INTRODUCTION The Indus Valley Civilization(IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization(3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600– 1900 BCE) that was located in the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent Flourishing around the Indus River basin, the civilization primarily centred along the Indus and the Punjab region, extending into the Ghaggar-Hakra River valley and the Ganges-Yamuna Doab The Indus Valley Civilization is also known as the Harappa Civilization
DISCOVERY AND EXCAVATION The ruins of Harappa were first described in 1842 by Charles Masson in his Narrative of Various Journeys in Baluchistan, Afghanistan, and the Punjab, where locals talked of an ancient city extending "thirteen cosses" (about 25 miles), but no archaeological interest would attach to this for nearly a century.
DATE RANGE PHASE ERA7000-5500 MEHRGARH (ACERAMIC NEOLITHIC) EARLY FOOD PRODUCING ERA5500-3300 MEHRGARH II –VI (CERAMIC NEPLITHIC3300-2600 ARLY HARAPPAN REGIONLISATIO3300-2800 HARAPPAN 1(RAVI PHASE) N ERA 5500-2800-2600 HARAPPAN 2(KOT DIJI 2600 PHASE,NAUSHARO I,MEHRGARH VII)
DATE RANGE PHASE ERA2600-1900 MATURE HARAPPAN (INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION)2600-2450 HARAPPAN 3A INTEGRATION (NAUSHARO II)2450-2200 HARAPPAN 3B ERA2200-1900 HARAPPAN 3C1900-1300 LATE HARAPPAN (CEMETERY H); OCHRE COLOURED POTTERY1900-1700 HARAPPAN 4 LOCALISATION1700-1300 HARAPPAN 5 ERA1300-300 PAINTED GRAY WARE, NORTHERN BLACK INDO-GANGETIC POLISHED WARE (IRON TRADITION
So-called "Priest King" statue,Mohenjo-Daro, late Mature Harappanperiod, National Museum, Karachi,Pakistan