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Preventing and detecting plagiarism


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Accompanying presentation delivered by Gill Rowell, of the JISC Plagiarism Advisory Service, at the RSC SE / JISC PAS event Preventing and detecting plagiarism using TurnitinUK. )4th July 2007, Northbrook College

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Preventing and detecting plagiarism

  1. 1. Preventing & Detecting Plagiarism Using the TurnitinUK plagiarism detection software RSC South East : 4 July, 2007 Gill Rowell Advisor, Plagiarism Advisory Service .
  2. 2. Today’s session <ul><li>Introductions. </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation: introduction to TurnitinUK </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise: opportunity to do some plagiarising yourselves! </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise: using TurnitinUK. </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion: approaches to implementing TurnitinUK. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for further questions at the end. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Issues <ul><li>Lack of clarity on what constitutes plagiarism. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing use of the Internet in teaching and learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of essay banks and ghostwriting services. </li></ul><ul><li>Changing make-up of the student population. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumerist attitude to education. </li></ul>
  4. 4. JISCPAS approach to plagiarism prevention <ul><li>Unambiguous institutional policies and procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Good academic practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Effective study skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Preventing and detecting plagiarism via electronic detection software. </li></ul>
  5. 6. TurnitinUK: the plagiarism detection software <ul><li>Accessed via standard web browsers. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on US “Turnitin” system. </li></ul><ul><li>Customised for the JISC community. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrates with Blackboard, WebCT & Moodle. </li></ul><ul><li>Athens password access available. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of Turnitin’s suite of assessment management tools. </li></ul>
  6. 7. What does TurnitinUK check? <ul><li>Several billion unique web pages, including archived pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Database of work submitted by other students in the UK. </li></ul><ul><li>6,000+ journal titles via Gale InfoTrac OneFile and Emerald . </li></ul><ul><li>Student essays provided to </li></ul><ul><li>5,000+ copyright-free electronic books via the Guttenberg Project. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Process <ul><li>Tutor creates class and assignment. </li></ul><ul><li>Student (or tutor) submits work. </li></ul><ul><li>Report is returned highlighting any matching text. </li></ul><ul><li>Judgement as to whether plagiarism has occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate action taken. </li></ul>
  8. 9. The Originality Report <ul><li>Produced in a matter of seconds. </li></ul><ul><li>Colour-coded and/or numbered to indicate any matching text: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>direct links to sites. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ability to request a copy of matched paper from academic if possible collusion has been identified. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ability to exclude quotations/bibliography. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Clicking on links will take you to web sites where matching text has been found. Uploaded paper is displayed with any matching text highlighted and numbered.
  10. 12. The role of plagiarism detection software <ul><li>Speeds up the process of identifying possible plagiarism. </li></ul><ul><li>Can act as a deterrent. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages students to think about correct referencing and citation. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used as a tool to inform and enhance the learning process. </li></ul>
  11. 13. But… <ul><li>TurnitinUK won’t necessarily highlight all instances of matching text. </li></ul><ul><li>Not a substitute for academic judgement. </li></ul><ul><li>Won’t unilaterally solve the problem of student plagiarism. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Preventing & Detecting Plagiarism Using the TurnitinUK plagiarism detection software Now let’s do some plagiarising ourselves, and try out TurnitinUK.
  13. 15. Preventing & Detecting Plagiarism Using the TurnitinUK plagiarism detection software Implementation: some issues to consider
  14. 16. Exercise: questions to ask <ul><li>What are the pros and cons of this approach? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree/disagree with the opinion being voiced? </li></ul><ul><li>What would you institution do? </li></ul>
  15. 17. Some things to consider… <ul><li>Integration with existing misconduct policies and procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Clear and consistent advice on use to tutors. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain use of TurnitinUK to students. </li></ul>
  16. 18. The formative approach? <ul><li>Students submit work themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Students receive feedback on their work. </li></ul><ul><li>Students can make multiple draft submissions. </li></ul><ul><li>Need for pedagogical support as part of approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended for study skills modules at beginning of students’ academic career. </li></ul>
  17. 19. The summative approach? <ul><li>Tutors (or other member of staff) or students submit work. </li></ul><ul><li>Tutors receive report. </li></ul><ul><li>Academic judgement required to determine plagiarism. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used in an academic misconduct hearing. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Options for summative screening <ul><li>Full-course screening. </li></ul><ul><li>Use for suspect work within the context of academic misconduct/plagiarism policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Submit a random sample of all work. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Use via VLE <ul><li>Authentication provided by VLE. </li></ul><ul><li>Familiar information environment for tutors/students. </li></ul><ul><li>Submission process and features same as web interface. </li></ul><ul><li>Reported to increase use of VLE. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates team teaching. </li></ul>
  20. 22. Preventing & Detecting Plagiarism Using the TurnitinUK plagiarism detection software Any further questions?
  21. 23. Copyright and Data Protection issues <ul><li>All work is retained in database. </li></ul><ul><li>Institution is Data Controller. </li></ul><ul><li>iParadigms are Data Processors. </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright remains with institution/student as appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>Licence for use as part of assessment/quality assurance process. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of system must be made explicit to students. </li></ul>
  22. 24. Opportunities for sharing experiences <ul><li>Closed JISCmail discussion list. </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism JISCmail discussion list. </li></ul><ul><li>Administrators’ user forum </li></ul><ul><li>User group meetings. </li></ul>