Higher Education Partnerships: Experiences & Impacts in sub-Saharan Africa,
Higher Education for Development (HED)Higher Education Partnerships: Experiences & Impacts in sub-Saharan Africa Teshome Y. Alemneh Presentation at the &3rd RUFORUM Biennial Conference Tully Cornick Entebbe, Uganda September 24-28, 2012 Higher Education for Development One Dupont Circle, Suite 420 Washington, DC 20036 (202) 243-7680 www.HEDprogram.org
Africa’s Capacity Challenges• Tertiary level HUMAN CAPITAL extremely low: – The available capacity is variable in terms of quality and competitiveness to ensure sustained development.• INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY limited: – Organizational infrastructure limited – Commonly dysfunctional systems.
Does Higher Education have a role? Is partnership effective mechanism?
Higher Education & Development in Africa• Developing higher education institutions and systems in Africa is no more a luxury – it is a development imperative.• Higher Education – path that is likely to lead to sustained knowledge-intensive & problem-solving approach to development.
Africa’s HE Challenges (Contd.)• Critical shortage and ageing of faculty.• Quality & relevance of curriculum/academic programs.• Limitations in instructional resources (laboratories, libraries, etc.).• Limitations in management and administration capacities (skills, systems, etc.)• Constraints in budget and limited capacity in financial diversification (resource mobilization).
Higher Education Partnerships?• Mechanism of collaboration between institutions for common goal and mutual benefit while solving development challenges: – COMMON GOAL – Human & Institutional Capacity Development. – MUTUAL BENEFIT – Shared learning; recognition of capacities and limitations.
Why HEd Partnerships?• Cost effective and sustainable mechanisms of solving societal problems and addressing science, education and technology issues in Africa.• Serve as a mechanism helping ignite & rekindle innovation and problem-solving potential of the higher education community & institutions in Africa.
Partnerships…• Results-oriented & PROBLEM-SOLVING - targeted & comprehensive capacity development packages.• Local OWNERSHIP & participation by both parties (“Win-Win”).• Sharing of knowledge & best practices between institutions – MUTUAL BENEFIT.• More than development assistance and aid. Greater than TA & exchanges.
HEd Partnership Models• RUFORUM is one successful model mainly fostering collaboration from-within (Africa- Africa)• SIDA-SAREC (Sweden-Africa); VLIR (Belgium-Africa); NUFFIC (Netherlands- Africa); NORAD (Norway-Africa)• Tri-partite collaborations, such as US- Africa-India [Tanzania, Kenya, Malawi..]• HED: (US-Africa)
Higher Education for Development (HED)• HED Mission: supporting partnerships between U.S. and host country higher education institutions to address local and national development challenges.• Funded as a nonprofit by USAID/EGAT, USAID Bilateral Missions, and the U.S. State Department.
HostU.S. Higher CountryEducation Partnerships Forged HigherInstitution Education Human and Institutional Institution Capacity Developed
HED is supported through a cooperative agreement between the U.S. Agency forInternational Development and the American Council on Education.HED operates with the advice and counsel of six higher education presidential associations: American Council on Education American Association of Community Colleges American Association of State Colleges and Universities Association of American Universities Association of Public and Land-grant Universities National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities Reproduced with permission from the organizations
HED Partnerships• HED has supported: – More than 350 USAID funded partnerships in more than 60 developing countries. – More than 100 partnerships with African institutions in 26 countries. – In 2011, HED supported 75 partnerships in 81 host country HEIs in 35 countries and 58 U.S. universities and colleges.
Areas of Focus• Agriculture;• Business/Economics;• Democracy & Governance; Public Policy & Journalism;• Education;• Environment and Natural Resource Management;• Health;• Information Technology;• Global Food Security;• Small Business Growth and Entrepreneurship;• Women and Development;• Workforce Development.
Tangible and Measurable Impact• 502 examples of institutional strengthening at host country higher education institutions.• 11,266 host country individuals trained (includes degree & non-degree programs).• 769 U.S. government funded scholarships & exchange programs.• 49 examples of U.S. government assisted host country policy development advising.
Illustrations of Successful HED Managed Higher Education Partnerships
Makerere University / North Dakota State University • Joint regional MSc degree & Graduate Certificate in International Infectious Disease Management and Biosecurity. • Participate in outbreak investigations of anthrax & brucellosis in Uganda • Collaborate in the emerging pandemic threats program to synergize activities in the region.• Promote community empowerment through local group participation.
Addis Ababa University / University of Connecticut • Building institutional capacity and workforce expertise for sustainable development and management of Ethiopia’s water resources.• Graduate-level academic programs, faculty development, and undergraduate outreach activities. o Developed master’s degree programs. o Reviewed and developed courses and enrolled 24 master’s and 18 PhD students.• Problem-solving: solutions to reduce effects of high fluoride contents in drinking water for rural communities in the Afar region in Ethiopia.
University of Cape Town / University of Cincinnati• Collaborating across borders to develop the research and entrepreneurial capacity needed to electrify rural and remote areas. – Emerging low-cost, durable, highly portable solar power cell is at the center of a new approach to solar energy production.• Develop HU and KIE into new hubs and entrepreneurial centers.• Develop synergistic interactions with NGO’s targeting installation of solar panels for communities.
University of Juba &Catholic University of South Sudan / Virginia Tech University • Restore higher education, research and extension in South Sudan to support development of sustainable agricultural production systems. • Produce high quality graduates in agriculture to meet the unique socioeconomic development challenges of Southern Sudan• Generate knowledge through relevant and quality research.• Create a quality university-based outreach program.
Bahir Dar University (Ethiopia) / Arizona University • Developed a master’s degree program in Disaster Risk Science and Sustainable Development at BDU. – Thirteen students graduated from the first cohort. • In coordination with a private company in Phoenix, developed an online learning portal that faculty in Arizona could use to communicate with students in Ethiopia.• Foundation for a Center of Excellence for Disaster Risk Management for the Region.
National University of Rwanda / Michigan State University & Texas A&M University• Partnership for Enhancing Agriculture in Rwanda through Linkages (PEARL): – contribute to rebuilding the capacity of agricultural institutions in Rwanda, – worked in areas including geranium oil, avocado oil, eucalyptus oil, cassava flour and chili pepper production, and coffee.• Trained 2,500+ Rwandan women and 3,800+ Rwandan men in marketing, financial management, business management, business-plan writing, and Internet technology.• As the Maraba coffee growers received fair trade certification and began to grow shade-grown coffee, their specialty coffee has become a model for the Rwandan coffee industry which has been replicated countrywide.
Malawi Bunda College / Lincoln University • Promoted increase in goat milk - crossbreeding of local goats with purebred strains from France and South Africa. • Nutritionists mixed goat milk with soy supplements, and fed to a sample of children at the local hospital rehabilitation center for malnourished and vulnerable children.• Mortality rate of these children dropped considerably and the children’s health improved.
Makerere University & Muhimbili University / John Hopkins University, Tulane University & George Washington University • Improved academic programs & upgrade skills of public health practitioners and managers enabling them to lead and respond to public health issues and disasters. • 50faculty members have gained new knowledge & leadership skills through short courses in-country and abroad • New master’s degree programs in Health Service Research, Public Health Nutrition were developed.• Health researchers are now better able to produce data that informs national policy decisions, and health leaders influence media reporting on health issues and contribute to advocacy efforts.
University of Hargeisa / Eastern Mennonite University• Partners focused on providing methodology that promotes peace and stability in Somaliland through the involvement of traditional elders and modern best practices in global conflict resolution.• Established an Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) and to strengthen the institution’s research capacity in the midst of transition.• Published the first volume of the journal, Somaliland Journal of Peace and Development, the first of its kind by a HEIs in Somalia.
HED partnershipsSenegal Université Gaston-Berger & The Development of Agronomy and Crop Production Ohio State University Academic Programs, Research, and Need Based Extension Programs for Sustainable Food Production in SahelKenya University of Nairobi & Colorado Centre for Sustainable Drylands: A University State University Collaboration for Transforming Higher Education in Africa at the University of NairobiKenya Kenyatta University & Syracuse Building Capacity through Quality Teacher University PreparationBurkina International Institute for Water & Network of Centers of Excellence in Water andFaso Environmental Engineering (2iE) & Environmental Science & Technology Tuskegee UniversityGhana University of Ghana & Brown Academic partnership to address HIV/AIDS in University; The Miriam hospital GhanaLiberia University of Liberia & Indiana Center for Excellence in Health and Life Sciences University; University of Massachusetts; Virginia Tech UniversityMalawi University of Malawi & Michigan Ecosystems Services: Linking Science to Action in State University; Lincoln University Malawi and the Region
HED partnershipsNgozi University (BUR) - South Agriculture Collège Universitaire Régional EducationCarolina State University de Bambey (SEN) - Fairfield UniversityTshwane University of Environment University of KwaZulu-Natal - EducationTechnology (SAF) - University The Research Foundation ofof Florida the State University of New York, University of BuffaloUniversity of Johannesburg - Economic Makerere University - The EnvironmentThe William Davidson Institute Growth & Trade Research Foundation of Stateat the University of Michigan University of New York, University at AlbanyPolytechnic of Namibia - Environment Uganda Martyrs University Democracy &Namibia University of Science Islamic University in Uganda - Governance,and Technology - University of Nkumba University - The Public Policy,Botswana - Sokoine University Research Foundation of State Journalism(TAN) - University of Florida University of New York, University at Albany
Benefits of HED Partnerships• Contribute to Human & Institutional Capacity Development• Address National/Regional Development Challenges – Responding to zoonoses diseases – Improving food security and nutrition – Solving water resource challenges – Promoting entrepreneurship and market orientation – Mitigating disaster risk
HED partnerships – Keys to Success• Host country partners participation - human & institutional capacity.• Foster long lasting collaboration - mutual benefit and relationships.• Open, peer reviewed, competitive modality - best HEIs collaborate.• Genuine & committed international partner.• Cost Effective mechanism to Problem-Solving.• Spring Board for Leveraging Other Resources.
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