2 Literature Searching


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  • 2 Literature Searching

    1. 1. Edinburgh University Library M Ed TESOL Literature Searching Denny Colledge Information Skills Librarian (Humanities and Social Science)
    2. 2. Session Outline <ul><li>Library Online </li></ul><ul><li>What will Databases give me? </li></ul><ul><li>Your Research Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Why can’t I just use Google? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Library Online Guide for new users http:// www.lib.ed.ac.uk/howto/begin.html How to… http://www.lib.ed.ac.uk/howto/ Researching your assignment http:// www.lib.ed.ac.uk/howto/infoskills.shtml Resources by Subject http:// www.lib.ed.ac.uk/resbysub /
    4. 4. Want to ask a question? General Help http://www.lib.ed.ac.uk/services/requests.shtml Ask a Librarian http:// www.lib.ed.ac.uk/qp /
    5. 5. What will a database give me? Citation - i.e. publication details Abstract - i.e. summary of the article Full text Pay-per-view (beware!) Inter-Library Loan Service - http://www.lib.ed.ac.uk/services/ill1.shtml Your Library/Find it at Edinburgh Links to Bibliographic Management Software
    6. 6. Getting and Managing Records <ul><li>Mark records </li></ul><ul><li>View records </li></ul><ul><li>Save records (Folder/Filing Cabinet) </li></ul><ul><li>Print records </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail records </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographic Management Software </li></ul><ul><li>Search History </li></ul><ul><li>Search Alerts </li></ul><ul><li>Citation Searching </li></ul>
    7. 7. Planning Your Research Strategy <ul><li>What is your research question? </li></ul><ul><li>Define subject keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Use the thesaurus if there is one </li></ul><ul><li>Use Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) </li></ul><ul><li>Use appropriate truncation </li></ul><ul><li>Limit your search results </li></ul>
    8. 8. Keywords <ul><li>Be clear about the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of related terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Variation in word endings. </li></ul><ul><li>Synonyms, homonyms. </li></ul><ul><li>Variant terminology and spelling. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Thesaurus <ul><li>Thesaurus – a controlled vocabulary of subject keywords. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures that all items on a particular topic have standard search terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Using thesaurus terms can help you to focus your search. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Truncation <ul><li>Truncation allows you to look for all forms of word….plurals, variant endings. </li></ul><ul><li>Type in start of word plus truncation symbol: </li></ul><ul><li>($ * ? #) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Boolean Searching Record contains both A and B Record contains A but not B Record contains either A or B
    12. 12. English Language Proficiency for Academic Purposes - Mind Map EAP English Language United Kingdom Language Proficiency
    13. 13. Limiting Your Search Results <ul><li>Too many hits: </li></ul><ul><li>Add additional keywords with AND </li></ul><ul><li>Use more specific keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Use thesaurus terms </li></ul><ul><li>Limit by particular fields </li></ul><ul><li>Too few hits: </li></ul><ul><li>Check your spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Use truncation </li></ul><ul><li>Use all possible synonyms for topic </li></ul><ul><li>Terminology can differ </li></ul><ul><li>Use alternative spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Combine keywords using OR </li></ul><ul><li>Check the thesaurus terms </li></ul>
    14. 14. “ Snowballing” <ul><li>Move from the specific to the general - just one useful reference can lead you to more. </li></ul><ul><li>Note keywords assigned to reference(s) in the database - use these to run a new search. </li></ul><ul><li>Search for other writings by same author. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow up on references used by author in bibliography. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Help with using databases Help with your search strategy http://www.lib.ed.ac.uk/howto/searchstrat.html Database help http://www.lib.ed.ac.uk/howto/#db Getting to know a database http:// www.lib.ed.ac.uk/howto/Database.pdf
    16. 18. New Service
    17. 20. E-Journals <ul><li>Look up journal title in the Catalogue </li></ul><ul><li>Use the E-journals list </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lib.ed.ac.uk/resources/collections/serials/ejintro.shtml </li></ul>
    18. 21. Scholarly Alerts SARA http:// www.tandf.co.uk/sara / ZETOC http:// etoc.mimas.ac.uk /
    19. 23. Pre-prints Edinburgh Research Archive http:www.lib.ed.ac.uk/news/era.shtml Educati on-line http:// www.leeds.ac.uk/educol /
    20. 24. Good Googling! Google Help http:// www.google.com /support Google Guide http://www.googleguide.com/index.html Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com/ Google Print http:// books.google.com /
    21. 25. Not just Google…. <ul><li>Other search engines </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lib.ed.ac.uk/resources/netsearch/srchtool2.shtml#engines </li></ul>
    22. 26. Webpage Evaluation 1 <ul><li>Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Is the author identifiable? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the author have good credentials? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the location appropriate (ac.uk, .edu, </li></ul><ul><li>gov, gov.uk) </li></ul><ul><li>Are comments and enquiries invited? </li></ul>
    23. 27. Webpage Evaluation 2 <ul><li>Content: </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy, bias, identifiable sources </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensiveness (is this an aspect of a topic, or a complete picture?) </li></ul><ul><li>Currency (date of last update?) </li></ul><ul><li>Links (are they relevant? Do they work?) </li></ul>
    24. 28. Webpage Evaluation 3 <ul><li>Style and functionality: </li></ul><ul><li>Is the site easy to navigate? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the site well organised and clear? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a search tool, if the site is big? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there any prerequisites? (e.g. Java, browser version, Flash, plug-ins) </li></ul><ul><li>Is the style appropriate for an academic context? </li></ul>
    25. 29. Internet Help Internet Detective http://www.vts.intute.ac.uk/detective/ Intute Virtual Training Suite http://www.vts.intute.ac.uk/ TONIC http:// www.netskills.ac.uk /
    26. 30. [email_address] Thanks – and Good Luck!