How we decide

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How we decide

  1. 1. THE MARSHMALLOW TEST<br />
  2. 2. This "marshmallow experiment" is a well known test conducted by Walter Mischel at Stanford University in the 1960s.<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QX_oy9614HQ<br />
  3. 3. A group of four-year-olds were given a marshmallow and promised another, only if they could wait 20 minutes before eating the first one. <br />Some children could wait and others could not. <br />The researchers then followed the progress of each child into adolescence and demonstrated that those with the ability to wait were better adjusted and more dependable (determined via surveys of their parents and teachers), and scored significantly higher on the Scholastic Aptitude Test years later.<br />
  4. 4. HOW DID THEY DECIDE….<br />WHAT MADE the Children DECIDE whether TO eat MARSHMALLOW OR wait…<br />
  5. 5. Author jonahlehrer<br />has put forth his thoughts via this book…<br />
  6. 6. DECISION MAKING IS COMPLICATED<br />WAY TOO COMPLICATED…<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Pre Frontal Cortex <br />Rationalizes<br />Rationalization<br />
  9. 9. RATIONALIZATION PUTS TOO MUCH THOUGHT<br />INTO EACH AND EVERY DETAIL<br />
  10. 10. Limbic System controls <br />emotions<br />Emotions<br />
  11. 11. EMOTION SAYS…<br />
  12. 12. Dopamine Anticipation<br />Dopamine<br />
  13. 13. DOPAMINE CAN CAUSE…<br />SWEETNESS OF ANTICIAPTION<br />OR<br />SOURNESS OF ANXIETY<br />
  14. 14. IT IS A TUG OF WAR….<br />FOR THE BRAIN<br />
  15. 15. MAINTAINING THE BALANCE<br />….IS THE KEY<br />
  16. 16. CHILDREN WHO COULD BALANCE<br />MADE THE DECISION TO WAIT FOR<br /> THE MARSHMALLOW<br />
  17. 17. WHILE THE IMPATIENT CHILDREN<br />THE EMOTIONS WON <br />THE TUG-OF-WAR<br />
  18. 18. AT EVERY STEP IN LIFE…<br />WE HAVE DECISIONS TO MAKE<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. KEEP<br />BALANCING<br />
  21. 21. Author’s view point<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smz5r7yStlo<br />

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