Plagiarism – What is all the fuss about?  Dr Fiona Duggan Head of Advice and Guidance
Plagiarism  <ul><li>What is it?  </li></ul><ul><li>Is it a new problem? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we address the problem?  ...
What is plagiarism? <ul><li>Theft? </li></ul><ul><li>Disease? </li></ul><ul><li>War?  </li></ul><ul><li>Other?  </li></ul>
Problem  <ul><li>One in six students admit to copying from friends and one in ten confesses to looking for essays online  ...
Defining plagiarism  <ul><li>Need a common understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Need consistency in application </li></ul><ul><...
A new problem?  <ul><li>Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther King </li></ul><ul><li>Princess Michael of Kent  </li>...
Reasons  <ul><li>Concept of ownership not yet developed </li></ul><ul><li>Oral tradition of sharing resources </li></ul><u...
Current issues  <ul><li>Increasing consumerism in attitudes towards education </li></ul><ul><li>Students adopting a more s...
And  <ul><li>Increased access to electronic resources </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread confusion about referencing and citatio...
And  <ul><li>‘Bespoke’ essay writing services </li></ul><ul><li>Sale of student work on e-commerce sites </li></ul><ul><li...
HE in FE issues  <ul><li>Lack of up-to-date knowledge when citing electronic resources </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of confidenc...
Responses <ul><li>Use of detection software </li></ul><ul><li>Revision of institutional policies and procedures  </li></ul...
Referencing and attribution <ul><li>An out-dated practice? </li></ul><ul><li>Isn’t everything freely available? </li></ul>...
However <ul><li>Probably more relevant than ever in the current  knowledge-based society </li></ul><ul><li>One of the buil...
So  <ul><li>Need to provide students with opportunities to practice </li></ul><ul><li>Need to provide an example in our ow...
<ul><li>“ Quite simply, those who can write well have the potential to achieve, both in their coursework and their exams. ...
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Identifying and preventing plagiarism: issues for HE tutors in FE Colleges

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Accompaying presentation from Dr Fiona Duggan of the JISC Plagiarism Advisory Service, at the RSC SE / JISC PAS workshop - Identifying and preventing plagiarism: issues for HE tutors in FE Colleges. July 04th Northbrook College

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Identifying and preventing plagiarism: issues for HE tutors in FE Colleges

  1. 1. Plagiarism – What is all the fuss about? Dr Fiona Duggan Head of Advice and Guidance
  2. 2. Plagiarism <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it a new problem? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we address the problem? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is plagiarism? <ul><li>Theft? </li></ul><ul><li>Disease? </li></ul><ul><li>War? </li></ul><ul><li>Other? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Problem <ul><li>One in six students admit to copying from friends and one in ten confesses to looking for essays online (Shepherd,J. (2006) 1 in 6 admits to cheating. THES 16/03/06 p.1) </li></ul><ul><li>Lecturer plagiarised student’s work (Baty, P. (2004) Lecturer plagiarised student’s work. THES. 17/09/04 p6) </li></ul><ul><li>Leading academics argued that more researchers were resorting to scientific fraud because of intense competition to publish research results (McCall, B (2006) Push to publish leads to fraudTHES 24/03/06 p11) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Defining plagiarism <ul><li>Need a common understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Need consistency in application </li></ul><ul><li>Need to practice what we preach! </li></ul>
  6. 6. A new problem? <ul><li>Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther King </li></ul><ul><li>Princess Michael of Kent </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reasons <ul><li>Concept of ownership not yet developed </li></ul><ul><li>Oral tradition of sharing resources </li></ul><ul><li>Cryptomnesia </li></ul>
  8. 8. Current issues <ul><li>Increasing consumerism in attitudes towards education </li></ul><ul><li>Students adopting a more strategic approach to their studies </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse nature of student population </li></ul>
  9. 9. And <ul><li>Increased access to electronic resources </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread confusion about referencing and citation </li></ul><ul><li>Changing attitudes in popular culture e.g. sampling in music, file-sharing </li></ul>
  10. 10. And <ul><li>‘Bespoke’ essay writing services </li></ul><ul><li>Sale of student work on e-commerce sites </li></ul><ul><li>‘Contract cheating’ sites (Clarke, R & Lancaster, T (2007) Eliminating the successor to plagiarism? Identifying the usage of contract cheating sites in Duggan, F (Ed.) 2 nd International Plagiarism Conference Proceedings, Northumbria Learning Press) </li></ul>
  11. 11. HE in FE issues <ul><li>Lack of up-to-date knowledge when citing electronic resources </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of confidence when teaching academic writing </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate knowledge of cultural issues relating to plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Duggan, F. & Mazey, R (n.d.) Perceptions of plagiarism: An HE in FE case study Available at: http://www.jiscpas.ac.uk [Accessed 26/03/07] </li></ul>
  12. 12. Responses <ul><li>Use of detection software </li></ul><ul><li>Revision of institutional policies and procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Review of assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Increased guidance for students </li></ul>
  13. 13. Referencing and attribution <ul><li>An out-dated practice? </li></ul><ul><li>Isn’t everything freely available? </li></ul><ul><li>Negative associations </li></ul>
  14. 14. However <ul><li>Probably more relevant than ever in the current knowledge-based society </li></ul><ul><li>One of the building blocks of good academic practice </li></ul><ul><li>A positive action rather than a negative one </li></ul>
  15. 15. So <ul><li>Need to provide students with opportunities to practice </li></ul><ul><li>Need to provide an example in our own practice </li></ul><ul><li>Stress the positive aspects of attribution </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>“ Quite simply, those who can write well have the potential to achieve, both in their coursework and their exams. They are at an enormous advantage.” </li></ul><ul><li>Ahmad, R & McMahon, K (2006) The benefits of good writing: or why does it matter that students write well? In Davies, S. Swinburne, D & Williams, G (Eds.) Writing Matters. Royal Literary Fund </li></ul>

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