Disaster Strikes How Best To Organize Relief


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April 14th, 2010 panel "Disaster Strikes - How Best to Organize Relief?" at the 2010 National Convention of the National Action Network.

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Disaster Strikes How Best To Organize Relief

  1. 1. Disaster Strikes - How Best to Organize Relief?"<br />Dr. Mick Maurer, MHA<br />- Director, Disaster Training and Exercises - ARC/GNY<br />- Adjunct Assistant Professor – NYU Dept. of Applied Psychology<br />- Adjunct Professor - MCNY School of Management, <br />MPA in Emergency and Disaster Management degree program<br />
  2. 2. Definitions<br />The terms ‘resilience’ and ‘vulnerability’ are opposite sides of the same coin, but both are relative terms. <br />One has to ask what individuals, communities and systems are vulnerable or resilient to, and to what extent.<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Vulnerability<br />Is the susceptibility to physical or emotional injury or attack<br />In relation to hazards and disasters, vulnerability is a concept that links the relationship that people have with their environment to social forces and institutions and the cultural values that sustain and contest them. <br />“The concept of vulnerability expresses the multidimensionality of disasters by focusing attention on the totality of relationships in a given social situation which constitute a condition that, in combination with environmental forces, produces a disaster” (Bankoff et al. 2004: 11).<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Resilient - RESILIENCE<br />Adj. - to jump back<br />Marked by ability to withstand shock without permanent deformation or rupture<br />Defined as a dynamic process that individuals exhibit positive behavioral adaptation when they encounter significant adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats, or even significant sources of stress<br />Is the positive capacity of people to cope with stress and catastrophe<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />4<br />
  5. 5. April 14, 2010<br />www.mickmaurer.com<br />5<br />Population Exposure model <br />
  6. 6. April 14, 2010<br />www.mickmaurer.com <br />6<br />Natural vs. Human-Caused Disasters<br /> Source: CMHS. Psychosocial Issues for Children and Families in Disasters. A Guide for the Primary Care Physician. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Publication No. (SMA) 96-3077, 1996.<br />
  7. 7. NYC is Vulnerable to hurricanes and nor’easters<br />October 9, 1804 — Heavy snow falls in Eastern New York peaking at 30 inches (75 cm) as a hurricane tracks northward along the East Coast and becomes extratropical, as cold air fed into the system.<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />7<br />Landfalling NY Hurricanes<br />
  8. 8. In 1821, when a major hurricane made a direct hit on Manhattan<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />8<br />
  9. 9. August 23, 1893, when a terrifying Category 2 hit at night.<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />9<br />
  10. 10. ‘Long Island Express’ of 1938<br /><ul><li>With 183-mile-per-hour winds. At the time, Long Island was not a densely populated suburban sprawl.
  11. 11. The same hurricane today would cause incredible havoc.</li></ul>4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />10<br />
  12. 12. NYC is Vulnerable to earthquakes <br /><ul><li>A 5.0 tumbler in 1737 knocked down chimneys in New York City and was felt from Boston to Philadelphia.
  13. 13. A magnitude-5.5 quake in 1884 did similar damage in a wider region around New York. Another quake in this range struck in 1783.
  14. 14. In December of 1811, the largest earthquake (6.8) ever recorded in American History started. This earthquake, called the New Madrid Earthquake</li></ul>4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />11<br />
  15. 15. 12<br />New Madrid Seismic Zone Catastrophic Disaster Planning<br /> The Response Challenges<br /><ul><li>No notice event not commonly recognized
  16. 16. Consequences eclipse Katrina
  17. 17. Large impact area - 126,575 Sq Miles
  18. 18. 44M people in eight-State region - (12M in high risk area)
  19. 19. Multiple jurisdictions with multiple governors
  20. 20. Significant infrastructure impacts
  21. 21. Response problems during multiple aftershocks
  22. 22. Estimated building loss -- $70B
  23. 23. Severe weather & significant evacuation issues</li></ul>Approximately 12 million <br />people at high risk<br />St. Louis <br />1.5-2 Million<br />IL<br />IN<br />MO<br />KY<br />TN<br />Rural Pop.<br />8-9 million<br />160–200 Cities<br />AR<br />AL<br />MS<br />Memphis<br /> 1-1.5 Million<br />Directly Impacted States<br />Indirectly Impacted States<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />
  24. 24. NYC is Not prepared in the way Chile and California are<br /><ul><li>A 6.0 quake could shake the city's buildings with nearly the intensity of the 6.8 quake in Kobe.
  25. 25. Inexplicably, the city dragged its feet about adding earthquake-mitigating requirements to its building codes until the mid-1990s. </li></ul>4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />13<br />
  26. 26. Manhattan Island is crisscrossed by earthquake faults<br /><ul><li>July 18, 1937.--An earthquake strong enough to rattle windows was felt just before midnight in the borough of Queens
  27. 27. Indian Point nuclear power plants, 24 miles north of the city, sit astride the previously unidentified intersection of two active seismic zones.
  28. 28. A 2003 analysis by The New York City Area Consortium for Earthquake Loss Mitigation put the cost of quakes at Magnitude 6 in the metro New York area at $39 billion to $197 billion.</li></ul>4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />14<br />
  29. 29. But NYC Is As Vulnerable as Haiti was<br />Much of Manhattan sits on a deep layer of soft, post-Ice Age sediment over extremely hard rock, a juxtaposition of geological extremes that bodes ominously. <br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />15<br />
  30. 30. Recent incidents Only magnified<br />The generally well-designed towers in the Manhattan's skyline most likely would survive a 6.0, but the unreinforced masonry townhouses where most residents live might not fare as well. <br />A 1989 study estimated that a quake would cause more than130 simultaneous blazes, which could put the fire department under severe strain.<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />16<br />
  31. 31. New York City Risks & Probability Matrix<br />Severity of Outcome<br />All Level I and II<br />Hurricane in Metro NYC<br />High<br />Hurricane <br />in Atlantic/Gulf Coast<br />Indian Point Power Plant<br />Earthquake in NYC<br />Pandemic Flu<br />Suicide Bombing<br />Dirty Bomb<br />Transportation Incident<br />Last 25 years:<br />4 Catastrophic and 10 Major Disasters<br />Power Outage<br />Regional floods<br />Level III<br />Large fire<br />Transportation Incident<br />Building Collapse<br />Building Fires<br />Water main breaks<br />Evacuation orders<br />Level IV and V<br />3,000/yr.<br />Low<br />Low<br />High<br />Probability<br />
  32. 32. In Greater New York WE RESPOND TO 3,000 LOCAL DISASTERS EACH YEAR <br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />18<br />
  33. 33. CRANE COLLAPSES March & May 2008 and March 2010<br />4/14/2010<br />19<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />
  34. 34. FLIGHT 1549 January 2009<br />4/14/2010<br />20<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />
  35. 35. Terrorism Trends<br />London, U.K. (2005)<br />Madrid, Spain (2004)<br />Belsan, Russia (2004)<br />Toronto, Canada (2006)<br />Possible bomb attack plan on Canadian soil<br />Mumbai, India (2006)<br />London, U.K. (2006)<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />21<br />
  36. 36. 4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />22<br />
  37. 37. 4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />23<br />September 11, 2001<br />
  38. 38. And Everyday transit disruptions<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />24<br />
  39. 39. But Don’t wait for the Lone Ranger and Tonto! <br /> Or for the Buffalo Soldiers to ride to the Rescue.<br />You are on your own and need Five days food and water for every family member<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />25<br />
  40. 40. NYC First responders have their role<br />All Disasters are Local – NY Home Rule<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />26<br />
  41. 41. The State and Feds have their support role<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />27<br />NY State Guard<br />
  42. 42. But the populace has a bigger role<br />Becoming Resilient<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />28<br />
  43. 43. Youth and Adults Prepared<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />29<br />
  44. 44. 4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />30<br />
  45. 45. Lifesaving Courses<br />ARC/GNY trains more than 125,000 people annually in Lifesaving Skills including CPR, First Aid, AED, Care Giving and Aquatics.<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />31<br />
  46. 46. Preparedness Training & Information<br />ARC/GNY provides emergency preparedness training to more than 140,000 people per year.<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />32<br />
  47. 47. Sales of Preparedness <br />Equipment & Supplies<br /><ul><li>Go-Bags
  48. 48. Safety Flashlights
  49. 49. Emergency Radios
  50. 50. Blankets
  51. 51. First Aid Kits
  52. 52. Manuals
  53. 53. And More!</li></ul>4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />33<br />
  54. 54. Training with Public and Partner Groups Human Services Council and ARC/GNY Table Top Exercise<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />34<br />
  55. 55. Resiliency of the populace is the key to Preparedness<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />35<br />
  56. 56. Thank you<br />Contact:<br />maurerm@nyredcross.org<br />mickmaurer@nyu.edu<br />mmaurer@mcny.edu<br />Webpages:<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />http://disaster-exercises.typepad.com/my-blog/<br />4/14/2010<br />http://mickmaurer.com<br />36<br />