maham Nuclear medicine 2


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maham Nuclear medicine 2

  1. 1. What is Nuclear medicine? Maham
  2. 2.    Nuclear medicine uses radioactive substance to image the body and treats diseases. Nuclear medicine is a painless, cost effective technique that treat diseases. Identifies abnormalities very early in progress of a disease.
  3. 3. Benefits and drawbacks of nuclear medicine
  4. 4. benefits Nuclear medicine procedures are the safest diagnostic exam available. It is painless and cost-effective Gathers information that might be unavailable or requires on expensive and risky diagnostic test Identifies abnormalities very early in the progression of a disease The early detection of the disease allows it to be treated early Treats thyroid cancer , blood imbalance and any bony pain from a certain type of cancer
  5. 5. Drawbacks Has some side effects depending on the body part that is being examined. Some side effects that might occur include : Bleeding, soreness or swelling may occur during the injection of the radio pharmaceutical (is a substance used during the test, the substance localizes a specific body organ system and gives of energy as gamma rays). Allergic reactions.
  6. 6. The procedure performed to detect disease by using nuclear medicine.
  7. 7.    You are given a small dose of radioactive material that localize in specific body organ system. Trace is eventually collected in the organ and gives off energy called gamma rays. The gamma camera detects these rays and works with the computer to produce images and measurements of organs and tissue.
  8. 8. How nuclear medicine benefits the society  Nuclear medicine does harm the environment but not so much. Patients don’t need to spend so much money on testes to find out what wrong with them they can get a easy treatment that is painless and that is fast. Nuclear medicine doesn’t really benefits the community as in being environmental friendly but it helps the people in the society with their medical problems that are Sever and doctor didn’t have a good treatment to those problem till today so the treatment they get is better than olden days it doesn’t effect them badly, its safe for them.
  9. 9. Social,political, and ethical issues of nuclear medicine.
  10. 10.     Doesn’t really have much side effects so less harm to the body. Patients with cancer find this treatment better than others its painless. It doesn’t cost much too much depending on what part of the body is being treated. The radioactive substance that goes into the body doesn’t allow you to do certain things for a certain amount of time like being with a small kid, your not allowed to do so.
  11. 11. Canadian data on nuclear medicine     Canada has supplied more than half of the worlds nuclear reactor produce radioisotopes for nuclear medicine. About one million nuclear medicine procedures are performed in Canada annually. Nuclear medicine was formed 60 years ago. Nuclear medicine was first tested on a person in Canada 1951november 8 in Saskatchewan and other cities in Canada
  12. 12. What nuclear medicine techniques are and what its useful for?  Nuclear medicine imaging techniques:  Position emission tomography   Single photon emission computed tomography Bone scanning
  13. 13.      What nuclear medicine is useful for detecting: Tumours Aneurysms(weak spot in blood vessel walls) Irregular or inadequate blood flow to various tissues. Blood cell disorders and inadequate function of organs,such as thyroid and pulmonary function deficiencies, also can treat cancer.