Composite Scales and Other Structured Self-Reports
Composite Scales and Other
Dunque, Ruby Shelah P.
Torres, Diana Jane R.
Most important and often incorporated into a questionnaire or
- it provides numeric score wherein the respondents were being
placed in its respective continuum based on measured
Most widely used scaling technique.
It was named after a psychologist Rensis
Consists of several declarative items that
expresses viewpoint of the topic.
Contains 10 or more statements.
Respondents were being asked whether they
will agree or disagree
High scores are given to an agreement with
positively worded items and disagreement with
negatively worded items.
This scale is also called summated rating
The respondents will be ask to rate a concept on a series of
easy and flexible to construct
concept can be anything like a person, situation, abstract idea,
controversial issue, and others.
It can be presented as a word, phrase, or even as visual
Several concepts can also be included in the semantic
Two considerations that the researchers used as a guide in
selecting bipolar scale.
Three independent dimensions:
The evaluative ones such as effective/ineffective,
valuable/worthless, good/bad, and others were the
most important group.
The potency adjectives includes strong/weak and
The examples of activity adjectives are active/passive
Cognitive and Neuropsychological Tests
The study participant’s cognitive skills is also assessed by the researchers.
There are several types of cognitive tests.
- an example of cognitive tests
- It evaluates a person’s global ability to perceive relationships, solve problems
and aptitude test
- measures a person’s potential for achievement
Neuropsychologic functioning among people with potential- cognitive
impairments. E.g Mini- Mental Status Examination (MMSE)
Participants in Q- Sort are presented with a set of cards on
which words or phrases are written.
They are asked to sort the cards along a specified bipolar
dimension from most important to least important.
Q- sorts are versatile and can be applied to a wide variety of
problems. It is also difficult and time.
It cannot be incorporated into mailed or Internet
questionnaires or administered in telephone interviews.
Brief case reports or descriptions of events to which
respondents are asked to react.
The descriptions can be either fictitious or based on fact
which are structured to elicit information about respondents.
Usually written in narrative descriptions but researchers also
use videotaped vignettes.
Economical means of eliciting information about how people
might behave in situations that would be difficult to observe
in daily life.
Vignettes can be incorporated in a questionnaire
which makes it an inexpansive data collection.
The main problem of vignette is the validity of
Potential biases should be taken into account in