Wonders of Russia


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Various important destinations worth visiting in Russia

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Wonders of Russia

  1. 1. Geography • World’s largest country, lies on Europe and Asia • Gigantic size and harsh climates make transportation difficult • European Russia is warmer than Asian Russia • 75% of population live in European Russia • Russia touches many inland bodies of water such as Black Sea, Caspian Sea, and Lake Baikal • Caucasus Mountains = south of European Russia
  2. 2. Ural Mountains
  3. 3. Lake Baikal
  4. 4. • Urban = • Rural = • Suburbs = • Tundra = • Taiga = • Steppes = Vocabulary
  5. 5. Moscow
  6. 6. Inside the Kremlin
  7. 7. Trans-Siberian Railroad
  8. 8. Siberia
  9. 9. Volga River
  10. 10. Mole Rats
  11. 11. Culture • Over 145 million people and over 150 different ethnic groups • Religions =Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, or Jewish • St. Petersburg has many beautiful museums and is home to the Marinsky Theatre = one of Russia’s top ballet companies
  12. 12. Russian Slavs
  13. 13. Vocabulary • Majority Culture = • Minority Cultures =
  14. 14. Culture • Russians enjoy all kinds of literature, including folktales called skazki • Russian Orthodox Church = incredibly popular and thriving even though communism tried to eliminate it • Russian Orthodoxy was responsible for a Slavic alphabet called Cyrillic • ¾ of Russian people live in cities, mostly in large apartment blocks • Russian workers are celebrated on May Day
  15. 15. Vladimir I Chose Eastern Orthodoxy
  16. 16. • • • • • Economy Russia has large deposits of coal, oil, and gas Southwestern area can produce high yields of grains Fishing industry is one of the largest in the world Forests of Siberia provide plenty of timber However, Russia’s economy is not strong due to years of communist control of farms and factories which denied people the experience of creating jobs, starting businesses, and making money
  17. 17. Economy • Siberia has the largest supply of minerals • Volga River carries almost ½ of Russia’s river traffic and provides water for irrigation and hydroelectric power
  18. 18. History • During Ad 800, Slavs built a civilization around the city of Kiev = Kievan Rus • Mongols swept in during the 1200’s and greatly reduced Kiev’s wealth and power • Russian rulers slowly expanded their power and land size = called czars, had complete and total control over the government
  19. 19. History • At the bottom of society were great masses of people called serfs = farm laborers who were attached to the land • Serfs lived hard lives and few could read and write • In late 1800’s, began to industrialize to rely more on manufacturing and less on farming
  20. 20. Czar Alexander II
  21. 21. Czar Nicholas II
  22. 22. Soviet Era • In 1917, political leaders, soldiers, and factory workers forced Czar Nicholas II to give up the throne • Vladimir Lenin led a second revolution and seized control, set up a communist government, which had strict control of the government and society • In 1922 Russian Communist leaders formed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics = U.S.S.R • Joseph Stalin took power after Lenin died, government took tighter control of country and many people suffered
  23. 23. Vladimir Lenin
  24. 24. Joseph Stalin
  25. 25. Communist Sniper
  26. 26. Soviet Era • After WWII, Stalin set up communist governments in many neighboring Eastern European countries • From late 1940’s to late 1980’s US and USSR waged a Cold War, in which both nations competed for world influence without actually fighting each other • Soviet Union included Russians and people from many other ethnic groups • In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev took power and relaxed Soviet control
  27. 27. Cold War Movies Rocky IV 13 Days
  28. 28. Mikhail Gorbachev
  29. 29. Soviet Union Dissolved • In late 1991, each of the 15 republics made up of Soviet Union declared independence and the Soviet Union dissolved
  30. 30. Berlin Wall
  31. 31. Change from Communism • Changed from communism to free enterprise immediately • Under communism everyone had jobs, workers today can lose their jobs when business is poor • Without government controls, prices have risen making it harder to buy necessities such as food, clothing • Major Environmental issues due to the old Soviet government making factories and nuclear plants that polluted the environment • Diseases have resulted from air pollution
  32. 32. Challenges of Change • Russia is a democracy today • Russian president has more power than US, can implement plans that are not passed by legislature • Facing challenges of learning how to be a democracy • Ethnic groups want to form their own country • Chechens of Chechnya want their own nation, have used terrorism to get attention, Russia has had to use force to keep them in the country
  33. 33. Finally, We are Finished