Geographic Determinism in Latin America

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Geographic Determinism in Latin America

  1. 1. Geographic Determinism and the Early Civilizations in Latin America
  2. 2. Early Civilizations in Latin America <ul><li>Maya (300-900) </li></ul><ul><li>Aztec (1325-1519) </li></ul><ul><li>Inca (late 1400s-1532) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Major Pre-Columbian Civilizations <ul><li>Maya (300-900) </li></ul><ul><li>Aztec (1325-1519) </li></ul><ul><li>Inca (late 1400s-1532) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Maya (300-900)
  5. 5. Aztec (1325-1519)
  6. 6. Inca (late 1400s-1532)
  7. 7. Geographic Determinism The GEOGRAPHY of a region DETERMINES how people there live
  8. 8. Civilization #1: Maya
  9. 9. Location: Southern Mexico and Central America
  10. 10. Problem #1 Dense vegetation (trees and plants)
  11. 11. Wild plants can take over crops and buildings.
  12. 12. <ul><li>Rainforest soil is not good for farming. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Solution #1 : <ul><li>Slash and burn agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>(farming by first burning down forest in an area) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Problem #2: <ul><li>There are no above ground rivers or lakes. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Solution #2: <ul><li>They used cenotes (sink holes) </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>They built ladders and </li></ul><ul><li>stairs to get to the </li></ul><ul><li>underground lakes. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>They built irrigation systems to bring water to the fields. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Civilization #2: Aztec
  19. 19. Location: Central Mexico, where Mexico City is today.
  20. 20. Problem #1: The water in the lake was salty, so it was not good for farming, drinking or bathing.
  21. 21. Solution #1: They built aqueducts to bring fresh water from the mountain springs to the city. Q: Why do you think they chose to build their city in the middle of a lake?
  22. 22. Problem #2: <ul><li>The swampy soil was not good for farming. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Solution #2: They built floating gardens called chinampas to grow crops.
  24. 24. Civilization #3: Inca
  25. 25. Location: Andes Mountains of South America
  26. 26. Problem #1: <ul><li>Steep slopes are difficult to farm </li></ul>
  27. 27. Solution #1: The Incas used terrace farming, which created small flat fields that could hold water.
  28. 28. Problem #2: Inca leaders had to rule over a 2000 mile long stretch of mountains
  29. 29. Solution #2: The Inca built roads and suspension bridges and used a messenger system to communicate with different parts of the empire
  30. 30. Aztec Chinampas Inca Terrace Farming Maya Slash and Burn
  31. 31. Panama Canal

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