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Jasmine stem cells research


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Jasmine stem cells research

  1. 1. Stem Cell Research
  2. 2. Table of Contents Background Information Benefits and drawbacks How procedure is performed Science behind this How this improves are society Social, political or ethical issues Canadian data
  3. 3. Background Information One of the cells found in the human body is a stem cell. They don't change but they can reproduce themselves, not only that but they can make brain cells, muscle cells, lung cells and more. Stem cells can be obtained in: Bone marrow Fat cells Umbilical cord blood Adult blood Olfactory nerve endings Skin cells Human embryo
  4. 4. Benefits Some of the areas that stem cells can benefit include: Parkinson's disease Type I diabetes Arthritis Burn victims Cardiovascular diseases Potential of reversing: Genetic Defects Heart Attack Parkinson’s disease Did you know? In the last 20 years, more than 20,000 patients have received umbilical cord blood transplants
  5. 5. Drawbacks Acquiring stem cells from a human embryo is immensely unsavory. You must kill the embryo to obtain the stem cell. A human embryo can also be titled as a baby in its first stage of life. Though the child is in it's first stage of life it is still terribly wrong to kill the embryo. Attaining stem cells through fatty tissue, bone marrow, or the umbilical cord after the birth of the embryo can be done decently, this way will cause no damage to the individual.
  6. 6. How is this procedure performed Embryonic stem cells from IVF embryos. Human embryonic stem cell lines can be derived from embryos created through in vitro fertilization (IVF). Usually, fertilization occurs within a woman's body, but IVF technology has made it possible to carry out fertilization and grow embryos in the laboratory. This technology has made it possible for many otherwise infertile couples to have children. In many cases, however, not all of the embryos created will be used, and the remaining embryos are frozen and stored. These embryos are potential resources for scientific research.
  7. 7. Science behind Stem Cells How stem cells are created: 1.Sperm and egg join 2.Embryo formed 3.Inner cell mass isolated 4.Single cell isolated 5.Cell introduced to growth medium 6.Cell divides, forming cell line
  8. 8. Ethical Issues Only one way to obtain stem cells from developing human embryo; killing embryo Human embryo: innocent human being in its first stage of life Morally wrong to intentionally kill an innocent human being, including embryonic stage of development. Violates religious rules (Christian, Buddhist)- violate principle that prohibits harm to living things Different religious leaders have different opinions on what's right and what's wrong. Some religions believe that human embryos are fullfledged human beings from the moment of its creation and deserves protection and respect Largest group, Roman Catholic churches as well as southern Baptists, conservative protestant churches Some religious hold “certain amount of development” is needed to recognized as a human being
  9. 9. Social Issues Better treatment give social benefits for individuals and economic gains for society Those believe can lead to progress and medical discoveries that will help us all live longer, healthier lives Possibly can cure diseases For research: (use of “spare” human embryos from IVF clinics) If IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is accepted, and unneeded embryos are disposed of anyway, why not obtain them for stem cell research? Adult stem cells hold promise, but cannot take place of human embryonic stem cells because not all adult stem cells can be found in every part of the body. In addition, adult stem cells are difficult to identify and isolate Help treat a range of medical problems (Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, heart disease, stroke)
  10. 10. Political Issues Scientist instead receive “leftovers” embryos from fertility clinics with consent from donors Federal government allocates billions of dollars each year to biomedical research Legislators have had unique challenge encouraging advances in science and medicine while preserving a respect for life Ex: George Bush limited federal funding to a study of 70 or so HES cell lines back in 2001 Tries to make both sides happy Governments around globe have passed legislation to regulate stem cell research
  11. 11. Solutions A possible solution to the stem cell controversy is that the government should put laws in order about abortion and if an embryo legally is considered a human being. As I believe if the government is involved it will put some issues to rest. Overall, this issue socially cannot be solved as people are entitled to their own opinions. I believe society should respect each others opinion on the issue have aborting embryos for stem cell research purpose.
  12. 12. Canadian Research McMaster's Stem Cell and Cancer Research Institute (SCC-RI) explores the underlying cellular and molecular origins that initiate human cancer by employing human stem cells as a model system. The Institute's impressive shared facilities are designed to help mitigate the high cost of human stem cell research that has made entry into the field almost prohibitive for investigators in Canada.Our groundbreaking research complements the efforts of other stem cell programs and centres in Canada and around the world.