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Intra company transfer pricing using sap material ledger

http://veritysolutions.com.au/2010/12/12/intra-company-transfer-pricing-using-sap-material-ledger/

Intra company transfer pricing using sap material ledger

  1. 1. Achieve Intra-company Transfer Pricing using SAP Material Ledger ……. A CASE STUDY
  2. 2.  Transfer Price is the price one subunit charges for a product or a service supplied to another subunit of the same organization  The subunits could belong to the same legal entity or to a different legal entity (these slides focus on Transfer Pricing within the same legal entity). Transfer Price
  3. 3. Market-based transfer prices ◦ The subunits transfer products at prices prevalent in the market for that product Cost-based transfer prices ◦ The subunit transfers product at its cost plus a margin Negotiated transfer prices ◦ The subunits agree between themselves the price at which the transfer should take place Transfer Price methods
  4. 4. Profitability & Transfer Price – an example Without Transfer Pricing With Transfer Pricing Profit Center 1 Profit Center 2 Company Profitability Profit Center 1 Profit Center 2 Company Profitability Internal Sales 500 800 External Sales 1000 1000 1000 1000 Cost of Goods Sold (500) (500) (500) (500) COGS on internal transfers (500) (800) Gross Margin 0 500 500 300 200 500
  5. 5.  SAP transfer price is triggered by transfer of products or services between profit centers. Hence, Profit Center Accounting should be active  Accounting for Transfer Price is reflected in a “profit center view” in Financial Ledgers  SAP Material Ledger allows multiple valuation view (group, profit center) of group currency.  The legal view is always in company code currency for legal reporting purposes  Profit Center view is used to reflect additional accounting entries for Transfer Price. That way, customers can select the appropriate view to fulfill reporting requirements SAP’s Transfer Price mechanism Reporting Company Code currency Group Currency Legal View Legal Y Group View Group Y Profit Center view Subunit Y
  6. 6. Scenario: Verity’s Cement Manufacturing & Distribution operations  Verity has a Manufacturing Plant in Sydney that manufactures Cement.  The Sydney Plant sources Clinker from its Brisbane Plant.  All Verity Cement is distributed to its customers in Australia through its Distribution Plant in Melbourne. Clinker (Brisbane) Cement (Sydney) Distribution (Melbourne)
  7. 7.  Traditionally, all products are transferred within its Australian plants at manufactured cost.  Distribution Depot (Melbourne) V005 books all revenue within its account.  Inventory (standard) cost of Clinker and Cement per TO is as below. L=legal view, G=group view, P=Profit Center view. All currencies are AUD. Verity’s current state Product V004 Profit Center 1101 V001 Profit Center 1100 V005 Profit Center 1102 1450 (Clinker) L = 30.37 G = 32.47 P = 30.37 L = 30.37 G = 32.47 P = 32.47 1451 (Cement) L = 38.61 G = 40.54 P = 40.55 L = 38.61 G = 40.54 P = 48.66
  8. 8. Profit Center 1101 V004 Brisbane 134000 Inventory 134000 Inventory 30.27 30.27 Profit Center 1100 V001 Sydney T Accounts (Current State) Clinker Brisbane transfers Clinker at cost to Sydney Profit Center 1100 V001 Sydney 134000 Inventory 134000 Inventory 38.61 38.61 Profit Center 1102 V005 Melbourne Cement Sydney transfers Cement at cost to Melbourne
  9. 9.  During the last few budget meetings, there has been a heated discussion between the executives of the three units on how profitability of each of the three units can be measured independent of the profitability of the company.  The executive of the Sydney operations says he could procure Clinker in the free market at a price cheaper than what is charged by its Brisbane plant. Current State - Issues The Sydney plant does not get any credit for the cost savings they have achieved over the last few years because the cement manufactured by them is transferred to the distribution depot at cost.
  10. 10. • To improve profitability and competitiveness among its plants, Verity decides to introduce a Transfer Price mechanism for all its internal transfers. • Transfers of intermediate products will be made at a fixed pre-determined price; that is based on the hypothetical procurement cost of that product in the open market. Transfers of finished products will be made at a fixed pre-determined percentage over manufactured cost. Future State -Transfer Price process A Transfer Price process would give the executives of Verity an indication of the efficiency and competitiveness of its manufacturing operations vis-à- vis its competitors.
  11. 11. Transfer Prices Transfer Prices are determined as below.Product Sending Plant Receiving Plant Transfer Price method Std Cost Transfer Price Margin over std cost 1450 (Clinker) V004 (Brisbane) V001 (Sydney) Market based AUD 30.37 AUD 32.47 AUD 2.10 1451 (Cement) V001 (Sydney) V005 (Melbourne) Cost Based AUD 40.55 Std cost + 20% = AUD 48.66 AUD 8.11
  12. 12. GL accounts used for posting Sending Plant/ Profit Center 134000 Inventory 496000 Change in Stock 495000 Internal Revenue A D B 134000 Inventory 497000 Internal COGS 496000 Change in Stock Receiving Plant/ Profit Center A E C Step Description GL Account GL Account description Posting in Plant Expected use A Inventory (A) 134000 Inventory Sending/ Receiving Inventory posting B Internal Sale (B) 495000 Internal Revenue Sending Sending Plant’s Internal Revenue C Internal COGS (C) 497000 Internal COGS Receiving Receiving Plants cost of purchase; this will be the same as sending plants internal sale value D Cost of Sale (D) 496000 Change of Stock Sending Selling Plants COGS; this is the std cost in Material Master. Difference of 495000 & 497000 yields the selling plants profit E Change in Stock (E) 496000 Change in Stock Receiving Receiving Plants offsetting entry against 497000; same value as 497000
  13. 13.  Verity Brisbane (V004) transfers 10 TO of clinker to its Sydney plant (V001) Stock Transfer of Intermediate Product
  14. 14.  Inventory Accounts are offset; additional entries are posted for Transfer prices. This is the “profit center view” of the Accounting document. Accounting document (Profit Center view) Notice the additional accounting entries in profit center view
  15. 15. T Accounts (Profit Center view) Profit Center 1101 V004 Brisbane Profit Center 1100 V001 Sydney 134000 Inventory 496000 Change in Stock 495000 Internal Revenue 134000 Inventory 497000 Internal COGS 303.70 303.70 324.70 324.70 324.70 496000 Change in Stock 324.70 Clinker costs Profit Center 1100 (Sydney) AUD 32.47/ TO Profit Center 1101 (Brisbane) makes a profit of AUD 21.00 on “sale” of Clinker
  16. 16.  The legal view of the document does not show the Internal Transfer Price Accounting entries Accounting document (Legal view)
  17. 17.  Verity Sydney (V001) transfers 10 TO of cement to its Melbourne Distribution plant (V005) Stock Transfer of Finished Product
  18. 18.  Inventory Accounts are offset; additional entries are posted for Transfer prices. This is the “profit center view” of the Accounting document. Accounting document (Profit Center view) Notice the additional accounting entries in profit center view
  19. 19. Profit Center 1100 V001 Sydney 134000 Inventory 496000 Change in Stock 495000 Internal Revenue 134000 Inventory 497000 Internal COGS 405.50 405.50 486.60 486.60 486.60 496000 Change in Stock 486.60 Profit Center 1102 V004 Melbourne Cement costs Profit Center 1102 (Melbourne) AUD 48.66/ TO Profit Center 1100 (Sydney) makes a profit of AUD 81.10 on “sale” of Cement T Accounts (Profit Center view)
  20. 20.  The legal view of the document does not show the Internal Transfer Price entries Accounting document (Legal view)
  21. 21.  Brisbane plant reflects a profitability for outbound internal transfer of clinker to Sydney Product Profitability (Profit Center view) - Brisbane
  22. 22.  Sydney plant reflects a profitability for outbound internal transfer of cement to Melbourne. The profitability for inbound internal transfer of clinker from Brisbane will reflect when clinker is sold to an external customer; or will reflect as cost of goods manufactured if it is consumed in production of cement. Product Profitability (Profit Center view) - Sydney
  23. 23.  Melbourne Plant reflects a “profitability” for inbound internal transfer of cement from Sydney. The profit/ loss will reflect after the cement is eventually sold to an external customer. Product Profitability (Profit Center view) - Melbourne
  24. 24. Verity provides the vision, and the framework for a successful Finance process and technology transformation and re-engineering. We at Verity believe we have the experience to make success happen for our clients. This belief comes from our track record of successfully engaging customers in their pursuit of the best-of-class business solutions. We believe that this search with Verity is short because of our past experience, and fruitful because we do not simply deliver an end-result, but strive to deliver value-added service that earns us the trust and confidence of our customers. Verity Business Solutions
  25. 25. Rajesh is an accomplished and successful Finance professional with over 20 years’ experience in Finance processes and related technologies. He is a qualified accountant, and he has worked in Finance departments of multinational companies. With this strong foundation in Finance, he has managed to successfully implement best-in-class Finance processes in IT (primarily SAP). Over the last few years, Rajesh has led Finance teams on large SAP implementations and provided his insights and experience to provide a workable and an improved solution for his customers. Rajesh is a SAP Certified Application Professional. Presented by Rajesh Shanbhag
  26. 26. • Contact us if have any questions, need clarification. • For more resources on SAP & Finance, visit our Resources page on www.veritysolutions.com.au/resources Rajesh Shanbhag W www.veritysolutions.com.au E rajesh@veritysolutions.com.au M +61 4 1123 8873 Thank You

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http://veritysolutions.com.au/2010/12/12/intra-company-transfer-pricing-using-sap-material-ledger/

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