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Magna carta


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Magna carta

  1. 1. Magna CartaRincie Thuita
  2. 2. History Thefeudal system brought by the Normans in 1066 believed the King’s word was law. Conflict between King John and the barons and bishops arose because of the taxes imposed on the people and disputes with the Pope.
  3. 3. The Rebellion  During his reign King John’s high taxes, unsuccessful wars, and conflict with the Pope made him unpopular with his people.  1209 and 1212, barons began to conspire against the king . Three years later some of the most notable barons claimed they would "stand fast for the liberty of the church and the realm"
  4. 4. Creation of the Document After the defeat of England to France over land, King John placed harsh laws over his subjects, such as demanding very high taxes and by allowing his deputies to treat the people haphazardly January 1215, English barons demanded fair treatment from, and signed by, King John. The barons then captured London in May 1215
  5. 5. Creation of the Document contin’d With the fear of civil war at home King John and the barons met at Runnymede, 20 miles south-west of London to negotiate the balance of power between the king, barons, and the king’s subjects. On June 15, 1215, King John sealed the document, Articles of the Barons. June 19, 1215 the final document, Magna Carta, was completed.
  6. 6. The Great Charter of 1215 a document that was created during the ruling of King John of England (1166 - 1216) The charter reduced the power the King of England holds and the formation of a parliament. The Magna Carta later became the basis for English citizens rights.
  7. 7. The Magna Carta Drafted by Archbishop Stephen Langton and some of the most powerful English barons. Also referred to as the Magna Charter or the Great Charter Considered to be the first constitutional government in England
  8. 8. Clauses  Magna Carta is a preamble and 63 clauses  Clause 10 : children would not pay interest on a debt they inherited while under age  Clause 48 stated that all evil customs connected with forests were to be abolished  Clause 50 stated that no member of the dAthée family(Gérard dAthée valued by the king, and resented by the barons) could be a royal officer.  Clauses 12 and 14 :taxes can only be assessed by the common counsel  Clause 45 :King can only appoint justices, constables, sheriffs, or bailiffs who know the law and land  Clause 12: the King cannot set any new laws without consulting the archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls and greater barons
  9. 9. Magna Carta Law IntactToday Clause 39 of the 1215 charter states the right of due process “not deny any man either justice or right”  When King John was in power he would arbitrarily imprison members of the kingdom During the colonization of America in the 17th and 18th centuries, Englishmen embodied the Magna Carta to establish colonies such as the Massachusetts Bay Company charter, also the framers of the Declaration of Independence were somewhat influenced by the Magna Carta
  10. 10. Works Cited "Magna Charta." Wests Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. 2 Nov. 2011 <>. Magna Carta 1215. . 3 Nov. 2011 < ts/magna_carta_1215.htm>. Magna Carta 1215. . 2 Nov. 2011 < carta.htm>. J. C. Dickinson. Clauses Still in Force Today. . 3 Nov. 2011 < es_still_in_force_today>.