Constructivism pp

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Constructivism pp

  1. 1. Ross
  2. 2.  Theory on how people learn Based on observation People learn through experience and reflection Constructivism
  3. 3.  Jean Piaget Jerome Bruner Lev Vygotsky John Dewey
  4. 4.  Developed cognitive learning theory 4 Cognitive Stages ◦ 1. Sensorimotor ◦ 2. Preoperational ◦ 3. Concrete Operational ◦ 4. Formal Operational Ideas of adaptation, assimilation, and accommodation Focused on development of children
  5. 5.  Believes in an active, or participatory, learning process Learning occurs through mental modeling and association Believes the key to learning is through discovery
  6. 6.  Developed social cognition Emphasis on social development and culture Idea of a zone of proximal development Collaborative Learning – being able to understand a concept with assistance from other people (such as a teacher)
  7. 7.  Father of American Education Education is a social process Learning should include realistic examples Learning must come from a student’s want to learn, not from a need to learn Student-directed learning
  8. 8.  Active process Idea of constructing knowledge rather than acquiring it Differs from person to person People bring in their experiences and cultural factors
  9. 9.  Students assess how they are gaining knowledge Teachers help construct knowledge Teachers act as guides Technology cultivates student learning and understanding through: o Online research (databases, web sites) o Microsoft programs (word, excel, PowerPoint)
  10. 10.  Constructivism is important for applied mathematics (Trigonometry, Calculus, Statistics) Constructivism is important, but must not be heavily relied on A balanced learning experience comes from multiple theories and instructional practices
  11. 11.  Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating technology in a connected world (7th edition) http://www.learning- theories.com/constructivism.html http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2cl ass/constructivism/index.html

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