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A Self Narrative of an EFL Learner’s Experience 
about Learner Beliefs and Language Learning 
Rudi Haryono, S.S., M.Pd 
En...
Outline 
• Abstract 
• Review of Literature 
• My English Learning Background 
• Underlying Theories 
• Metaphor about Lea...
Abstract 
This paper presents a self narrative experience about the writer’s 
belief about language learning. It attempts ...
Review of Literature 
• Beliefs is viewed as preconceived notions, myths, or 
misconceptions that can be studied by Likert...
My English Learning and 
Demographic Background 
• Learning formal English lesson in secondary, high 
and tertiary level. ...
Questions: 
1. What is beliefs, indeed? 
2. How can people learn a 
foreign language more 
quickly and efficiently?
Underlying Theories (1) 
Beliefs is an individual difference variable 
notably different from the other individual 
differ...
Underlying Theories (2) 
Beliefs is an attitudes, opinion and 
viewpoint which attends in every 
discipline of human behav...
Metaphor about Learning Beliefs 
Learning is a journey, a puzzle, 
suffering, a struggle and work (Ellis, 
2002).
Learning as a Journey 
It means learning is a long, sustainable and continuous 
process that many difficuties and has to b...
Learning is a Puzzle 
Learning English is about many aspects of “troubles’: 
grammar, pronunciation, spelling, intonation,...
Learning is Suffering 
It means that the writer should strive and suffer from 
the degree of suffering in order to be a sc...
Learning as a Struggle 
It positions me as both agents in the “fight” to learn and 
also as “a victim” of the struggle to ...
Learning as Work 
I believe that this belief plays more important role in his 
English learning process. As Ellis (2002) e...
Conclusion 
1. I believe that to achieve the most outstanding 
outcomes as an EFL learner, it is exteremely important to 
...
Thank You
Biography 
• HARYONO Rudi is a teacher at STKIP Muhammadiyah Bogor, 
Indonesia. He teaches extensive reading and grammar s...
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A Self Narrative of An EFL Learner’s Experience about Learner Beliefs and Language Learning

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Empirical paper dipresentasikan pada The 61st TEFLIN International Conference, 7-9 Oktober 2014, di Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

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A Self Narrative of An EFL Learner’s Experience about Learner Beliefs and Language Learning

  1. 1. A Self Narrative of an EFL Learner’s Experience about Learner Beliefs and Language Learning Rudi Haryono, S.S., M.Pd English Education Department - STKIP Muhammadiyah Bogor haryono8072@yahoo.com Presented in The 61st TEFLIN International Conference, Sebelas Maret University, 7-9 October 2014
  2. 2. Outline • Abstract • Review of Literature • My English Learning Background • Underlying Theories • Metaphor about Learning Beliefs  Learning as a journey  Learning as a puzzle  Learning as suffering  Learning as a struggle  Learning as work • Conclusion
  3. 3. Abstract This paper presents a self narrative experience about the writer’s belief about language learning. It attempts to examine the theories of learners belief and language learning related to a personal experience of language learning. Ehrlich (2008) defines beliefs as an attitudes, opinion and viewpoint which attends in every discipline of human behavior to say that something is true or right and vice versa. In academic definition it can be stated as a learners’ viewpoint, judgment or opinion about the influence of their learning in their future success. In other words it means that what would be students’ feelings about what they learn as a foreign students and how it helps them to achieve better proficiency in English. Adopting a self narrative writing, the paper explores what has been pointed out on related literature and found in previous research about learner’s belief in language learning, how the writer’s experience in learning English, the key features of theories related to the writer’s experience in learning English, and pedagogical implication of learner beliefs about language learning.
  4. 4. Review of Literature • Beliefs is viewed as preconceived notions, myths, or misconceptions that can be studied by Likert-scale questionnaires such as the Beliefs About Language Learning Inventory—BALLI (Horwitz, 1987) • Investigation of the relationship between learners’ beliefs about language learning and strategy use should provide teachers with better understanding of their students’ “expectation of, commitment to success in and satisfaction with their language classes” (Horwitz, 1988 • Since 1970s, great changes have taken place in the field of Second Language Acquisition research. Interest in EFL has shifted from teacher’s teaching to students’ learning and a growing number of studies have been undertaken from the learners’ perspective (Li, 2010)
  5. 5. My English Learning and Demographic Background • Learning formal English lesson in secondary, high and tertiary level. • No taking English course privately and intensively • Communicating English informally more with classmates during his study at university and make a small group of English learning group • Teaching English since his second year university students at English course institution up to now. • No boarding school environment • Sundanese is my mother-tongue • Living more in rural and remote area (kampung)
  6. 6. Questions: 1. What is beliefs, indeed? 2. How can people learn a foreign language more quickly and efficiently?
  7. 7. Underlying Theories (1) Beliefs is an individual difference variable notably different from the other individual differences factors such as language aptitude or motivation. It as a learners’ viewpoint, judgment or opinion about the influence of their learning in their future success (Ellis, 2002)
  8. 8. Underlying Theories (2) Beliefs is an attitudes, opinion and viewpoint which attends in every discipline of human behavior to say that something is true or right and vice versa (Erlich, 2008)
  9. 9. Metaphor about Learning Beliefs Learning is a journey, a puzzle, suffering, a struggle and work (Ellis, 2002).
  10. 10. Learning as a Journey It means learning is a long, sustainable and continuous process that many difficuties and has to be overcome to achieve a final goal. In this side, the writer has experienced all these process during the study from his secondary until graduate school up to now. The writer has faced a long overall progress of learning. It is about 13 years long process of learning English.
  11. 11. Learning is a Puzzle Learning English is about many aspects of “troubles’: grammar, pronunciation, spelling, intonation, functional expression, phrasal verbs, idioms, TOEFL, and the four important skills of English (speaking, writing, listening and reading). The writer needs much time and energy to understand the correct and standard English during his learning.
  12. 12. Learning is Suffering It means that the writer should strive and suffer from the degree of suffering in order to be a scuccessful learner of English. This suffering intensely appear in the process of learning and thinking. The writer should try harder maintain his motivation, energy, optimism, and enthusiasm in the learning process. This suffering has happened for 13 years more up to now since learning is an endless process of exploring and experiencing in cognitive, psychomotor and affective aspect.
  13. 13. Learning as a Struggle It positions me as both agents in the “fight” to learn and also as “a victim” of the struggle to learn. The writer believes that he is “ a strong fighter and suffering victim of learning.” Discussing this view, the writer is interferred with the term of ‘self-efficacy”. If people have high positive self – efficacy about learning, then they believe that they have the power and abilities to reach this goal. On the other hand, people with low self – efficacy feel that they do not have the power and abilities to learn a language, thus admitting failure fromthe start (Barnhardt, 1997). According to Pajares (2000), individuals` success and failure in school can be predicted through beliefs they create and develop
  14. 14. Learning as Work I believe that this belief plays more important role in his English learning process. As Ellis (2002) explains that earning as work means learning English is like doing a job, requiring the learners to perform certain tasks regularly and rewarding them for their efforts. It happens to the writer that since his teaching activities in some English course and schools, he has experienced higher motivation to learn English more as he is an English teacher. As a teacher he should learn more about teaching English materials such as grammar and conversation. Since teaching is also a career, of course it benefits much for him
  15. 15. Conclusion 1. I believe that to achieve the most outstanding outcomes as an EFL learner, it is exteremely important to put positive beliefs and strong motivation in learning English. 2. By exploring learner’s belief, we can understand how the learners will make their learning process and achievement. 3. The five beliefs should be internalized into the learners background of learning. Internalizing them will equip learners with more well-prepared and comprehensive understanding about learning language concept. Thus, learners fully realize about his learning process. Doing so, they will know about the benefits, paradigm, and values of learning English for their better future.
  16. 16. Thank You
  17. 17. Biography • HARYONO Rudi is a teacher at STKIP Muhammadiyah Bogor, Indonesia. He teaches extensive reading and grammar structure. He graduated from UIN Jakarta (Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University) and acquired his Masters of English Education at the University of Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka (UHAMKA). He attended the 10th Annual CamTESOL 2014 in Cambodia and he is an active TEFLIN member (The Association of Teachers of English as Foreign Language in Indonesia). He also participates in the Cambridge English Teacher online program and writes educational articles for the local newspaper.

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