Varieties of english (map)

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Varieties of english (map)

  1. 1. Paulina Rubilar Palma. Universidad Católica de la Ss. Concepción
  2. 2. Types of VariationTypes of Variation There are five major types of variation:There are five major types of variation: Region Social Group Field of Discourse Medium AttitudeRegion Social Group Field of Discourse Medium Attitude
  3. 3. Regional Variation It is related to the language UserIt is related to the language User People use a regional variety because they live in a region or have once lived in that region.People use a regional variety because they live in a region or have once lived in that region. can be defined into DIALECTScan be defined into DIALECTS the classic basis of English Dialects have resultedthe classic basis of English Dialects have resulted linguistic variation. the regional separation oflinguistic variation. the regional separation of communities within thecommunities within the bristish isles and the worldbristish isles and the world
  4. 4. Social VariationSocial Variation People use a social variaty because of their affiliation with a social group.People use a social variaty because of their affiliation with a social group. differ according todiffer according to there is an important polaritythere is an important polarity between uneducated and educatedbetween uneducated and educated education,education, speech.speech. socioeconomic group,socioeconomic group, ethnic group,ethnic group, Nonstandar & standar ( English.)Nonstandar & standar ( English.) age and sex.age and sex. the degree of acceptance. It is used in goverment,the degree of acceptance. It is used in goverment, law court and is taught in the schoollaw court and is taught in the school National Standars of EnglishNational Standars of English British (BrE) & American (AmE)British (BrE) & American (AmE) Are predominant, both in the number of distinctive usages and in the degree to which theseAre predominant, both in the number of distinctive usages and in the degree to which these distinctions are institutionalizeddistinctions are institutionalized
  5. 5. Differences between BrE & AmEDifferences between BrE & AmE Grammatical differencesGrammatical differences PP for GetPP for Get Only oneOnly one has two Past Participleshas two Past Participles either a singular A singulareither a singular A singular or a plural is requiredor a plural is required Plural/ singularPlural/ singular verb may be Whereasverb may be Whereas used with aused with a singular collectivesingular collective nounnoun Ex. The goverment {is / are} in favour ofEx. The goverment {is / are} in favour of economic sanctions.economic sanctions. Lexical Diferences BrE AmELexical Diferences BrE AmE there are far morenumerous, but many Radio sets have had , but ,there are far morenumerous, but many Radio sets have had , but , TubesTubes in AmEin AmE of these are familiar to users of both standarsof these are familiar to users of both standars ValvesValves Television sets haveTelevision sets have TubesTubes in bothin both
  6. 6. PronunciationPronunciation In BrE (RP) is the accent associated with the older schools and universities of England. British Variety of English is teaching as a foregin language.
  7. 7. Other National StandardsOther National Standards ScotsScots Hiberno-English, or Irish EnglishHiberno-English, or Irish English Canadian EnglishCanadian English South AfricaSouth Africa AustraliaAustralia New ZelandNew Zeland There are emerging standards in countriesThere are emerging standards in countries where English is a second language.where English is a second language.
  8. 8. Field of discourse variationField of discourse variation The field of discourse is the type of activity enganged in through language.The field of discourse is the type of activity enganged in through language. (( set of lexical items habitually used for handling the field in question:set of lexical items habitually used for handling the field in question: law, cookery, engineering, etc).law, cookery, engineering, etc).
  9. 9. Medium VariationMedium Variation Are the differences between spoken and written English.Are the differences between spoken and written English. Written mediumWritten medium: writers must be more explicit: writers must be more explicit to ensure that they are undertood.to ensure that they are undertood. Spoken medium:Spoken medium: are used many devices to transmitare used many devices to transmit language. (stress, rhythm, intonation, etc).language. (stress, rhythm, intonation, etc).
  10. 10. Attitude VariationAttitude Variation Attitude or Stylistic are associated with the purpose of our communication.Attitude or Stylistic are associated with the purpose of our communication. Formal & InformalFormal & Informal ( Polite ) ( Relaxed, Casual )( Polite ) ( Relaxed, Casual )

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