22.5 1.1 5.3% 4 Germany 20.3 20.4 20.2 19.6 19.5 -0.1 -0.5% 5 China* 17.1 16.5 15.5 16.2 17.3 1.1 6.9% 6 UK 12.8 12.7 12.6 12.7 12.9 0.2 1.4% 7 Spain 9.9 9.8 9.9 10.0 9.9 0.0 -0.4% 8 Argentina 10.1 10.4 9.9 10.3 9.4 -0.9 -8.3% 9 Russia 11.3 10.4 9.6 9.3 9.3 0.0 0.3% 10 Australia 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4 0.1 2.4% 11 Canada 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.9 5.0 0.1 3.1% 12 Portugal 5.0 4.2 4.3 4.8 4.6 -0.2 -4.6% 13 South Africa 3.6 3.7 4.0 4.2 4.4 0.1 3.1% 14 Romania 4.3 4.6 4.7 3.9 3.8 -0.2 -4.5% 15 Japan 3.1 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 0.0 -0.3% 16 Netherlands 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 -0.1 -2.3% 17 Belgium 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.0 0.0 1.1% 18 Brazil 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.3 2.9 -0.4 -12.0% 19 Switzerland 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.8 -0.1 -1.8% 20 Austria 2.7 2.8 3.0 2.4 2.4 0.0 2.0% 21 Serbia 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 0.0 -0.9% 22 Sweden 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 -0.1 -3.3% 23 Greece 3.1 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.3 -0.1 -4.4% 24 Chile 3.2 2.9 3.0 2.1 2.2 0.1 4.8% 25 Hungary 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.2 1.9 -0.3 -12.7% 26 Denmark 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.0% 27 Croatia 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2 0.1 6.7% 28 Poland 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.1 4.9% 29 Bulgaria 1.0 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.4% World total 244 242 239 240 241 1.0 0.4%
  25. 25. 1.4 2.0 3.2 7.8 11.0 11.9 14.7 16.2 23.9 23.9 24.5 25.4 25.7 26.4 27.0 27.8 29.6 31.6 31.6 32.4 40.3 41.5 51.8 54.0 0 20 40 60 China Brazil Japan Russia South Africa USA Chile Canada UK Romania Netherlands Spain Greece Hungary Australia Germany Sweden Belgium Argentina Austria Switzerland Italy France Portugal Per capita litres per person* Wine consumption 2015 * UN database Population 15+ years 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.9 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.9 4.2 4.8 4.9 5.3 9.3 10.0 10.3 12.7 16.2 19.6 21.4 27.2 31.0 0 20 40 Chile Hungary Austria Sweden Greece Switzerland Belgium Brazil Netherlands Japan Romania South Africa Portugal Canada Australia Russia Spain Argentina UK China Germany Italy France USA Total wine million hl
  26. 26. Trend in consumption Traditional markets Mature markets Increasing markets Emerging markets Decreasing per capita consumption from high base Long term high growth trend; stable or decreasing per capita consumption Long term growth trend in total market, but still low per capita consumption Significant growth, but very low per capita consumption France Italy Spain Germany Argentina Etc. USA Canada Australia Norway Sweden Etc. China Brazil Mexique Japan South Korea Etc. Mexico Nigeria Namibia India Peru Etc.
  27. 27. Wine trade
  28. 28. Between 2015 and 2016 world wine export: decreased by 1.2% in volume (104 million hl) increased by 2.0 % in value (29 Billion EUR) average value by litre up by 3.0% Less wine traded, though more expensive 60 65 68 72 77 79 84 89 90 88 96 103 104 101 102 105 104 40 60 80 100 120 140 Million of hl 12 12 15 15 15 16 18 20 20 18 21 23 25 26 26 28 29 5 15 25 35 Billion EUR 1.99 1.89 2.14 2.03 1.99 2.07 2.11 2.25 2.25 2.04 2.18 2.26 2.44 2.55 2.52 2.70 2.78 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 EUR/Litre
  29. 29. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 million hl Evolution of the exports by type of product in volume The composition of exports:  bottled wines stable over the last 4 years  bulk wines slight decrease (–4%/2015)  sparkling wines continue to increase (+7% /2015) By type of product 32 Bottled Sparkling Bulk >2 l Bulk > 2l 38.3 mhl 38% Sparkling 7.9 mhl 8% Bottled 54.9 mhl 54% Part in the exports by type of product in volume 2016
  30. 30. The new subheading will add further transparency and clarity to the data gathering in view of the statistics analysis of the sector, to identify the wine actually in bulk from the one which is delivered to consumers in containers (the bag-in-box) HS new subheading 22.04 Wine of fresh grapes, including fortified wines; grape must other that of heading 20.09 2204.10 - Sparkling wine 2204.21 - In containers holding 2 l or less 2204.22 - In containers holding more than 2 l but not more than 10 l 2204.29 - Other 2204.30 – Other grape must
  31. 31. 22.3 20.6 14.1 9.1 7.5 4.2 4.1 3.6 2.8 2.6 2.1 0 5 10 15 20 25 Millions of hectolitres in 2016 Top world exporters Export is widely dominated by Spain, Italy and France representing 55 % of the volume of the world market In value, France and Italy continue to dominate the market with respectively 28 % and 19 % 8255 5354 2644 1650 1459 1391 959 960 737 734 629 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 Million of Euros in 2016
  32. 32. Top world Importers Increase of imports in China (+ 15%/2015) The top 5 importers in value represent more than 50% 14.5 13.5 11.2 7.9 6.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.1 2.7 0 5 10 15 20 Millions of hectolitres in 2016 0 2000 4000 6000 Million of Euros in 2016
  33. 33. Global proportion of exports to consumption Internationalization of the vitivinicultural sector 19% 19% 17% 19% 18% 19% 19% 19% 20% 19% 19% 19% 18% 17% 16% 27% 29% 29% 30% 32% 33% 35% 35% 36% 36% 39% 42% 42% 42% 43% 58% 68% 67% 70% 68% 70% 75% 76% 70% 81% 70% 71% 67% 65% 63% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Exports/consumption Table grape Wine Dried grape  Progressive increase of the “international wine sector”: wine is more and more consumed out of its producing country
  34. 34. OIV Focus 2017: Vine varieties distribution in the world
  35. 35. Main varieties distribution in the world 2015 Out of the 10 000 vine varieties known in the wolrd, 13 varieties represents more than one third of the world vine area and 33 varieties represents 50% Variety Surface (ha) Destination Kyoho2 365 000 Table Cabernet-Sauvignon 340 000 Wine Sultanina 300 000 Table, dried and wine Merlot 266 000 Wine Tempranillo 231 000 Wine Airen 218 000 Wine and Brandy Chardonnay 211 000 Wine Syrah 190 000 Wine Grenache Noir (Granacha tinta) 163 000 Wine Red Globe 160 000 Table Sauvignon Blanc 121 000 Wine Pinot Noir / Blauer burgunder 115 000 Wine Trebbiano Toscano / Ugni blanc 111 000 Wine and Brandy
  36. 36. How diverse are countries? 0 20 40 60 80 100 Number of varieties representing 75% of the area Two big producing countries show an important number of varieties covering 75% of their area under vine : Italy and Portugal
  37. 37. 5 main varieties in selected countries Varietal distribution Airen 22% Tempranillo 21%Bobal 6%Garnacha 6% Viura 5% Others 39% Spain Merlot 14% Ugni blanc 10% Grenache 10% Syrah 8% Chardonnay 6% Others 52% France Kyoho 44% Red Globe 18% Cabernet- Sauvignon 7% Carmenere 1% Merlot 1% Others 29% China Malbec 18% Cereza 13% Douce Noire (Bonarda) 9% Criolla grande 7% Cabernet-Sauvignon 7% Others 47% ArgentinaSultanina 14% Chardonnay 10% Cabernet- Sauvignon 9% Concord 8% Pinot Noir / Blauer burgunder 6% Others 54% USASangiovese 8% Montepulciano 4%Glera 4% Pinot gris 4% Merlot 3% Others 77% Italy Some countries have dominant varieties in their vineyard:  In Spain, two main varieties (Airen and Tempranillo) cover more than 40% of the vines area  In China, 44% of the vines are Kyoho variety  Italy has a quite a diverse varietal distribution, with main varieties not exceding 8% of the area under vine
  38. 38. Where do the 10 main varieties grow? Kyoho Cabernet-Sauvignon Merlot Sultanina Tempranillo
  39. 39. Where do the 10 main varieties grow? Airen Chardonnay Syrah Grenache noir (Garnacha tinta) Red Globe
  40. 40. Thank you for your attention Vielen Dank für Ihre Aufmerksamkeit Grazie per la Loro attenzione Gracias por su atención Merci de votre attention

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