ECAR 2011 survey:• A full-sized laptop computer is one that is designed to be portable; it usually weighs more than two pounds; the keyboard and monitor are usually attached to each other. • A lightweight netbook or tablet computer is highly portable; it usually weighs less than two pounds; its monitor is small (usually 10” or less) and the keyboard may be small and built in or the keys may be displayed in video on a touch screen. iPad is included here. • A dedicated e-book reader is a portable device whose sole function is as a platform for reading electronic books and certain other electronic publications. Examples include the Kindle, NOOK, and the like; iPad and similar tablet devices serve many other functions and so are not included here. • A handheld device is usually about the size of a cellular telephone and often includes one; it has a screen that can show e-mail messages, web pages, video, etc.; and its keyboard is a few inches across, at most. We are not interested in devices that are plain cellular phones or are music/video players only, such as certain iPods. Pew: smartphone defined as adults who either say their phone is a smartphone when asked or say their phoen runs on the Android, blackberry, iPhone, Palm, or Windows platforms.
NOTICE DATE… SEPT 2012And as of 2011, 56.24% of Americans have attended college (some college PhD): http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2011/tables.html (US Census data)
88% cell phone; EDUCAUSE doesn’t even ask undergrads whether they own a cell phone; only if smartphoneDesktop down while laptop going upSpikes in e-reader & tablets (chuckle over tablet; both Susan and I had them before they were cheap…I miss mini-me)
Over number of those attending/have attended college;Average college age ranges- high %Transition on “no statistical significance”
Want to especially focus on growth in Race/Ethnicity less than one yearWhite—15%Black & Hispanic – 5% --STILL HIGHER
Mobile Access Gap…Black & Hispanic mostly go online through mobileLower income householdsTELL STORY ABOUT MY MESA PROJECT
UGH…this begins to blow up the story I want to make about socio-economics & access…10% is still a recognizable number
HOWEVER…Students at two-year institutions differ from other undergraduates in their technology ownership and preferences. Students at associate’s colleges and other two-year programs are more likely to own stationary technologies, such as desktop computers and stationary gaming and video devices, particularly in comparison to students at doctorate-granting institutions. Students at institutions that award master’s and doctorate degrees are more likely to own portable technologies, such as laptops, iPods, webcams, thumb drives, and Wi-Fi devices. Still, there are both mobile devices (e.g., iPads) and stationary technologies (e.g., HDTVs) for which there are no significant differences among students at institutions of different Carnegie Classifications. In addition, the preference for Windows platforms is significantly higher among students attending associate’s colleges or other two-year programs than it is among those attending other institutions. Seventy four percent of students at associate’s colleges prefer Windows PCs, compared to 58 percent of all other students.
THE INTERNET OF THINGShe Internet of Things has become a sort of shorthand for network-aware smart objects that connect the physical world with the world of information. A smart object has four key attributes: it is small, and thus easy to attach to almost anything; it has a unique identifier; it has a small store of data or information; and it has a way to communicate that information to an external device on demand. The Internet of Things extends that concept by using TCP/IP as the means to convey the information, thus making objects addressable (and findable) on the Internet.
My Rant…EDUCAUSE Quarterly, March 29, 2011
LMS apps are limited to what they allow; for example, Moodle’s app only allows consumptionExcited about WordPress, multiple instancesGoogle Apps generally play well (docs/drive, calendar, etc.)…started building a site one day on my phone
Image editing, tons of apps; video editing growing
BYOD—you’ve scene what forcing a colleague or student on to a platform in a computer lab does…???Hacking—think of it as an aspect of the rhetorical context…http://blog.nielsen.com/nielsenwire/consumer/more-us-consumers-choosing-smartphones-as-apple-closes-the-gap-on-android/
http://www.educause.edu/library/resources/mobile-it-higher-education-2011-reportECAR Report: Mobile IT in Higher Education, 2011“Institutions pursuing a balanced approach to mobile development—one that includes elements from several strategies, such as mobile web, native apps, or mobile frameworks—tend to report greater progress.”Mobile frameworks: cell coverage and ubiquitouswi-fi
DO WE HAVE A CHOICE? Copyright (typical problem w/multimodal; mobile invention actually might help)Privacy & Human SubjectsFERPA (shared devices, web apps)Accessibility (hardware, software, and final compositions)
Writing on the Go: the What, Why & HowRochelle (Shelley)RodrigoCarolinas WritingProgram AdministratorsSeptember 17, 2012 CC image posted at Flickr by Chris JL
This Presentation…What IS in this What is NOT in thispresentation presentation• Ownership & usage data • Twitter hashtag to about mobile devices prompt backchannel• Reasons for discussion implementing mobile • PollEverywhere poll to learning in FYC classes promote mobile• Issues related to interaction. supporting mobile • Instant publishing and learning sharing of the activity.• Mobile learning activity • Instant sharing of the presentation
Mobile Device Ownership & Usage: What, Why & HowCC image posted at Flickr by Mike Licht, NotionsCapital.com
What are mobile devices?• full-sized laptop computer• lightweight netbook or tablet computer• dedicated e-book reader• Handheld device• cell/mobile vs. smartphone CC image posted at Flickr by andyi
Why do wecare now? Who Owns Smartphones? Source: Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, Summer Tracking Survey, August 7-September 6, 2012. N=3,014 adults ages 18 and older. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish and on landline and cell phones (1,206 cell calls were completed). Margin of error is +/- 2 percentage points.
Why do wecare now? Mobile Internet use, by demographics Source: The Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project’s August Tracking Survey conducted July 25-August 26, 2011. N=2,260 adults age 18 and older, including 916 interviews conducted by cell phone. Interviews were conducted in both English and Spanish.
Why do we care now? Smartphone ownership demographicsSource: Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project April 26-May 22, 2011 and January 20-February 19, 2012 tracking surveys. For 2011 data, n=2,277 adults ages 18 and older, including 755 interviews conducted on respondent’scell phone. For 2012 data, n=2,253 adults and survey includes 901 cell phone interviews. Both 2011 and 2012 data include Spanish-language interviews.
Why do wecare now? Source: The Pew Research Centers Internet & AmericanLife Project, April 26 – May 22, 2011 Spring Tracking Survey. n=2,277 adult internet users ages 18 and older, including 755 cell phone interviews. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish.
Which cell internet users go onlinemostly using their phones? Source: Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, March 15-April 3, 2012 Tracking survey. N=2,254 adults ages 18 and older, including 903 interviews conducted on respondent’s cell phone. Margin of error is +/-3.7 percentage points based on those who use the internet or email on their cell phone (n=929). *Represents significant difference compared withnon-starred rows in group. **Represents significant difference compared with all other rows in group.
How are they being used?2011 Horizon Report 2012 Horizon ReportTime-to-Adoption Time-to-AdoptionOne Year or Less One Year or Less• Electronic Books • Mobile Apps• Mobiles • Tablet ComputingTwo to Three Years Two to Three Years• Augmented Reality • Game-Based Learning• Game-Based Learning • Learning AnalyticsFour to Five Years Four to Five Years• Gesture-Based Computing • Gesture-Based Computing• Learning Analytics • Internet of Things
How are they being used? Source: ECAR National Study of Undergra duate Students and Informati onTechnolog y, 2010
How are they being used?*indicates statisticallysignificant differencescompared withwhites. Source: The Pew Research Centers Internet & AmericanLife Project, April 26 – May 22, 2011 Spring Tracking Survey. n=2,277 adults ages 18 and older, including 755 cell phone interviews. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish.
Mobile DeviceTeaching & Learning: What, Why & How
What is mobile learning? “Individuals have had access to ‘portable learning devices’ since the advent of the printing press; we call them books.”Mobile Teaching vs. Mobile Learning• Higher education historically has focused on instructors teaching rather than students learning, an ineffective approach that could seriously hamper the promise of mobile learning.• Successful student learning emerges from active engagement, connection to the students prior knowledge, and simulation of real world experiences — all facilitated by engaging learners senses through multimedia.• Higher education should stop thinking about these powerful mobile multimedia devices as only consumption devices — to live up to the promise of mobile learning, students should use them as production devices.
Why mobile learning?“Given students’ ownership of Studentsand preference for small, • are unconfident that theymobile devices, institutions have the technology skills toand instructors may have an meet their needs.opportunity to make more • want/need for instructorseffective use of mobile to model incorporatingtechnologies to communicate technology intowith, educate, and support teaching, learning, andstudents. Many students seem research.eager to communicate morewith their instructors online,to use their mobile devices forcoursework, and to reach outfor help when they need it.”ECAR 2011, page. 30
Why mobile learning?Source: ECAR National Study of UndergraduateStudents and Information Technology, 2011
How mobile composition?Process: Emphasis on Invention Multimodal Production CC image posted at Flickr by Nar8iv / Scott WCC image posted at Flickr by Nils Geylen
Mobile Device Support &Implementation: What, Why & How
What will students be doing?• Course/Project Management (LMS apps, WordPress, Google Apps)s• Multimodal note taking (Evernote)• Audio recording (SoundCloud & Google Voice)• Image & Video Capture & Editing
What will students be doing?Evernote• Text, audio, & images• Cross platform• Organization• Sharing/publishing
How will we support it?Instructors& WPAs• Access: BYOD• Support: Hacking• Collaboration is key!
How will we support it?CIOs & Institutions CC image posted at Flickr by Roozbeh Rokni
How will we support it?CIOs & InstitutionsAlthough…“In general, IT organizations believe they are reasonablywell prepared to meet the expected demands for mobilecomputing across the four areas of generalcommunication, instruction, administration, andresearch.”• More than 1/3, no spending on mobile-enablement• Varied staffing levels dedicated to mobile• 40% did not mobile-enable any service• More services geared towards students ECAR Report: Mobile IT in Higher Education, 2011
Why is worth the legal issues? • Copyright • Privacy & Human Subjects • FERPA • AccessibilityCC image posted at Flickr by Olivander CC image posted at Flickr by vaXzine
Mobile DeviceHands-on Activity: What, Why & How CC image posted at Flickr by caribb
The Activity… Make a multimodal object (or take multimodal notes) based on your mobile device’s functionality. Focus on one of the questions below.• iOS: make a video in Videolicious or collect data/make multimodal report in Evernote• Android: collect data/make multimodal report in Evernote What surprised Why might How might you and intrigued teaching and start discussions you about learning with about, or mobile device mobile devices implementation of, mobile ownership & by important to composition usage? your program (or classes in your not)? program?