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  1. 1. DIVISION OF YOUTH CORRECTIONS Fire Safety: Prevention, Exit Drills and Hazards
  2. 2. Fire Prevention <ul><li>The “Fire Triangle” identifies the three components of any fire: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel paper, wood, flammable gas, energized electrical equipment, etc... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy (heat), sufficient to support combustion. Often referred to as the ignition source. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxidizer (air) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IF ANY ONE OF THESE IS MISSING, A FIRE CANNOT CONTINUE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THEREFORE … </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Prevention <ul><li>Prevention is based on eliminating or minimizing one of the components of the “Fire Triangle”. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prevention <ul><li>Other fire prevention methods include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat and/or smoke detectors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic fire sprinkler systems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kitchen hood systems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building codes and materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flame retardant furnishings and materials. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Exit Drills <ul><li>DYC requires monthly fire drills conducted in all occupied locations of the facility including school buildings/areas. </li></ul><ul><li>The fire drills should include staff from all shifts on a rotating basis (i.e. one per shift per quarter). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Evacuation <ul><li>Primary and secondary evacuation routes should be established, and all employees and juveniles should be drilled to use either route. </li></ul><ul><li>Exits should be clearly marked and all signs lit and unobstructed. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Remember to RACE during a fire <ul><li>R escue – rescue clients in immediate danger. </li></ul><ul><li>A lert – yell out “Code Red”/”Fire” (or whatever your facility implementing procedure dictates) , pull fire alarm, dial emergency phone number. </li></ul><ul><li>C ontain – Close all doors and windows. </li></ul><ul><li>E xtinguish/Evacuate – Extinguish small fires, evacuate clients, if appropriate. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fire Extinguishers <ul><li>Remember this easy acronym when using an extinguisher - P.A.S.S. </li></ul><ul><li>P ull the pin. </li></ul><ul><li>A im the nozzle. </li></ul><ul><li>S queeze the handle. </li></ul><ul><li>S weep side to side at the base of the fire. </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: If, when using a fire extinguisher, the fire is physically larger than you can safely handle, evacuate the area and notify others by activating the emergency pull station and call 911. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Remember the Following <ul><li>All Juveniles shall be instructed in emergency evacuation plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking is prohibited in all state buildings and vehicles. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Staff may smoke only outside the buildings in designated areas. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The use of portable heating devices is prohibited in residential areas within DYC facilities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE END Division of Youth Corrections Office of Quality Assurance