Public speaking

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  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • Public speaking

    1. 1. “ Public Speaking” You can speak well if your tongue can deliver the message of your heart.  
    2. 2. What is Public Speaking? <ul><li>Public speaking is an art of presenting an idea a product or a service to the crowd or to the public. </li></ul><ul><li>It’ s a challenging art to master since it will require the speaker to persuade the crowd or at least carefully educate the listeners about the topic discussed. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Speaking Opportunities <ul><li>At work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selling your ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer Presentations and Reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Daily Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School Board Meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Town Zoning Board Meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PTA Meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boy and Girl Scout Meetings </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. An Impromptu Speech <ul><li>An impromptu speech is the most difficult form of public speaking assignment. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a type of speech that will not give you enough time to prepare. </li></ul><ul><li>But even with little to no preparation, you are still expected to deliver a great speech. </li></ul><ul><li>A badly delivered speech is inexcusable even though you didn’t have any time to prepare. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Feeling fear is normal…..
    6. 6. What makes a GOOD host? <ul><li>Attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul><ul><li>Humble </li></ul><ul><li>BE YOURSELF. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Fear of Public Speaking <ul><li>You may be judged by all those people, and judged badly </li></ul><ul><li>You might make mistakes and lose your way </li></ul><ul><li>You'll be completely humiliated </li></ul><ul><li>You'll never be as good as _________ (fill in the blank) </li></ul><ul><li>'They' won't like you </li></ul><ul><li>'They' won't 'get' what you're trying to say </li></ul>
    8. 8. Effective Communication <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Presence </li></ul>
    9. 9. STRATEGIES TO REDUCE FEAR <ul><li>Know your E nvironment </li></ul><ul><li>Know your A udience </li></ul><ul><li>Know your S peech </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to R elax </li></ul><ul><li>Visualize a S uccessful S peech </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate Y ourself </li></ul>
    10. 10. Sample Speech Outline <ul><li>I. Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thesis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>II. Body </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>support arguments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>III. Conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>review </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Beginning and Ending <ul><li>BEGINNING </li></ul><ul><li>Get Attention and Interest </li></ul><ul><li>Reveal the Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Credibility and Goodwill </li></ul><ul><li>Preview the body of the speech </li></ul><ul><li>ENDING </li></ul><ul><li>Signal the End of the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce the central idea </li></ul>
    12. 12. Effective Communication <ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><li>- practice makes perfect </li></ul><ul><li>- revision </li></ul><ul><li>- get time right </li></ul>
    13. 13. Effective Communication <ul><li>Presence </li></ul><ul><li>-nervousness- fright is common </li></ul><ul><li>-Body language </li></ul><ul><li>-voice tone </li></ul><ul><li>-gestures </li></ul><ul><li>-eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>-positive attitude </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    14. 15. <ul><li>How to use the public speaking environment???? </li></ul><ul><li>Try not to get stuck in one place. </li></ul><ul><li>Use all the space that's available to you. </li></ul><ul><li>Move around. </li></ul><ul><li>One way to do this is to leave your notes in one place and move to another. </li></ul><ul><li>If your space is confined (say a meeting room or even presenting at a table) use stronger body language to convey your message. </li></ul>
    15. 16. Things You Shouldn’t Do <ul><li>Read directly from notes </li></ul><ul><li>Read directly from screen </li></ul><ul><li>Turn back on audience </li></ul><ul><li>Slouch, hands in pockets </li></ul><ul><li>No um, ah, you know’s </li></ul><ul><li>No nervous gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Talk too fast, </li></ul><ul><li>Talk too quietly </li></ul>
    16. 17. Things You Should Do <ul><li>Eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Can glance at notes </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical questions to involve audience </li></ul>
    17. 18. Ways to keep your audience awake….. <ul><li>Ask rhetorical questions </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain eye contact for a second or two with as many people as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Be provocative </li></ul><ul><li>Be challenging </li></ul><ul><li>Change the pace of your delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Change the volume of your voice </li></ul>
    18. 19. Adapting to the Audience <ul><li>Before the Speech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess how the audience is likely to respond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust what you say to make it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Convincing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>During the Speech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Things may/will not go exactly as you plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t panic, remain calm and adapt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who am I speaking to? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What do I want them to know, believe or do? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the best way to accomplish this? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Practice, practice, practice </li></ul>
    19. 20. Ten Successful Tips Control the “Butterflies” <ul><li>Know the room- become familiar with the place of presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Know the audience- greet or chat with the audience before hand. It’s easier to speak to friends than to strangers </li></ul><ul><li>Know your material-increased nervousness is due to un-preparedness </li></ul>
    20. 21. Control the “Butterflies” <ul><li>Relaxation- relax entire body by stretching and breathing so as to ease the tension </li></ul><ul><li>Visualize giving your speech-Visualize yourself giving your speech from start to finish. By visualizing yourself successful, you will be successful </li></ul>
    21. 22. Control the “Butterflies” <ul><li>People want you to succeed-the audience is there to see you succeed not to fail </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t apologize-by mentioning your nervousness or apologizing, you’ll only be calling the audience’s attention to mistakes </li></ul>
    22. 23. Control the “Butterflies” <ul><li>Concentrate on your message-not the medium. Focus on the message you are trying to convey and not on your anxieties </li></ul><ul><li>Turn nervousness into positive energy-nervousness increases adrenaline, transform it into vitality and enthusiasm </li></ul>
    23. 24. Control the “Butterflies” <ul><li>Gain experience-experience builds confidence, which is key to effective public speaking </li></ul>
    24. 25. Practice takes you from this..
    25. 26. To this….
    26. 27. Thank you!!!!!!

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