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its a pedagogiacal study of laws of returns

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- 1. Pedagogical analysis of laws of return<br />Pedagogy means the art and science of teaching or learner focused education<br />©By Richa misra M.A. Economics<br />Pedagogy objectives<br /><ul><li>To communicate orally or in writing the different laws of returns
- 2. To become familiar with the terms used in laws of return
- 3. To develop understanding of the laws
- 4. Pupil should be able to recall the meaning of different technical word used</li></ul>Pedagogical material<br /><ul><li>Textbook
- 5. Authentic material
- 6. Charts
- 7. Graphs
- 8. Black board
- 9. Chalk</li></ul>Pedagogical approach<br /><ul><li>Lecture cum discussion method
- 10. Interactive approach
- 11. Work in small groups of student(5-10)
- 12. Mini groups in a class and personalized teaching
- 13. {student counseling , tutoring, individual projects, graph}
- 14. Teaching program adapted to students need and desires
- 15. Lessons are divided in small units</li></ul> Unit -1<br />Topic Laws of Constant return <br /><ul><li>Instructional objectives and specification
- 16. Activities and procedure
- 17. Evaluation technique
- 18. Unit(2)</li></ul>Topic Law of diminishing return<br /><ul><li>Instructional objectives
- 19. Activities and procedure
- 20. Evaluation technique
- 21. Unit(3)
- 22. Topic Law of increasing return
- 23. Instructional objectives
- 24. Activities and procedure
- 25. Evaluation technique
- 26. Introduction
- 27. Meaning:In short run, the proportionate change in variable factor of production causes
- 28. The change in total production .
- 29. TYPES OF LAWS
- 30. Law of constant returns
- 31. Law of increasing returns
- 32. Law of diminishing returns</li></ul> Analysis of UNIT (1)<br /><ul><li>Law of constant returns
- 33. Definition
- 34. Any increase or decrease in the variable factors of production cause the corresponding change in the total production in the same proportion. Marginal production remains the same
- 35. Table 1.1 law of constant proportion</li></ul>S.NO.Labor(Variable factor)Total ProductionMarginal 1.1101023.4.234203040101010<br />TYPES OF CONSTANT RETURNS<br /><ul><li>In the formal constant returns
- 36. In the formal constant cost</li></ul>{1}In the formal constant returns<br />With every increase in the variable factors of production the rate of total production increases but the rate of change in marginal production remains the same.<br />Ref . Table 1.1 from the above table we can conclude that when the labor employed was one then the total production was 10 units with an increase in the 1 unit of labor total production is increased by 20 units and so on.<br />But in the whole case marginal rate of production remains the same.<br />Marginal rate of production is defined as the output from on additional unit of factor of production(labor, machine) other variable remains constant<br />MP= change in production/unit change in variable factors of production<br />{2} in the form of constant cost<br />With every unit increase in the variable factor of production total production increase in the same proportion total cost also increases but average cost remains the same<br />Table 1.2 Returns in the formal constant cost<br />labourTotal CostTotal ProductionAverage cost1.4010423.4.80120160203040444<br />GENERAL OBJECTIVES AND SPECIFICATION<br /><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE
- 37. Pupil should be able to define laws of return
- 38. Pupil should be able to recognize the word variable/static factors of production, marginal product, total product etc.
- 39. Pupil should be able to recall laws of constant returns & type
- 40. Pupil should be able to write laws of constant return
- 41. UNDERSTANDING
- 42. Pupil develops understanding of sub unit(1) i.e. laws of constant returns
- 43. How to represent the concept graphically
- 44. Pupil can recall an explain the meaning of the technical word used
- 45. Pupil can describe the law of constant returns
- 46. Pupil can justify their answer with Eg .
- 47. TEACHING AND LEARNING ACTIVITES
- 48. Teacher introduces the topic with general example
- 49. Teacher explain the meaning of
- 50. Laws of return
- 51. Factors of production
- 52. Short run
- 53. Relation ship between different factors of production
- 54. Marginal production</li></ul> Tr:State different laws of returns<br /> Stu:Response<br /> Tr:Define law of constant Return<br /> Stu:Ans.<br /> Tr: What do you understand by factors of production<br /><ul><li> Stu:Ans.
- 55. COMPREHENSION
- 56. Pupil should be able to illustrate with example the law of constant return
- 57. APPLICATION
- 58. Pupil should be able to compute the marginal product/ average cost
- 59. EVAUATION
- 60. Evaluate the marginal production if increase in total production is 80 units where increase in variable factor is by 20 units
- 61. Summarise the law of constant return
- 62. Evaluate association of total product with marginal product

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