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Building Information Modelling at GCU, Development of a BIM Centre of Expertise


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Graham Hayne (GCU, BIM Centre).
Presentation given at the DEDICATE final seminar (Glasgow University, 21st October 2013)

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Building Information Modelling at GCU, Development of a BIM Centre of Expertise

  1. 1. Building Information Modelling at GCU Development of a BIM Centre of Expertise
  2. 2. GCU’s Research We have a strong reputation for innovative research with the last Research Assessment Exercise ranking our research in the Built and Natural Environment in the top 20 universities in the UK. •Research outputs have been adopted as strategy objectives in RPP2 (Research on Policies and Proposals for a Low Carbon Scotland) • •In Health & Safety our research has informed the development of Legal Guidance on the application of the Construction (Design & Management) Regulations (2007), findings and recommendations have also been incorporated into training materials for HSE approved Construction Skills safety courses • •We are working closely with Teesside University and are jointly supervising 2 BIM related PhD’s
  3. 3. GCU’s Vision for our Centre of Expertise The GCU, Centre of Expertise endeavours to create better outcomes during the creation and operation of our built environment through world leading BIM foresight and research that can be practically applied by industry. Our vision is to reform our industry through a digitally enabled agenda which will integrate all the players in the asset lifecycle.
  4. 4. Visiting Professorial Appointments David Philp: •Global “Head of BIM” at Mace and previously BIM Programme Director at Balfour Beatty •Head of BIM Implementation for the Cabinet Office, H.M. Government where he is responsible for ensuring that central departments are fully level 2 BIM enabled by 2016. •David sits on the UK BIM Task Group, who are co-ordinating the UK BIM processes (PAS1192:2 and 3) and BIM protocols as well as EU and Local Authority BIM adoption. •Chair of several BIM working groups such as BIM4PrivateClients and sits on the committee of BIM4Infrastructure, BIM4Retail and BIM4SMEs. He is Chair of the BIM4Steering group which co-ordinates the activities of the different UK BIM working groups. •Chair of CIOB BIM working Group
  5. 5. Visiting Professorial Appointments Chimay Anumba: •Head of the Dept of Architectural Engineering at Pennsylvania State University •Produced the worlds first BIM Project Execution Planning Guide (PEP) & the BIM Owners Guide. •Leading Global Expert in BIM processes and technologies. •Past Chair of the EG-ICE: European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering •Has sat on the Governing Council of the Institution of Civil Engineers •Fellow of RAEng •Research interests include: advanced engineering informatics, concurrent engineering, knowledge management and collaborative communications
  6. 6. Graham Hayne PhD Student Glasgow Caledonian University Graham Hayne
  7. 7. King Abdulaziz Centre for World Culture Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. (2008-Present) Graham Hayne
  8. 8. Design for Safety •Significant amount of research shows that up to half the accidents on site have a link to the design. •Link is a sufficient rather than necessary •Lack of knowledge, experience and training to design safely •The CDM regulations are seen as bureaucratic and a box ticking exercise •Pressures from external factors: economic, programme and other design team members etc. Graham Hayne
  9. 9. Philosophy of Engineering •Engineering is a combination of craft knowledge, rules of thumb and the application of science. •Historically master builders were the architect, engineer, cost consultant and contractor. •Rising through the profession based on capability and proficient in maths and science as well as craft knowledge. •Ingeniator” Latin for ingenious, used to describe military personnel involved in military infrastructure and machines. Graham Hayne
  10. 10. Philosophy of Design •Building design is an approximation to achieve a satisfactory and safe solution •Design is an iterative process of problem solving •Designers choices are guided by experience which is gained over time •Designers often fail to see solutions in isolation Graham Hayne
  11. 11. Philosophy of Science •A desire to understand and control nature: “Know that” •Scientists have historically been intellectuals. •Science is generally founded on a positivist philosophy. •Science is seeking knowledge that is accurate. Graham Hayne
  12. 12. Recent developments in building engineering •Universities have become the predominant teachers of engineering. Intellectualising the process. •ICE and IStructE made it very difficult to become chartered without a degree •Lost the balance between technical colleges / Universities •ICE and IStructE requirements for site experience has been vastly reduced •Draughtsmen have become CAD technicians or computer operators Graham Hayne
  13. 13. Impact of Digital Technology on Engineering Design Computer says no! •The output of computers are rarely challenged •Computer becomes the source of all knowledge •We have moved away from the traditional method of working Triangulate Affiliating Deliberating Consolidating •Obsession with accuracy Graham Hayne
  14. 14. Impact of Digital Technology on Engineering Design •Engineers are seduced into using software that may not be particularly suitable •Produce information based on capability of software, not based on what the industry requires. Graham Hayne
  15. 15. Impact of Digital Technology on Engineering Design •Do engineers understand what they see? Graham Hayne
  16. 16. The way forward •Carryout research into how undergraduate students and graduate engineers perceive hazards in digital output •Develop a framework for a BIM tool that will be able to disseminate the knowledge, both tacit and codified that is in danger of being lost Graham Hayne
  17. 17. References: BEHM, M., 2005. Linking construction fatalities to the design for construction safety concept. Safety Science, 43(8), pp. 589-611. Gambatese, J.A., 2008. Research Issues in Prevention through Design. Journal of Safety Research, 39(2), pp. 153-156. Gibb, A, Haslam, R, Hide, S and Gyi, D (2004). The role of design in accident causality. In hecker, S., Gambatese, J. and Weinstein, M. (Eds), Designing for Safety and Health in Construction: Proc., Research and Practice Symposium, UO Press, Eugene. Zhou,W., Whyte,J., Sacks,R., (2012), Construction safety and digital design: A review, Automation in Construction, vol.22, pp.102-111. Plommer, H., (2008), Vitruvius and Later Building Manuals. Cambridge University Press Simon, (1982), Sciences of the artificial. The MIT Press, Cambridge MA Alexander (1964) Notes on the synthesis of form, Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA Kuhn (2012), The structure of scientific revolutions, The University of Chicago Press Blockley (1980), The nature of structural design and safety, Ellis Horwood Ltd, Chichester. Henderson (1999), On line and on paper, Visual culture, and computer graphics in design engineering, MIT Press, Cambridge MA Weick, (1985), Cosmos vs Chaos: Sense and nonsense in electronic contexts, Organisational Dynamics, vol. 14, no. 2, pp51-64 Graham Hayne