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Design for Inclusivity: Urban Design Strategies for the Urban Poor at city peripheries

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Design for Inclusivity: Urban Design Strategies for the Urban Poor at city peripheries - Prof. Arunava Dasgupta (Department of Urban Design, School of Planning and Architecture Delhi) - 14-16 December 2016, India, 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development

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Design for Inclusivity: Urban Design Strategies for the Urban Poor at city peripheries

  1. 1. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Department Of Urban Design Design for Inclusivity Urban Design Strategies for the Urban Poor at city peripheries 1
  2. 2. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture EXPLORING THE PREMISE BRIDGING THE GAP SPATIAL PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT POLICY What is the missing link? GROUND REALITIES 2
  3. 3. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Proposals 5. By readdressing the way cities and human settlements are planned, designed, financed, developed, governed and managed, the New Urban Agenda will help to end poverty and hunger in all its forms and dimensions; reduce inequalities; promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth; achieve gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls in order to fully harness their vital contribution to sustainable development; improve human health and well-being; foster resilience; and protect the environment. 51. We commit ourselves to promoting the development of urban spatial frameworks, including urban planning and design instruments that support sustainable management and use of natural resources and land, appropriate compactness and density, polycentrism and mixed uses, through infill or planned urban extension strategies as applicable, to trigger economies of scale and agglomeration, strengthen food system planning, and enhance resource efficiency, urban resilience and environmental sustainability. 99. We will support the provision of well-designed networks of safe, accessible, green and quality streets and other public spaces that are accessible to all, free from crime and violence, including sexual harassment and gender-based violence, considering the human scale, and measures that allow for the best possible commercial use of street-level floors, fostering both formal and informal local markets and commerce, as well as not-for-profit community initiatives, bringing people into public spaces, and promoting walkability and cycling with the goal of improving health and well-being. 102. We will strive to improve capacity for urban planning and design and the provision of training for urban planners at national, subnational and local levels. NEW URBAN AGENDA Quito Declaration on Sustainable Cities and Human Settlements for All (extracts) 3
  4. 4. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture SAVDA GHERA Resettlement colony lies in Zone N and closer to the edge of Zone L. The entire Zone N is marked as urbanizable area in MPD 2021 and has been taken up for acquisition in the land pooling scheme by DDA and envisioning it to develop according to the proposed Zonal plan. Case: SAVDA GHERA a story of the urban poor having to find new life at the city periphery Master Plan Proposals 4
  5. 5. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture AREA :250 ACRE PRESENT POPULATION :37,500 PROJECTED POPULATION :1.2 lakh Developing agency :DUSIB DENSITY TARGET :600 DU/hec on residential land with 10% variation. DWELLING UNIT AREAS :(a) 25 sq.m PLOT AREAS :(b) 18 sq.m (c) 12 sq.m Proposals 5
  6. 6. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture OBJECTIVES • Creating inclusive environment(interface) • Providing livelihood opportunity (economic sustainability) • Improving natural environments • Improving social interactions • Better living conditions in terms of more habitable space, light and ventilation. • Give identity and Character VISION: “Developing a model of an inclusive and sustainable neighbourhood as a unit for a more equitable city.” Area (planning) level structure plan
  7. 7. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture The Indore Slum Networking project is a holistic approach to a community-based sanitation and environmental improvement programme. Objectives (1) A wholistic approach to environmental issues (2) A significant reduction in the cost of utilities and housing; (3) The mobilisation of material resources for the development of settlements; (4) The increase in community responsibility and control; and (5) the improvement of the overall quality of life in terms of education, health, and income generation. Case Study: Slum Networking of Indore City By Himanshu Parikh Site level structure plan 7
  8. 8. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Facilities along the green corridor
  9. 9. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture 9
  10. 10. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Department Of Urban Design Co-development A Community Based Urban Design Initiative 10
  11. 11. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture समीक्षा Review योजनाकार और डिजाइनर Planners & Designers मास्टर प्लान Master Plan मास्टर प्लान , शेत्रिय विकास योजना master plan , zonal development plan स्िीकृ त योजना Approved Plan पारंपररक योजना विवि
  12. 12. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Public consultations - invitation Local Area Planning 12
  13. 13. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Public consultation Local Area Planning
  14. 14. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Public consultation opinions and feedback Local Area Planning 14
  15. 15. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Before After Local Area Planning Before and After images captured the imagination of the local people Design proposal 15
  16. 16. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Public consultation collective exchange Local Area Planning 16
  17. 17. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture BRIDGING THE GAP SPATIAL PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT POLICY URBAN DESIGN The missing link GROUND REALITIES TAKE AWAY 17
  18. 18. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture DESIGN IN DEVELOPMENT ROLE OF URBAN DESIGN Urban Design Design ART Urban Development UTILITY MACRO Urban Planning Town/City Region District PLANNING caters to Policy for Urban Development and Resource Allocation URBAN DESIGN conceives and guides Physical Form for Urban Development MICRO Architecture Home Office Institution Cinema……etc. Street Plaza/Park Neighborhood Transit Node Campus/Precinct Townships…..etc. 18
  19. 19. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture THREE STEPS AHEAD? 1. CREATING A STRONG VISION INCORPORATING MULTIPLE IMAGINATIONS OF THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT THAT PRIORITIZES THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND THE SOCIAL RATHER THAN (PRIMARILY) THE ECONOMIC 2. FOREGROUNDING DESIGN (OF THE OPEN AND BUILT) IN THE REALIZATION OF THE PLANNED BUILT ENVIRONMENT 3. ESTABLISHING INCLUSIVE, TRANSPARENT AND ENDURING PARTNERSHIPS BETWEEN THE CITY (AUTHORITIES), CITIZENS (COMMUNITY) AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE FUTURES WAY FORWARD 19
  20. 20. U r b a n D e s i g n S t r a t e g i e s f o r t h e U r b a n P o o r a t C i t y P e r i p h e r i e sSchool of Planning and Architecture Thank you 20

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