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Das materielle Objekt in der digitalen Welt

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Vortrag beim Einstein-Zirkel Digital Humanities am 11. Oktober 2013
Digital Humanities Berlin

Published in: Education
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Das materielle Objekt in der digitalen Welt

  1. 1. Das materielle Objekt in der digitalen Welt Einstein-Zirkel Digital Humanities am 11. Oktober 2013 Digital Humanities Berlin Ralf Stockmann, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin Innovationsmanagement und wissenschaftliche Onlinedienste
  2. 2. Nur ein digitales Objekt ist ein gutes Objekt
  3. 3. Nur ein Digitalisiertes Objekt ist ein gutes Objekt
  4. 4. Der klassische Digitalisierungsprozess
  5. 5. Was sollten wir digitalisieren?
  6. 6. Was sollten wir digitalisieren?
  7. 7. Digitalisierung von Flachwaren und Büchern
  8. 8. Scanroboter
  9. 9. Grazer Buchtisch
  10. 10. Göttinger Digitalisierungszentrum GDZ
  11. 11. (Objekt) Photographie
  12. 12. Hohlkehle
  13. 13. Google Art Project
  14. 14. Blumenbach-Vitrine (Sammlungszusammenhang)
  15. 15. Rotationsphotographie
  16. 16. Beispiel: Blumenbach Online Vorteil: „echte“ Images im Dateisystem
  17. 17. 3D Scanverfahren
  18. 18. 3D Scan
  19. 19. Zwischenstufe: Wireframe
  20. 20. Texturen reproduzieren (täuschen Exaktheit nur vor)
  21. 21. http://www.bsb-muenchen.de/Aktuelles.3782+M53a06e73942.0.html
  22. 22. 3D Drucker
  23. 23. Erweiterte Scanverfahren
  24. 24. CT
  25. 25. Nur ein Digitalisiertes und erschlossenes Objekt ist ein gutes Objekt
  26. 26. Metadaten
  27. 27. Metadaten
  28. 28. Metadaten
  29. 29. Beispiel Blumenbach Online: Verknüpfung von Objekten
  30. 30. (Langzeit)Archivierung
  31. 31. Quelle: David S.H. Rosenthal, Keeping Bits safe: how hard can it Be?, Doi:10.1145/1839676.1839692, november 2010 | vol. 53 | no. 11 | communications of the acm
  32. 32. DFG 1998 „Primärdaten als Grundlagen für Veröffentlichungen sollen auf haltbaren und gesicherten Trägern in der Institution, wo sie entstanden sind, für zehn Jahre aufbewahrt werden.“ DFG, Vorschläge zur Sicherung guter wissenschaftlicher Praxis, 1998
  33. 33. DFG 2010 „[...] Wenn aus Projektmitteln systematisch (Mess-)Daten erhoben werden, die für die Nachnutzung geeignet sind, legen Sie bitte dar, welche Maßnahmen ergriffen wurden bzw. während der Laufzeit des Projektes getroffen werden, um die Daten nachhaltig zu sichern und ggf. für eine erneute Nutzung bereit zu stellen [...]“ DFG, Antragsformular, Kapitel 3.7 Umgang mit den im Projekt erzielten Forschungsdaten, 2010
  34. 34. (Langzeit)Archivierung
  35. 35. Robustheit von Datenformaten: GIF vs. TIFF Ein Bit verändert (GIF) hunderte Bits verändert (TIFF)
  36. 36. (Langzeit)Archivierung
  37. 37. Nur ein Digitalisiertes, erschlossenes und vernetztes Objekt ist ein gutes Objekt
  38. 38. Bereitstellung
  39. 39. Linked (Open) Data Cloud Wo bleiben die Anwendungen?
  40. 40. Europeana Linked Open Data (LOD) Anschauen! Nur 2 Minuten! http://vimeo.com/36752317
  41. 41. Bereitstellung
  42. 42. Beispiel: Digitalisierte Sammlungen der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin http://digital-beta.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de
  43. 43. Portale
  44. 44. NOW Selection Selection Scanning Scanning Selection Selection Production Production THEN Image Optimization, Image Optimization, Processing Processing Quality Control Quality Control OCR OCR Metadata Metadata Upload, Upload, CMS / / DMS CMS DMS
  45. 45. NOW Selection Selection Scanning Scanning Image Optimization, Image Optimization, Processing Processing Quality Control Quality Control OCR OCR Metadata Metadata Selection Selection Production Production Bibliographic && Bibliographic structural structural Metadata Metadata Named Entity Named Entity Recognition Recognition Linked Open Data Linked Open Data Upload, Upload, CMS / / DMS CMS DMS Upload, Upload, CMS / / DMS CMS DMS THEN Wir brauchen eine Schwerpunktverschiebung: Digitalisierung ist Standard, nun Focus aus Erschließung
  46. 46. Computerlinguistische Verfahren über Volltexte Semantisches Netz: Suchbegriff „Mephisto“ in Titeldaten und Inhaltsverzeichnissen von wissenschaftlichen Artikeln
  47. 47. http://www.eaqua.net/~fbaumgardt/flare/GDZ2/intraElement_filter2/ http://www.eaqua.net/~fbaumgardt/flare/GDZ/title_title/ Dieselbe Datengrundlage, allerdings zusätzlich mit Volltexten
  48. 48. Beispiel: Europeana 4D Raum/Zeitvisualisierung Metadaten als Forschungsdaten http://dev2.dariah.eu/e4d/
  49. 49. Workflow-Steuerung und arbeitsteilige Prozesse http://www.goobi.org
  50. 50. Verteilte Zuständigkeiten
  51. 51. Management Roles Partners ?/! Faculties Faculties Scientists Library Library Technical Infrastructure Curators <code> Computing Centre Computing Centre Collection Holders Collection Holders Coordinators Computer Science Computer Science Software Developers Metadata Experts GUI / Designers Production Digitization Centre Digitization Centre
  52. 52. Management – Workflow Collection Holders Collection Holders Faculties Faculties Digitization Centre Digitization Centre Computer Science Computer Science Library Library Computing Centre Computing Centre GUI / Designers Metadata Experts Curators Selection Selection Technical Infrastructure Production Production Production Bibliographic && Bibliographic structural structural Metadata Metadata Named Entity Named Entity Recognition Recognition Linked Open Data Linked Open Data Upload, Upload, CMS / / DMS CMS DMS VREs, Visualization, VREs, Visualization, Explorative search, Explorative search, Datamining, …… Datamining, <code> ?/! Software Developers Scientists ?/! Scientists Coordinators
  53. 53. Nur ein Digitalisiertes, erschlossenes und vernetztes* Objekt ist ein gutes Objekt *Vernetzt beinhaltet: frei zugänglich

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