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Cash Flow Statement with examples

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Cash Flow Statement is a basic concept which every young manager must learn. This presentation excellently explains what you should know about this topic!

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Cash Flow Statement with examples

  1. 1. CASH FLOW STATEMENT Submitted to: Mr. N.K Gupta Submitted by: Akshay Vohra Donil Shijagurumayum Gunjan Rastogi Rahul Iyer Rajnees Singh
  2. 2. “THE FACT IS THAT ONE OF THE EARLIEST LESSONS I LEARNEDIN BUSINESS WAS THAT BALANCE SHEETS AND INCOME STATEMENTS ARE FICTION, CASHFLOWIS REALITY.” -Mr. Chris Chocola 2
  3. 3. Reports an organization's cash flows i.e., cash receipts and cash payments during a particular financial year BASIC CONCEPT
  4. 4.  Predict future cash flows  Evaluate management decisions  Determine the ability to pay dividends to stockholders’ and payments to creditors  Show the relationship of net income to the business’s cash flows PURPOSES OF CASHFLOW STATEMENT
  5. 5. To identify the sources from where cash inflows have arisen within a particular period and also shows the various activities where in the cash was utilized. It is significant to management for proper cash planning and maintaining a proper matching between cash inflows and outflows. Shows efficiency of a firm in generating cash inflows from its regular operations.5 IMPORTANCE OF CASHFLOW STATEMENT
  6. 6. Reports the amount of cash used during the period in various long-term investing activities, such as purchase of fixed assets. Reports the amount of cash received during the period through various financing activities, such as issue of shares, debentures and raising long-term loan. 6
  7. 7. WHAT IS CASH?
  8. 8. ∗ Cash in hand ∗ Cash in bank ∗ Cash equivalents - highly liquid, short-term investments that can be converted into cash with little delay FORMS OF CASH
  9. 9. THREE CASHFLOWACTIVITIES
  10. 10. CASHFLOWFROMOPERATING ACTIVITIES
  11. 11. CASHFLOWFROMOPERATING ACTIVITIES
  12. 12. Operating activities are normal and core activities within a business that generate cash inflows and outflows. They include: ∗ Total sales of goods and services collected during a period; ∗ Payments made to suppliers of goods and services used in production settled during a period; ∗ Payments to employees or other expenses made during a period. MORE ON OPERATING ACTIVITIES 12
  13. 13. ∗ An accounting item indicating the money a company brings in from ongoing, regular business activities, such as manufacturing and selling goods or providing a service. Cash flow from operating activities does not include long-term capital or investment costs. It does include earnings before interest and taxes plus depreciation minus taxes. 13 DEFINITION OF OPERATING ACTIVITIES
  14. 14. CASHFLOWFROMINVESTING ACTIVITIES
  15. 15. CASHFLOWFROMINVESTING ACTIVITIES
  16. 16. ∗ An item on the cash flow statement that reports the aggregate change in a company's cash position resulting from any gains (or losses) from investments in the financial markets and operating subsidiaries, and changes resulting from amounts spent on investments in capital assets such as plant and equipment. DEFINITION OF INVESTING ACTIVITIES
  17. 17. ∗ Examples of Inflows:  Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment  Cash receipts from disposal of debt instruments of other entities  Receipts from sale of equity instruments of other entities INFLOWOROUTFLOW OF CASH 17
  18. 18. ∗ Examples of Outflows:  Payments for acquisition of property, plant and equipment  Payments for purchase of debt instruments of other entities  Payments for purchase of equity instruments of other entities  Sales/maturities of investments  Includes purchasing and selling long- term assets and other investments. 18
  19. 19. CASHFLOWFROMFINANCING ACTIVITIES
  20. 20. CASHFLOWFROMFINANCING ACTIVITIES
  21. 21. ∗ A category in a company’s cash flow statement that accounts for external activities that allow a firm to raise capital and repay investors, such as issuing cash dividends, adding or changing loans or issuing more stock. Cash flow from financing activities shows investors the company’s financial strength. A company that frequently turns to new debt or equity for cash, for example, could have problems if the capital markets become less liquid. ∗ FORMULA: Cash received from issuing stock or debt - cash paid as dividends and Re-acquisition of debt/stock. CASHFLOWFROMFINANCING ACTIVITIES
  22. 22. Two Formats for Operating Activities
  23. 23. Indirect method reconciles from net income to net cash provided by operating activities 23 INDIRECT METHOD
  24. 24. ∗Direct method reports all cash receipts and cash payments from operating activities 24 DIRECT METHOD
  25. 25. ” The only difference between the two methods is, how cash flows from operating activities are calculated.” 25 DIFFERENCE BETWEEN INDIRECT & DIRECT METHOD
  26. 26. FORMAT OF INDIRECT METHOD ∗ Net Income ∗ + Depreciation exp (noncash exp) ∗ + Losses from sale of assets ∗ (full amount of sale already included in investing section) ∗ - Gains from sale of assets ∗ (full amount of sale already included in investing section)
  27. 27. ∗ - increases in current assets ∗ + decreases in current assets ∗ + increases in current liabilities ∗ - decreases in current liabilities ∗ = Net cash from operating activities 27
  28. 28. ∗ + Cash Received from Customers ∗ - Cash paid for inventory ∗ - Cash paid for operating expenses ∗ - Cash paid for income taxes ∗ - Cash paid for interest ∗ + Cash received from dividends and interest ∗ = Net cash from operating activities 28 FORMAT OF DIRECT METHOD
  29. 29. 8 STEPS OF CONSTRUCTING CASH FLOW STEP 1: Start with Net Income STEP 2: Adjust Net Income for non-cash expenses and gains STEP 3: Recognize cash inflows (outflows) from changes in current assets and liabilities
  30. 30. STEP 4: Sum to yield net cash flows from operations STEP 5: Changes in long-term assets yield net cash flows from investing activities STEP 6: Changes in long-term liabilities & equity accounts yield net cash flows from financing activities
  31. 31. STEP 7: Sum cash flows from operations, investing, and financing activities to yield net change in cash STEP 8: Add net change in cash to the beginning cash balance to yield ending cash
  32. 32. ANALYSIS IMPLICATIONS OF CASH FLOWS
  33. 33. A healthy cash flow is an essential part of any successful business. Some business people claim that a healthy cash flow is even more important than your business's ability to deliver its goods or services. Maintaining a viable cash flow system relies on SIX IMPORTANT ASPECTS discussed further : 33 MANAGING YOURFIRM’S CASH FLOW
  34. 34. 1. Understanding cash flow is the first step in effectively managing your cash flow. There's more to it than just a fancy term for the movement of money into, and out of, your business checking account. 2. Analyzing your cash flow will help you spot some of the problem areas in the cash flow cycle of your business. As in any good analysis, you need to look individually at each of the important components that make up the cash flow cycle to determine if it's a problem area or not. 34
  35. 35. 3. Developing a cash flow budget provides a good way of predicting your business's cash flow for the next month, six months or even the next year. 4. Improving your cash flow will, without a doubt, make your business more successful. Accelerating your cash inflows and delaying your cash outflows are key factors for improving and managing your cash flow. The cash flow budget is also a handy tool to use in the improvement and management of your cash flow. 35
  36. 36. 5. Filling your cash flow gaps: from time to time, almost every business experiences the need for more cash than it has. If you find yourself in this position, you may have to borrow money to fill the gap. 6. Handling any cash surplus is just as important as the management of money into and out of your cash flow cycle. With the proper management of your cash flow, you might find yourself with a little extra cash, on which you can earn investment income. 36
  37. 37. EXAMPLES OF CASH FLOW STATEMENTS OF SOME FAMOUS BRANDS 37
  38. 38. COMPARATIVE CASH FLOW STATEMENT OF COCA-COLA 38
  39. 39. FORYEAR2011, 2012 & 2013 39
  40. 40. ` JOHNSON AND JOHNSON’S CASH FLOW STATEMENT (in 3 Parts) 40
  41. 41. J&J: OPERATING ACTIVITIES 41
  42. 42. J&J: INVESTING ACTIVITIES 42
  43. 43. J&J: FINANCING ACTIVITIES 43
  44. 44. RELIANCE’S CASH FLOW STATEMENT 44
  45. 45. COMPARATIVE CASHFLOW STATEMEN T FOR5 YEARS 45
  46. 46. DISADVANTAGES OF CASH FLOW STATEMENT 46
  47. 47. 1. One of the potential disadvantages of the cash flow statement is that it does not take into consideration any future growth. When looking at the statement of cash flows, you are essentially looking at information from the past business operations. Limitations of Cash Flow Statement 47
  48. 48. For example: If the company is in the process of developing a ground-breaking piece of technology, it could be about to generate a large amount of cash. If you just look at the cash flow statement, you may not evaluate the future potential of the company correctly. 48
  49. 49. 49 2. Another potential problem with the statement of cash flows is that interpreting data may be difficult. The information on a cash flow statement is not necessarily easy to interpret. You can see where all of the cash flow is going, but you may not know if it should be going there.
  50. 50. 50 For example, it may be difficult to gauge whether the company should be investing more in a plant or paying off debt. You have to take all of the information presented and make the best assumptions you can make.
  51. 51. 3. Cash flow statements are not suitable for judging the profitability of a firm, as non-cash charges are ignored while calculating cash flows from operating activities. 51
  52. 52. 4. As a cash flow statement is based on a cash basis of accounting, it ignores the basic accounting concept of accrual. WHAT IS ACCURAL-BASED ACCOUNTING? A method that records income items when they are earned and records deductions when expenses are incurred. 52
  53. 53. 5. Business owners who experience cash flow difficulties are likely to make late payments for business supplies and other expenses. An honest and creative business owner who is on good terms with his suppliers will likely develop strategies for managing these situations. 53
  54. 54. For Example: A restaurant owner who offers his produce vendor a free meal while explaining that his payment will be late. A cash flow statement cannot capture these negotiations and agreements, but they are nonetheless a very real part of doing business. 54
  55. 55. A cash flow statement is a document depicting a company's liquidity, or its ability to meet current expenses using currently available resources. Cash flow statements are useful for providing a business with a general idea of how it will make ends meet in the short term. But cash flow statements do not show the full complexity of a business' strategies and resources for staying afloat or growing, and they depend on assumptions that are not always accurate. AT THE END... 55
  56. 56. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Prof. Ramola Kumar Prof. N.K Gupta Sony Ma’am 56
  57. 57. THANK YOU! 57

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