Pick n Mix: Choosing the right research tool


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  • Google Scholar can sometimes up with little gems – e.g. search for legal aid, finds a lot of US stuff but on page 2 gets an article in Social Policy and Society The Audacity of Justice: Recession, Redundancy, Rights and Legal Aid (Pleasance and Balmer, 2010) wouldn’t be found on Westlaw index as not law journal.
  • Filetype – pdf for reports, research papers. Ppt for presentations ~energy will search for energy, power, oil, gas, electricity or electric. Solar*panel allows for a few words in between
  • Includes over 12,000 news sources, newspapers, newsletters, magazines and trade journals including over 450 International publications, with over 250 newswires updated continuously, many within minutes of publication. Usually need to narrow down in some way – more keywords, specify date etc. Do you want just national papers? Home office crime, policing, justice, immigration, drugs and race equality ILAG – has country reports
  • Just searching for Legal Aid in the first box will bring back too much. What does Bob actually want – and what does he already know…
  • He wants to know more about the history of LA and knows from reading online that the Rushcliffe committee was instrumental in setting up LA as it is, for now. Soooo… Def journals, subject Legal Aid, inlcding the word Rushcliffe. Number 8 looks good – a history up until 1994- provide some good history for Bob. But oh no! It is not available here!
  • So – checked catalogue for Journal of Law and Society Remember that article Emily found reference to in Social Policy and Society (2010) – check if we have it… But what about the ones that we do NOT have.
  • EG – IBSS, SCOPUS, WoK Drawing a blank? Try citation searching Search for articles that have cited older, seminal, works. Scopus and Web of Science – a whole session in itsself but if you want to know more feel free to ask me! Many databasess also allow you to scehdule
  • Australian Bar Review, Journal of Family Law, Journal of Labour Law, Though the legal aid budget is large compared to other countries, it is not clear whether this is because of the adversarial nature of our law, and whether this is compensated by lower spending on courts and public prosecution. The budget has been kept constant in recent years, amounting to real terms cuts already.
  • Search screen a little cumbersome - not as sophisticated as Lexis and Westlaw.
  • Academic commentary via normal means slow.... Social media is the way forward. Blogging and twitter have filled the the gap where serious legal journalism left off (except Guardian, Times) Speedy analysis and critique of judgments, legislation, government papers etc
  • Lots of reference management tools out there, We have an inst sub to refWorks – warnings – not so great wioth Law resources, but is useful to create a database – looks a bit clunky, and my own feeling is that it is a bit pants – which you can buy! Mendeley is my fave but there are other things too Zotero is popular but requires Firefox Or you could go Old Skool
  • Pick n Mix: Choosing the right research tool

    1. 1. Pick n Mix: <ul><li>Choosing the right research tool </li></ul>
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Only a taster of what's possible </li></ul><ul><li>For inspiration we used Bob… </li></ul><ul><li>who's trying to get started on some research into Legal Aid. </li></ul><ul><li>We're going to take him on a tour.... </li></ul>
    3. 3. Don’t ignore Google <ul><li>Often great starting point </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing to be ashamed of;-) </li></ul><ul><li>Authority issues…but you know that… </li></ul><ul><li>Google Scholar option - make sure your preferences are filled in. </li></ul>
    4. 4. “ legal aid” in Google finds… <ul><li>Key organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Blog posts </li></ul><ul><li>Campaign & </li></ul><ul><li>pressure groups </li></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Speeches </li></ul><ul><li>The Bill </li></ul><ul><li>… and lots of </li></ul><ul><li>rubbish! </li></ul>
    5. 5. Google Scholar Something we subscribe to!
    6. 6. Google top tips <ul><li>Advanced search for useful field searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limiting by filetype can be useful </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special commands e.g. ~ finds synonyms *those words in that order “” for exact quotes </li></ul><ul><li>Google realtime – finds twitter refs http://www.google.com/realtime </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t over think it </li></ul>
    7. 7. Reports etc <ul><li>Green, white papers, research papers, law commission reports, command papers, Hansard… mostly online but gaps further back you go! </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.official-documents.gov.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.justice.gov.uk/lawcommission/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/hansard/ </li></ul>
    8. 8. News & Statistics <ul><li>NexisUK – like Lexis but for news (newspapers, magazines, trade journals etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Most Gov depts have their own R & S page e.g. http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/science-research/research-statistics/ </li></ul><ul><li>UK National Statistics Hub http://www.statistics.gov.uk/hub/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Office for National Statistics http://www.statistics.gov.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant Organisations e.g. ILAG </li></ul>
    9. 9. Journals and Commentary <ul><li>Westlaw </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large index and abstracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some Full Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some books </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LexisLibrary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some full text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More books </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HeinOnline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large archive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full-text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other subjects… </li></ul>
    10. 10. Westlaw top tips <ul><li>Good starting place for journals </li></ul><ul><li>Always tell it what you want </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Search useful for field searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject/Keyword </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation Cited </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use connectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>/s for same sentence, “x and y” for phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>View terms in context </li></ul>
    11. 12. Keeping up <ul><li>Schedule searches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lexis – need separate login, but not for long… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Westlaw – coming soon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zetoc - need separate login, but not for long… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Table of Contents alerts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zetoc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publishers’ websites </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. But it looks so GOOD, why can’t I access it? <ul><li>All is not lost… </li></ul><ul><li>Library Catalogue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-prints in Institutional Repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interloans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visit them! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SONUL Access – ask in lib </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.inform25.ac.uk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.copac.ac.uk </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 14. Bob! Don’t forget these… <ul><li>Other subscribed services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business/Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sociology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SSRN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Citation Searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scopus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web of Science - not too sciencey ;-) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Happy to help </li></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Comparative commentary <ul><li>Lexis : Australia & US, some international </li></ul><ul><li>(Choose Sources) </li></ul><ul><li>Westlaw : Canada, US, Hong Kong, some International </li></ul><ul><li>(Choose Services – Westlaw International – Directory) </li></ul><ul><li>HeinOnline : US mainly </li></ul>
    15. 16. HeinOnline – the American Dream
    16. 17. Don’t forget Google… <ul><ul><li>Search for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> “ legal aid” and other countries </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. What about REALLY new stuff? <ul><li>Commentary via academic means very slow.... </li></ul><ul><li>Social media is the way forward? </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging and twitter have filled a gap? </li></ul>
    18. 19. Blogging <ul><li>Mixed bag </li></ul><ul><li>Commentary/analysis </li></ul><ul><li>General or specific </li></ul><ul><li>Which to read? </li></ul>
    19. 20. Twitter - why bother? <ul><li>Forge useful networks </li></ul><ul><li>Alerted to breaking legal news </li></ul><ul><li>Gain insight/new ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Hashtags </li></ul><ul><li>Not just for gossip and celebrities and breaching super injunctions! </li></ul>
    20. 21. Links to useful docs Campaigns Comment Links to analysis in online newspapers or blogs
    21. 22. Bob, Don’t drown in your reading like this lil guy <ul><li>Lots of tools to help </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Reference management </li></ul><ul><li>What works for you </li></ul>
    22. 23. Read-Later <ul><li>Apps </li></ul><ul><li>InstaPaper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.instapaper.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-device </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evernote </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.evernote.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free or Paid options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-device </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kindle </li></ul><ul><li>Email address </li></ul>
    23. 24. Reference Management <ul><li>RefWorks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to register </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mendeley </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.mendeley.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zotero </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefox plug-in </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post-Its </li></ul><ul><li>Index cards </li></ul>
    24. 25. Questions? <ul><li>Only scraped the surface </li></ul><ul><li>Do ask Rachel or Emily for help with any of the sources mentioned </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
    25. 26. Thanks for the images <ul><li>Slide 1 - 27th October 2007 / Day 300 by Mrs Magic http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrsmagic/1779854008/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 2 – Professor finger puppet by abbey*christine http://www.flickr.com/photos/abbeychristine/2111324084/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 3 – google by wantedarrest http://www.flickr.com/photos/warrantedarrest/74688743/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 4 – Rubbish bin by Leo Reynolds http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/6098606/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 8 – Daily delivery by Rob Gallop http://www.flickr.com/photos/amanky/2630571244/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 12 - Frustration (was: threesixtyfive | day 244) by Sybren A. Stüvel http://www.flickr.com/photos/sybrenstuvel/2468506922/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 14 – The globe by Mike Mertz http://www.flickr.com/photos/bonfire2k4/2758503325/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 16 – typpity-typpity by amanky http://www.flickr.com/photos/amanky/2630571244/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 19 – twitter pack by carrotcreative http://www.flickr.com/photos/carrotcreative/2511539541/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 21 - *tick tock* by origami_potato http://www.flickr.com/photos/origami_potato/4497653579/sizes/o/in/photostream/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 22 – Got RefWorks boxer shorts by RefWorks http://www.cafepress.co.uk/refworks.162147986 </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 23 - [9/365] Relaxing with The Sunday Times on my iPad by Ben Dodson http://www.flickr.com/photos/bendodson/5338445045/in/photostream/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 24 – Questions? by Marcus Ramberg http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcusramberg/185508448/ </li></ul>