Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Slums identification indicators in Pakdasht and Mallard, I.R. of Iran - Dr. Guiti ETEMAD

695 views

Published on

Slums identification indicators in Pakdasht and Mallard, I.R. of Iran - Dr. Guiti ETEMAD - Third Expert Meeting of the Regional Slum Upgrading Working Group (RSUWG) - 29th. of November to the 1st. of December 2015 in Laleh International Hotel, Tehran, I.R. of Iran

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Slums identification indicators in Pakdasht and Mallard, I.R. of Iran - Dr. Guiti ETEMAD

  1. 1. ‫شاخص‬‫‏‬‫سکونت‬‫شناخت‬‫های‬‫‏‬‫گاه‬‫‏‬‫سمی‬‫ر‬‫غیر‬‫های‬ ‫پاکدشت‬ ‫شهرهای‬‫مالرد‬‫و‬‫‏‬ ‫ان‬‫ر‬‫ای‬‫ر‬‫کشو‬ Slums identification indicators Pakdasht&Mallard, Iran
  2. 2. ‫ها‬ ‫شاخص‬‫ی‬‫مالرد‬ ‫و‬ ‫پاکدشت‬ ‫در‬ ‫کاررفته‬ ‫به‬ ‫کلیدی‬ The Key Indicators for Pakdasht & Mallard survey: 1- the location of the settlements‫‏‬  Inside the city  Suburb  Suitability of the location 1-‫‏‬‫موقعیت‬‫سکونت‬‫‏‬‫گاه‬‫‏‬‫ها‬‫‏‬ ‫شهر‬‫داخل‬‫‏‬ ‫امون‬‫ر‬‫پی‬‫‏‬ ‫مکان‬‫بودن‬‫مناسب‬‫‏‬
  3. 3. 2- land situation  Land readjustment parcels  Average surface area of parcels  Ownership, etc. 2-‫‏‬‫زمین‬‫وضعیت‬‫‏‬ ‫‏‬ ‫تفکیکی‬‫قطعات‬‫‏‬ ‫قطعات‬‫مساحت‬‫متوسط‬‫‏‬ ‫غیره‬‫و‬‫مالکیت‬‫‏‬
  4. 4. 3- infrastructure and basic public services  Access to water supplies  Access to electricity  Access to swage system, etc.  Access to school, medical care, etc. 3-‫‏‬‫عمومی‬‫خدمات‬ ‫و‬‫ها‬‫زیرساخت‬‫‏‬ ‫‏‬ ‫کشی‬‫لوله‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫به‬‫دسترسی‬‫‏‬ ‫برق‬‫شبکه‬‫به‬‫دسترسی‬‫‏‬ ‫فاضالب‬‫شبکه‬‫به‬‫دسترسی‬‫‏‬ ‫غیره‬‫و‬‫درمانی‬‫مرکز‬،‫مدرسه‬‫به‬‫دسترسی‬‫‏‬
  5. 5. 4-housing characteristics  Quality and quantity of buildings  Average surface of built area  concentration of households 4-‫‏‬‫ویژگی‬‫‏‬‫مسکن‬‫های‬‫‏‬ ‫‏‬ ‫ساختمان‬‫کیفیت‬‫و‬‫کمیت‬‫‏‬‫ها‬‫‏‬ ‫زیربنا‬‫مساحت‬‫متوسط‬‫‏‬ ‫خانوار‬‫اکم‬‫ر‬‫ت‬‫‏‬
  6. 6. 5-households characteristics  Employment  Income  Education  ….. 5-‫‏‬‫ویژگی‬‫‏‬‫خانوار‬‫های‬‫‏‬ ‫‏‬ ‫اشتغال‬‫‏‬ ‫مد‬‫ا‬‫ر‬‫د‬ ‫تحصیالت‬‫‏‬ .... ‫‏‬
  7. 7. -‫بلوک‬ ‫برخورداری‬ ‫میزان‬‫لوله‬ ‫آب‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫کشی‬urban blocks with water supply Percentage of -‫میزان‬‫بلوک‬ ‫برخورداری‬‫برق‬ ‫شبکه‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫شهری‬Percentage of urban blocks with electricity supply -‫میزان‬‫بلوک‬ ‫برخورداری‬‫گاز‬ ‫شبکه‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫شهری‬Percentage of Urban blocks with gas supply -‫میزان‬‫بلوک‬ ‫برخورداری‬‫دفع‬ ‫سیستم‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫فاضالب‬Urban blocks with sewage system Percentage of -‫میانگین‬‫بلوک‬ ‫سطح‬ ‫در‬ ‫خانوار‬ ‫اختیار‬ ‫در‬ ‫اتاق‬‫های‬‫شهری‬average of rooms occupied by households in urban blocks -‫سهم‬‫بلوک‬ ‫سطح‬ ‫در‬ ‫سکونت‬ ‫تسهیالت‬ ‫و‬ ‫امکانات‬ ‫تمامی‬ ‫دارای‬ ‫خانوارهای‬‫های‬‫شهری‬ -Percentage of households with full public facilities in urban blocks -‫پراکنش‬‫کاربری‬‫خدماتی‬ ‫های‬(‫فرهنگی‬ ،‫بهداشتی‬ ،‫درمانی‬ ،‫آموزشی‬-‫و‬ ‫سبز‬ ‫فضای‬ ،‫هنری‬)...‫بلوک‬ ‫سطح‬ ‫در‬‫های‬ ‫شهری‬ -Distribution of public services ( educational, medical,…) -‫سهم‬‫سبک‬ ‫خودروی‬ ‫از‬ ‫خانوارها‬ ‫برخورداری‬‫بلوک‬ ‫سطح‬ ‫در‬‫های‬‫شهری‬Percentage of all households)car ownership ( -‫سهم‬‫شخصی‬ ‫رایانه‬ ‫از‬ ‫خانوار‬ ‫برخورداری‬‫بلوک‬ ‫سطح‬ ‫در‬‫های‬‫شهری‬Computer ownership General indicators ‫شاخص‬‫عمومی‬ ‫های‬
  8. 8. -‫بنا‬ ‫سازه‬(‫بلوک‬ ‫سهم‬‫نامقاوم‬ ‫و‬ ‫مقاوم‬ ‫نیمه‬ ‫مسکن‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬) -building structure (Percentage of semi reinforced and non reinforced structure) -‫سهم‬‫بلوک‬‫کارگران‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫ساده‬Percentage of unskilled workers in urban blocks -‫سهم‬‫بلوک‬‫جمعیت‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫بی‬‫سواد‬Percentage of illiterate in urban blocks -‫سهم‬‫بلوک‬‫جمعیت‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫بیکار‬Percentage of unemployment -‫میانگین‬‫بلوک‬ ‫سطح‬ ‫در‬ ‫ساختمانی‬ ‫طبقات‬‫های‬‫شهری‬average of building floors in urban blocks -‫میانگین‬‫بلوک‬ ‫سطح‬ ‫در‬ ‫بنا‬ ‫عمر‬‫های‬‫شهری‬average of building age in urban blocks -‫قیمت‬‫سطح‬ ‫در‬ ‫زمین‬‫شهر‬cost of land -‫ابنیه‬ ‫کیفیت‬quality of structure -‫سهم‬‫بلوک‬‫متولدین‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫غیربومی‬Percentage of non local residence -‫سهم‬‫بلوک‬‫وارد‬ ‫مهاجران‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫شده‬Percentage of immigrants -‫سهم‬‫بلوک‬‫و‬ ‫خدمات‬ ‫برابر‬ ‫در‬ ‫سکونت‬ ‫از‬ ‫شهری‬ ‫های‬‫رایگان‬Percentage of resident provided free of charge -‫اتاق‬ ‫در‬ ‫نفر‬Person per rooms (positively weighted for higher overcrowding)
  9. 9. ‫بندی‬ ‫پهنه‬ ‫و‬ ‫شناسایی‬‫فقر‬poverty mapping ‫سهم‬‫خودروی‬ ‫از‬ ‫برخوردار‬ ‫خانوارهای‬‫سبک‬Percentage of car ownership ‫اتاق‬ ‫در‬ ‫نفر‬Person per rooms (positively weighted for higher overcrowding) ‫سهم‬‫کارگران‬ ‫گروه‬‫ساده‬Percentage of the unskilled workers ‫نیمه‬ ‫و‬ ‫نامقاوم‬ ‫مسکن‬ ‫سهم‬‫مقاوم‬(‫سازه‬ ‫فاقد‬) Percentage of non reinforced house and semi reinforced house (without structure) ‫سهم‬‫از‬ ‫برخوردار‬ ‫خانوارهای‬‫رایانه‬Computer ownership (negatively weighted for owners)
  10. 10. The cities selected for testing the application of study for informal urban settlements, were Pakdasht & Mallard, located some 40 kilometers southeast of the metropolitan capital, Tehran. The selected cities: 1- Pakdasht: in 2014, Pakdasht has an estimated population of about 200.000. The selected cities
  11. 11. At the time of writing Pakdasht experiences several problems which adversely affect the quality of life in the city. Pakdasht city problems
  12. 12. Some of the major problems in Pakdasht include:  The Tehran-Mashhad highway, a main busy intercity road passes through the Pakdasht urban fabric;  Insufficient urban services and infrastructure;  Lack of an adequate urban access network;  Cultural inconsistency among diverse minority groups;  High rate crime, juvenile delinquency and lack of safety and security  Lack of place attachment;  Traffic consequently, inaccessibility for commuters;  The existence of multiple informal settlements;  Urban sprawl and encroachment In Parchin and Jajrood natural reserves, in particular by informal settlements;  The existence of vast production plants and brick kilns within the city boundaries problems
  13. 13. Qarb-e-Ostad Shahriyar Neighbourhood, North of the City Rapid illegal construction overnight Zeynabyieh informal settlement south of Pakdasht City Houses built around high voltage power network
  14. 14. Opportunities Some of the major opportunities in pakdasht include:  Availability of cheap land, originally used for agriculture and later turned into informal residential settlements;  The existence of vast area with agricultural and horticultural land use;  An abundance of cheap labor;  Several manufacturing plants, hence a ,multitude of employment opportunities;  Being located in the vicinity of a major transportation highway;  …..
  15. 15. Central areas of Pakdasht City The quality of buildings is drastically better as compared with informal settlements
  16. 16. To test the indicators in pakdasht city, three informal settlements were selected in different parts of the city pursuant to an initial study. These include Qarb-e-Ostad Shahriyar in the north, vosat Avenue (Qohe) in the southwest, Zeynabiyeh in the north. Questionnaires in the south were designed and filled by all residents of one of the three locations and by a selected sample of residents of the other two. Testing methodology
  17. 17. ‫پاکدشت‬ ‫شهر‬ ‫در‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫بندی‬ ‫پهنه‬ ‫مدل‬ of pakdasht citymappingPercentage of the unskilled workers
  18. 18. ‫پاکدشت‬ ‫شهر‬ ‫در‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫بندی‬ ‫پهنه‬ ‫مدل‬ of pakdasht citymappingPercentage of car ownership
  19. 19. ‫پاکدشت‬ ‫شهر‬ ‫در‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫بندی‬ ‫پهنه‬ ‫مدل‬ Computer ownership mapping of pakdasht city
  20. 20. ‫پاکدشت‬ ‫شهر‬ ‫در‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫بندی‬ ‫پهنه‬ ‫مدل‬ Percentage of non reinforced house and semi reinforced house mapping
  21. 21. ‫پاکدشت‬ ‫شهر‬ ‫در‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫بندی‬ ‫پهنه‬ ‫مدل‬ Person per rooms mapping of pakdasht city
  22. 22. ‫پاکدشت‬ ‫شهر‬ ‫در‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫بندی‬ ‫پهنه‬ ‫مدل‬ poverty mapping of Pakdasht city
  23. 23. situation of informal settlements in pakdasht
  24. 24. ‫سکونتگاه‬‫در‬‫فقر‬‫شاخص‬‫میانگین‬‫نمودار‬‫و‬‫جدول‬‫غیررسمی‬ Table& Diagram: Average of poverty indicators in informal settlements The average of poverty indicator 0.71933 0.7428 0.49747 0.44567 0.711 Gharbe shahriyar zeynabiyeh vosat Hesar amir Shahrak enqelab
  25. 25. ‫شهریار‬‫استاد‬‫غرب‬ Ostad shahriar
  26. 26. ‫زینبیه‬‫محله‬ zeynabiyeh
  27. 27. ‫وسعت‬‫کوچه‬ ‫قوهه‬ VOSAAT
  28. 28. ‫شهریار‬‫استاد‬‫غرب‬ Qarbe shahriyar
  29. 29. ‫انقالب‬‫شهرک‬ Shahrak Enqelab
  30. 30. ‫ی‬‫شناسای‬‫پهنه‬‫ی‬‫شهر‬‫فقر‬‫های‬‫‏‬ ‫مالرد‬‫شهر‬،‫هدف‬‫محالت‬ poverty mapping of Mallard city (informal settlements)
  31. 31. The next city selected for testing the application of study for informal urban settlements, was Mallard, located some 50 kilometers southwest of the metropolitan of Tehran. - Mallard population : in 2011, was about 290441. The selected cities
  32. 32. of Mallard citymappingPercentage of car ownership
  33. 33. Person per rooms mapping of Mallard city
  34. 34. of Mallard citymappingPercentage of the unskilled workers
  35. 35. Percentage of non reinforced house and semi reinforced house mapping
  36. 36. Computer ownership mapping of Mallard city
  37. 37. poverty mapping of Mallard city
  38. 38. ‫پاکدشت‬ ‫شهر‬ ‫در‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫بندی‬ ‫پهنه‬ ‫مدل‬ The selected Neighborhoods , empowerments and improvements
  39. 39. ‫در‬‫فقر‬‫شاخص‬‫میانگین‬‫نمودار‬‫و‬‫جدول‬‫سمی‬‫ر‬‫غیر‬‫سکونتگاه‬ Table& Diagram: Average of poverty indicators in informal settlements ‫محالت‬‫شهری‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫میانگین‬‫بلوک‬ ‫تعداد‬ ‫جعفریه‬-19 ‫بسیج‬ ‫خیابان‬0.6919 ‫مالرد‬ ‫روستای‬0.6026 ‫جنوبی‬ ‫سرآسیاب‬0.5327 ‫برسر‬ ‫دست‬ ‫شهید‬0.6129 ‫طالئی‬0.7015 ‫شهر‬(‫جعفریه‬ ‫محله‬ ‫بدون‬)0.42532 Average of poverty indicators 0.69 0.60 0.530.61 0.70 jafariye basij village shahid talayi total (city) sarasiyab
  40. 40. THE END ‫پایان‬

×