telecommunacation in`DMRC


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telecommunacation in`DMRC

  1. 1. Summer Internship With DELHI METRO RAIL CORPORATION.LTD. (A joint Venture of Government of India & -Government of Delhi) Name:RISHIKANT SINGH Enrollment No:10ESMEC070
  2. 2. The basic components of telecommunication department can be stated as follows: FOTS ( Fiber Optic Transmission System) PIDS (Public Information Display System) PAS (Public Address System) Master Clock CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) Radio System EPABX (Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange)
  3. 3. Operational Control Center (OCC) Located at Shastri Park and Barakhamba. It controls both Rail & Metro Corridor. Here all the central systems of various systems are located. All the train movements are supervised and system monitoring equipments are installed in OCC.
  4. 4. OCC Theatre
  7. 7. Line1 Line2
  8. 8. Public Information Display System (PIDS): It is used to display traffic & train scheduling information also data related to arrival & departure time and other information along the station and various platform areas .
  9. 9. Public address system(PAS): • It is used to broadcast voice messages to passengers/staff in all stations , depots ,OCC and DMRC Headquarter. •Also used for emergency evacuation broadcast .
  10. 10. Master Clock system: Clock system is used to provide accurate time to staff, passengers and time reference to systems at DMRC. Accurate and synchronized time information is obtained from Global Positioning System (GPS) by Master Clock at OCC.
  11. 11. Closed Circuit Television System(CCTV): •This is used to monitor the station and the platforms along with the metro corridors where it is very difficult to keep a view on the corridors. •Mostly it is used for security reasons and help train operators in the curved station platforms.
  12. 12. Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange (EPABX) : For purpose of planting communication link between different stations, DMRC has its self-sustained telephone exchange. This system works on -48 V DC. Data is processed at a rate of 64k bps.
  13. 13. Radio Waves A radio uses electromagnetic waves to send information across the air. This is accomplished by producing an electrical signal that moves back and forth, or oscillates, at a rapid rate. Frequency Spectrum
  14. 14. Technology in use: • Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA) (formerly known as Trans European Trunked Radio) is a specialist professional Mobile Radio and two-way transceiver specification. • This standard was developed by the ETSI for private mobile radio. Open standard for private mobile radio. It defines radio services and interfaces • The TETRA standard defines the air interface between mobile stations and the infrastructure.
  15. 15. Radio system in DMRC The Radio system is a digital trunked radio system, operating in 380-400 MHz band and confirming to TETRA standards. The Radio system have central control equipment installed in OCC. The Radio system uses EBTS towers for communication in rail corridor & leaky coaxial cable along each track in the tunnels for communication with train borne mobile radio (in metro corridor) .
  17. 17. Trunking The trunking concept allows channels or other resources to be made available to users as they are needed. It allows all the channels to be pooled together. As a channel is needed, the controller grants an available channel from its pool of channels.
  18. 18. TETRA Trunking SC=Site Controller CC=Control Channel BR= Base Radio
  19. 19. Talk group  In most organizations, radio users work in groups that are based on their functions and responsibilities. These groups of radio users can be assigned to communication talkgroups that reflect their function or responsibilities. Calls are semi-duplex.
  20. 20. TYPES OF MODES OF COMMUNICATION: 1. Trunk Mode Operation: It represents communication between two or more TETRA mobile stations with the use of trunking network infrastructure. This mode consists of 4 communication modes: (a)Group mode (b) Private mode (c) Phone mode (d) Emergency mode
  21. 21. (a) Group Mode: It is a half duplex communication mode in which many users can communicate with each other by selecting a common talk group.
  22. 22. (b) Private Mode: It is a half as well as full duplex communication mode in which many users can communicate with each other privately without interfering the talk group. It uses two frequencies.
  23. 23. (c) Phone Mode: It is a full duplex mode of communication in which a radio user can talk to any dialed phone number within DMRC or external network connected to DMRC.
  24. 24. (d) Emergency Call: The emergency key is provided on every radio equipment, an audio visual alarm will appear on every radio unit in that talk group. The party who initiates the call has the highest priority for calling.
  25. 25. 2. Direct Mode Operation: • It represents direct communication between two or more TETRA mobile stations without the use of trunking network infrastructure. • Simplex mode of communication.
  26. 26. EBTS (Enhanced base Transreceiver System ) • It provides RF interface from the master site to the mobile subscribers in a TETRA system. It can be categorized in two configuration: (a) Above ground (Rail corridor) (b) Under ground (Metro corridor) •Both are of same configuration & characterstics.
  27. 27. Call Through EBTS
  28. 28. Khyber Pass Depot North DCC Vishwa Vidyalaya Ro Ri Ro hini th hi (W ala n K Pi i (E est oh t ) at am ast ) E p W nc ura l a La zir ave p K wra ur an n ha c e Vi ve iy a ka Tri na na na ga r Pr nd P at ap uri N Pu aga r lb an ga Ti s sH h az ar i M1 Old Secretariat R3 R2 Civil Lines ISBT DCC OCC Delhi Main Radio Base Station Site Metro Corridor (underground) Radio Base Station Site New Delhi Connaught Place Patel Chowk Central Secretariat R1 Shahdara Seelampur Gautampur Shastri Park Station Chawri Bazar Rail Corridor (at-grade or elevated) Shastri Park Depot M2
  29. 29. Transmitter A transmitter transmit radio signal A transmitter usually has a power supply, an oscillator, a modulator, and amplifiers
  30. 30. Receiver  A receiver is a device that receives a radio signal from an antenna and decodes the signal for use Generally, receiver refers to a demodulator, a preamplifier, and a power amplifier
  31. 31. Types of radio used in DMRC: 1. Mobile Vehicle radioFixed (a) RAU (Radio Access Unit) or Zetron radio set or Station radio (b) Train radio set (c) RCW (Radio console workstation) 2. Mobile Portable radio
  32. 32. Each radio has its radio identification which register itself in central system for its function. The radio is programmed for its ID, frequency, network code, talk group and allowing types of call. Radio consists of trans and receiver and frequency synthesizer circuit which function along with Processor) for digital function. DSP (Digital Signal
  33. 33. RAU(Radio Access Unit) It is located in the Station control room. It is placed in the best radio coverage and it is fixed & has a functionality just like a telephone radio. It is ideally suited to radio operator dispatchers and where office personnel need access to a radio system without wanting to have a radio placed into the office environment. The M390 is a robust telephone style desktop controller with a large ,easy to read LCD display & handset.
  34. 34. Block diagram of Zetron Setup
  35. 35. Train radio MTM700 Mobile radio is installed at front & rear cab for communication between the train driver & designated station controllers at OCC & Depots. This radio unit is connected to different units e.g. TRIU,TRCP; these units are required to communicate with RCW ,TIMS, ATS and rear cab radio. Dome type omni directional antenna is located at top roof of train. This antenna is connected through RF cable which is connected to radio unit.
  36. 36. Front and rear view of Train radio in cab
  37. 37. Radio console workstation • It is for different controllers that is working in OCC such that chief and traffic controllers ,etc. • On its MMI ,all the radio information is displayed and communication can be set up only by clicking the radio identity.
  38. 38. Hand Portable radio The hand portables come with 3x4 keypads, rotary switch dial, and LCD for number dialing and maximum flexibility. Each hand portable is equipped with an ultra high capacity batteries (Li ion or Li Mgh.) for longest standby and talk-time of 24 hrs, that is 5% transmit, 5% Receive and 90% standby. Hand portable is suitable for all kinds of calls used in DMRC.
  39. 39. Advantages of TETRA: 1. The frequency used gives longer range, which permits high levels of geographic coverage with a smaller number of transmitters, thus cutting infrastructure costs. 2.Unlike the cellular technologies, TETRA is built to do oneto-one, one-to-many and many-to-many. 3. Rapid deployment (transportable) network solutions are available for disaster relief and temporary capacity provision. 4. In the absence of a network mobiles/portables can use 'direct mode' whereby they share channels directly (walkietalkie mode).
  40. 40. Disadvantages of TETRA: 1. Requires a linear amplifier to meet the stringent RF specifications that allow it to exist alongside other radio services. 2. Handsets are more expensive than cellular. 3. Handsets can sometimes interfere with badly designed (usually old) or sensitive electronic devices such as broadcast (TV) receivers, hospital equipment, speed cameras.
  41. 41. Conclusion: TETRA communication system has been implemented successfully The signals are clear The voice clarity is excellent The TETRA technology effectively meets DMRC’s operational and functional expectations
  42. 42. Conclusion: In my training I have got to know about the different means of communication systems used in DMRC. It consists of radio communication techniques & radio systems; and data transfer between stations and the OCC. My presentation focuses on radio system. My conclusion from this training is that DMRC uses two types of radio systems: a) Fixed Radio(Zetron, train radio, RCW) b)Portable Radio(Tetra) Both have their advantages and disadvantages. Fixed radio equipments provide better voice clarity, but can not be moved when placed at a particular place. Similarly Portable radio equipment can be moved from place to place, but voice clarity may vary as device might not provide 100% signal at all places.