Knowledge of hiv


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Knowledge of hiv

  2. 2. Significance of the study  According to the international organization for migration, migration is one of the key global issues of the 21st century. There are about 192 million people or about 3% of world’s population who are living outside their place of birth. UNAIDS defined international labour migration as the movement of people across national borders for employment.
  3. 3. Significance of the study  In Nepal socio- economic and political factors are seen to be responsible for including large scale migration.  There are an estimated 967,00 to 1,51000 seasonal labour migrants in Nepal. Separated from their spouses and adrift from the social bindings many of these migrants indulge in both internal and external are high risk groups for HIV transmission.
  4. 4. Contd….  Recent data shows around 20% of migrants engage in unprotected sex in India and as a result, this group now accounts for 40% of all HIV infection in Nepal.  HIV prevalence in migrants is reported at 1.4% (west) and 8.0 % (far west) although prevalence among wives of migrant is 3.3%.  Knowledge about HIV among migrant appears to be the lowest 15.8. In the far western region and 17.2 % in western region.
  5. 5. Significance contd…….  A 2002 study suggests that HIV prevalence is nearly 8% in the migrants returning from Mumbai. According to above projected data, migrants from Nepal to other countries for various purposes are more vulnerable for getting chance of HIV/AIDS.  So it is important to have knowledge about knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS .preventing ways is very necessary for such workers.
  6. 6. Contd……..  So for this research researcher keenly interested to investigate knowledge status about HIV/AIDS and hope this study will benefited to make strategy for further national programme focusing them.
  7. 7. OBJECTIVES 1. To find-out knowledge of HIV/AIDS among migrant workers. 2. To find-out the association of knowledge with selected variable.
  8. 8. HYPOTHESIS Educated workers will have more knowledge of HIV/AIDS than uneducated workers.
  9. 9. VARIABLE Dependent - Knowledge Independent  Gender  Education  Occupation  Exposure to mass media  Socio-economic status
  10. 10. Operational Definition Knowledge- It is opinion regarding HIV /AIDS which will be measured by self developed questionnaire.
  11. 11. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION Education – Illiterate- Unable to read and write Primary level- Completed up to 5 class Secondary- Up to 10 class passed Higher secondary- Up to to class 12 completed Higher education- More than 12 class
  12. 12. Operational Definition Occupation- Existing activity related to earn money Unskilled- No skill for particular job Semiskilled- Taken some training for particular job skilled- Trained for particular job.
  13. 13. Operational Definition Mass media- source of information from electronic and non electronic mass media. Socio economic statusAccording to per capita income
  14. 14. Operational definition Knowledge- It is opinion regarding HIV /AIDS which will be measured by self developed questionnaire.
  15. 15. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY  Research Design Descriptive research design will be used for the study  Setting Study will be conducted in Sram Mantralaya, kathmandu
  16. 16. Research methodology contd..  Study population The study population will consists of all migrant workers visiting in Shram Mantralaya for final permission (collecting Shram sticker).  Sampling procedure Every 10th subject who visit Shram Mantralaya will be selected for study until the desired sample will not be fulfilled. Sample will be collected by interview method.
  17. 17. Sample size: 1822 Sampling technique: Non- probability convenience, purposive sampling technique will be used in the study.
  18. 18. Research tool.  Structured and semi structured questionnaire. Content validity  The content validity will be ensured by validating the tool with subject experts, guide, department head and language experts.
  19. 19. Pretest  Pre test will be done in 10% population of the sample in similar population in manpower consultancy of Eastern region of Nepal and necessary tool modification will be done accordingly
  20. 20. Inclusion criteria The migrant worker who will be willing to participate in the study  All gender will be participation in study
  21. 21. Exclusion criteria  These people who are not going abroad through SRAM Mantralaya
  22. 22. Scale of measurement of variables  Education (ordinal)  Occupation (nominal)  Mass media (nominal)  Gender(nominal)
  23. 23. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK Education Socio economic status Gender Knowledg e about HIV AIDS Mass media Occupation
  24. 24. Tools of the study Question related to socio demographic information 1 . Sex a. Male b. Female c. Others 2. Marital status a. Married b. Unmarried C. Divorced d.. Widow/Widower 3. Education Illiterate Literate (please specify)……….
  25. 25. Tools of the study contd… 4. Total family members ……………. 5. Income per month …………….. 6. Number of earning members in the family………..
  26. 26. Tools of the study contd… . 7. District………… 8.which type of job you are going to join? a. Unskilled b. Semiskilled c. Skilled
  27. 27. Section 2 GENERAL KWOLEDGE OF HIV/AIDS 1. .Do you know about safe sexual behavior? a. Yes b. No If yes 2. Sexual behavior means a. Safe sex b. Relationship between spouse c. Relationship with multiple partner
  28. 28. 3. Do you know about sexually transmitted disease? a. Yes b. No If yes 4.What is sexually transmitted disease? a. Disease transmitted by sexual intercourse b. Disease transmitted by touching c. Disease transmitted by kissing d. If any others please specify………….
  29. 29. 5.What are the sexually transmitted disease? a. HIV/AIDS b. Syphillis c. Gonorrhoea d. Vaginal Candidasis e. Piles.
  30. 30. l 1 Have you ever heard of an illness called AIDS? a. Yes b. No 2 If yes, from which medium you have heard? a. Friends b. News paper/magazine c. Radio/tv d. Other
  31. 31. 3. Is HIV and AIDS same? a. Yes b. No 4. What do you mean by HIV/AIDS? ……………. 5. Is it possible to have AIDS virus in healthy looking person? a. Yes b. No
  32. 32. 6. In your opinion, what are the modes of AIDS virus transmission? a. Unprotected sex b. Unscreened blood transfusion c. Sharing syringes and needle d. Pregnant mother to baby e. Insect bite f. Eating food together 7. Can AIDS virus be prevented by being faithful to one partner? a.Yes b. No
  33. 33. 8. Can AIDS virus be prevented by using condom in each sex? a.Yes b. No 9. Can AIDS virus be prevented by abstinence? a.Yes b. No 10. Can AIDS virus be prevented by using only screened blood and its products? a.Yes b. No 11. Can AIDS virus be prevented by notsharing syringes and needles? a.Yes b. No
  34. 34. Informed consent  It is only conducted for study purpose. Privacy and confidentiality will be maintained. Anonymity will maintained by coding data. You are not harmed by research and researcher. Study result will benefited to know your knowledge level and help to plan further activity. If you do not want to participate in the study you can leave any time without penalty.if you agree with mentioned point then please sign. Participants signature
  35. 35. Thank You