Gerunds and infinitives

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How to use gerunds and infinitives in English

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Gerunds and infinitives

  1. 1. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES
  2. 2. Verbs and expressions followed by gerund COMMON VERBS LIKES AND DISLIKES IDEAS AND OPINIONS dislike, can’t stand, enjoy, hate*, like*, love*, s (not) mind, prefer* admit, consider, imagine, look forward to, recommend, suggest, mention, miss, risk, discuss,tolerate ACTIONS THAT begin*, continue*, delay, give up, start*, START, STOP stop*, finish, keep, practise, put off, spend, AND CONTINUE postpone OTHERS avoid, can’t help, deny, involve, stand
  3. 3. Go+-ing form We sometimes use go+-ing form to talk about doing sports and other activities. We usually use go+-ing where there is a verb for the activity surf-go surfing
  4. 4. Gerunds are used after prepositions eg. I’m good at painting. Gerunds are used as subject or the object of the sentence Eg. Smoking is bad for your health. My job involves doing a lot of hours.
  5. 5. Verbs and expressions followed by infinitive COMMON VERBS MENTAL STATES OR ACTIVITIY agree, choose, decide, forget*,remember *,want, wish FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS aim, arrange, expect, hope, offer, plan, prepare, promise, refuse, threaten appear, pretend, seem, tend APPEARANCE OTHER *These verbs can also be followed by attempt,can’t /can afford, ask, deserve, fail, offer, try* an –ing form with a difference in meaning
  6. 6. Verbs followed by infinitive • After verbs and expressions such as ask, learn, find out, wonder, want to know, decide, explain+ a question word who, what, how, where,etc
  7. 7. Adjectives are commonly followed by infinitives He’ll be surprised to know the news. I was disappointed to hear that you didn’t pass It isn’t easy to learn a new language
  8. 8. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive with little difference in meaning. Like, love, hate, prefer . The gerund is more common when you are talking generally, and the infinitive when you are talking about a specific occasion. I like going to the dentist. I like to go to the dentist once a year.
  9. 9. VERBS THAT CAN BE FOLLOWED BY EITHER INFINITIVE OR GERUND WITHOUT A CHANGE IN MEANING • Start eg: She started to paint/painting • Begin eg: I began doing/to do it last night. • Finish eg: She has already finished to do/doing the washing up • Continue eg: the population of poor countries continues raising/to raise • Intend eg:The school intends not opening/not to open the library next year
  10. 10. Infinitive or –ing form with different meanings VERB +-ING FORM +TO+INFINITIVE Forget /remember For an event or situation in the past I’ll never forget riding my first bike. Do you remember learning to ride? For something you should do/should have done Don’t forget to phone him. Remember to do your homework Go on Continue an activity They stopped but we went on walking Change from one action to another. After a slow start, she went on to win the race Regret Feel sorry about something you did/didn’t do I regret not studying harder at school Say sorry, particularly in formal letters We regret to inform you that you have not been called for the interview stop Finish an action Have you stopped doing your homework? Finish an action in order to do something else No, I stopped to have a glass of water Try Do something as an experiment Try turning it off and on again Attempt to do something difficult I’m not an electrician, but I’ll try to mend it.
  11. 11. Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3

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