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The Best Practice of Urban Regeneration for Declined Neighborhood in Korea - Kyoo Hong Hwang

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The Best Practice of Urban Regeneration for Declined Neighborhood in Korea - Kyoo Hong Hwang - Third Expert Meeting of the Regional Slum Upgrading Working Group (RSUWG) - 29th. of November to the 1st. of December 2015 in Laleh International Hotel, Tehran, I.R. of Iran

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The Best Practice of Urban Regeneration for Declined Neighborhood in Korea - Kyoo Hong Hwang

  1. 1. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice The Best Practice of Kyoo Hong Hwang Urban Regeneration for Declined Neighborhood in Korea
  2. 2. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 2 CONTENTS 1st : Declined Neighborhood 2nd : Urban Housing Policy 3rd : Case Study - Urban Decline as Slum District - Urban Renewal & Urban Regeneration - Jeonju case
  3. 3. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 3 Urban Decline A Mega City Inner Decline Urban Sprawl Urban Sprawl
  4. 4. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 4 Urban Decline of Local Cities Residential Area
  5. 5. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 5 Urban Decline of Local Cities Commercial Area
  6. 6. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 6 1970 Improvement of Shanty town 1980 Improvement of general single house 1990 Reconstruction & Redevelopment Housing 2000 Big-scaled Urban Renewal 2010 Urban Regeneration Flow of Urban Renewal
  7. 7. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 7 1971 Housing Construction Promotion Act(revised, 2002) Housing Site Development Promotion Act Urban Redevelopment Act Urban Development Act Urban Rearrangement Acceleration Act Urban Regeneration Act 1976 1981 Flow of Legal Act 2002 Urban & ResidentialEnvironment ArrangementAct Urban Planning Act 1987 2000 2005 2013 Period of forming urban basic frame Period of urban extension Period of urban renewal and regeneration (Wecallit UrbanRenewalAct
  8. 8. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 8 Types of Urban Renewal Housing Reconstruction Housing Redevelopment Mixed-use Development Residential Environment Improvement Block Housing Renewal Residential Environment Management 2012 Some improvement By Urban & Residential Environment ArrangementAct,2002
  9. 9. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 9 Low-rise Apt+old+profit ▶ Rebuilding (Sungnam, 1990’) The Rebuilding projects were implemented under three conditions as follows ; 1. Low-rise apartment building 2. More 20-year-old apartment building 3. Developer and land-owner’s profit
  10. 10. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 10 Single houses+decrepit+profit ▶ Redevelopment (Nangok, Seoul, 2006) The Redevelopment projects were implemented under three conditions as follows ; 1. Gathering Single Houses 2. Decrepit Houses 3. Developer and land-owner’s profit
  11. 11. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 11 BusinessArea+Profit ▶ Mixed-use Development (Mokpo) (Busan) The Mixed-use Development projects were implemented under two conditions as follows ; 1. Land uses is for Business zone 2. Developer and land-owner’s profit
  12. 12. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 12 Single house + low-income + decrepit ▶ Residential Environment Improvement (Yangrim, Gwangju) The Residential Environment Improvement projects were implemented under three conditions as follows ; 1. Gathering Single Houses 2. The residents is low-income people 3. The houses is decrepit
  13. 13. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 13 Decrepit+Block area+small-scale▶ Renewal Block Housing
  14. 14. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 14 Decrepit + Conservation ▶ Residential Environment Management Origin of REM : Seoul’s Human Town, 2010 Low-rise residential district integrated with both the apartment’s merit (such as security system, comfort facilities) and low-rise housing’s merit (such as human- friendly alley and alive community) 14
  15. 15. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 15 Paradigm Shifts in Urban Improvement owners profitability the capital region physical improvement projects existing inhabitants and communities local big and medium-sized cities comprehensive improvement and revitalization subject site method
  16. 16. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 16 - Fosterage of Urban central function - Extension of employment - Conservation of Historic and Cultural Environment - Air quality - Traffic environment - Environment-friendly - Energy-saving Development - Supply of the low-income housing - Improvement of existing residential environment - Maintaining established Communities - Stabilization of Housing Price Consolidation of Urban Competitive power Improvement of The Urban environment quality Residential Settlement Stability Sustainable Urban Development - A Comprehensive management - To continuously improve economical, social, and physically declined areas - With partnership between public and private sector - On Strategy plan frame - For the progress of the whole city Notion of Urban Regeneration Source : Pinfield(1997), “Sustainability Indicators”
  17. 17. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 17 Jeonju Case Urban Regeneration in Declined Neighborhood
  18. 18. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 18 [Location in South Korea] [Location in Jeonju]
  19. 19. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 19 Nosongcheon Stream Area in the Jungang-dong Commercial Zone in Jeonju Deteriorated Condition of the Residential Zone of Jeonju
  20. 20. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 20 Another example of an urban regenerative testbed in order to secure community resilience is the Nosong-dong and Jungang-dong regions of Jeonju. Improvement of the Deteriorated
  21. 21. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 21 Around this area, community business were established to resolve various local problems. Education Practice Cooperati ve Community Business
  22. 22. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 22 The Jeonju testbed tried various approaches in order to provide the necessary space for the local meetings, training, and practicing. Securing the Base Facility in
  23. 23. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 23
  24. 24. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 24
  25. 25. Slum Upgrading : Bridging the Gap between Policy and Practice 25 Social Economy Cultural Physical

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