The research paper


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The research paper

  1. 1. YOUR MISSIONChoose an author, work or genre dealing specifically with British or ancient Greek or Roman literature and explore a specific question or concern.
  2. 2. FORMAT• MLA or APA style• Typed or word-processed• 12 pt. Times New Roman font• Follow the remainder of the guidelines already set out for you for a typewritten paper.
  3. 3. YOU MUST INCLUDE… Outline 2,000 to 3500 words Underlined Thesis Works Cited Page Abstract (APA only)
  4. 4. WORKS CITED PAGEAt least 6 (six) academic sources besides encyclopediasprimary and secondary sourcesAny Internet sources not available through PowerLibrary must be approved prior to use.All entries must be utilized and cited within your paper.
  5. 5. This research paper is weighed as a large portion of your final exam, which is 1/5 ofyour overall grade for the year.
  6. 6. A RESEARCH PAPER ISNOT… A Book report A Biography A Comparison YOUR (the writer’s) opinion Derived from one source
  7. 7. A RESEARCH PAPERMUST…  Summarize information gleaned not just from one source, but from a series of sources  Include both primary sources and secondary sources.  Primary sources - firsthand material, novels, interviews, & letters  Secondary sources - works about someone  Merge the information from the various sources into one smooth coherent product.
  8. 8. CHOOSING A SUBJECTTeacher assigned vs. Student choiceMust be large enough to fill the assigned size and small enough to be covered in that spacevariety of sourcesCome up with a general subject you like first, find info, then narrow it to something manageableDetermine your thesis.
  9. 9. COMING UP WITH A THESIS A Thesis is the statement you are going to prove in your paper Do preliminary research Come up with a question (“Shakespeare” is not a thesis) Do some research to answer that questionYOUR THESIS WILL BE THE ANSWER TO THE QUESTION
  10. 10. THESIS=TOPIC + ASSERTION More research for ANSWER to Question Question about topic Preliminary Research on TOPIC
  11. 11. EXAMPLEResearching you find that some scholars believe thatChristopher Marlowe wrote the plays of Shakespeare. QUESTION: Did someone else write Shakespeare’s plays? MORE RESEARCH ANSWER (THESIS) Christopher Marlowe wrote many of the plays attributed to Shakespeare.
  12. 12. THE “SO WHAT? WHOCARES?” TEST Will anybody care about your thesis?  NOBODY wants to read about something they already know. Examples of thesis that fails the test: “Shakespeare is considered one of the greatest writers in British history.” “Greek Mythology has had a great impact on literature.”
  13. 13. YOU MUST HAVE YOUR THESIS SELECTED BY DECEMBER 2ND.You will post your complete thesisstatement on the proper forum in theclass blackboard site.
  14. 14. WHERE TO GO FOR MORE HELP OWL (Online Writing Lab)- /workshops/hypertext/Resea rchW/index.html  An online tutorial that takes the reader through the research paper process.
  15. 15. ALL WEBSITES ARE NOT CREATED EQUAL…BE SELECTIVE!•When was it last updated? •Information needs to be current and up-to- date•Is bias obvious? •For a persuasive argument you may want bias, but in many research applications it is unwanted.
  16. 16. CONSIDER THE SOURCEWell-designed web sites .com .orgwill allow you find the .netauthors. .gov .edu .jp Check the top level domain of the sites .tv .ca URL. Look for a tilde (~) as part of the URL
  17. 17. MAKE SURE YOU ARE IN THE RIGHTPLACE. Not everything is on the web. copyright, cost, and demand issues keep many things off. Very little is available written before 1980.
  18. 18. WHEN IN DOUBT, DOUBT! Almost anyone can put up almost anything on the Web for almost any purpose. Try to differentiate FACT from OPINION. Look for AMBIGUITY and MANIPULATIVE REASONING and BIAS. TEST one source against another.
  19. 19. KNOW WHAT’S HAPPENING Tryto identify the reason the web page was created in the first place. Does the site have a particular BIAS? Is the main purpose is to INFORM, to PERSUADE, or to SELL you something? What is NOT being said?
  20. 20. LOOK AT DETAILS. Check for the obvious things, such as good grammar and correct spelling. Note the depth of the material presented. Look for the date the page was last revised.
  21. 21. THE WEB IS NOT A CATCH-ALL FORINFORMATION! Do not overlook available print materials Don’t waste exorbitant amounts of time looking for an on-line resource when it can be more easily found in a local database or print source. Quality NOT quantity in web sites and resources. Use a wide variety of search engines, tools, and strategies to optimize your search time.
  22. 22. WORK CITED CARDS Number your 1 WC cardsShakespeare, William. Macbeth. The Put the Riverside Shakespeare. information on this set of cards Boston: Houghton, EXACTLY as 1974. you will put it on the Works Cited page
  23. 23. NOTE CARDSTopic or heading under which thisinformation will go Work Cited card number 1Blood Page number of p. 1327 book you found “I am in blood/Stepp’d in so far that, info in should I wade no more,/Returning were as tedious as go o’re.” One Piece of (Macbeth saying he’s already too information guilty to stop committing crimes.) per card
  24. 24. Microsoft OneNote EVERNOTE  Pros  Pros  very versatile if you own the  FREE! program  Can be used from any  Works in conjunction with computer with internet Office Live, thus it is access accessible from anywhere  You don’t need to download  Cons software to use basic features  Not Cheap  Notes are accessible from  Not all versions of MS Office smart phones come with OneNote  Cons  Isn’t as versatile as the pay version of MS OneNote
  25. 25. If you wish to use EVERNOTE rather than index cards, you may.Create a notebook specifically for this class and share it with Mr. Lane (
  26. 26.  BIB Notes Put down the bibliography / works cited information EXACTLY as you will on you Works Cited page at the end of your Must be in either MLA or APA format, dependent on which you are using for your paper. Title each card with “Bib #” Tags are optional
  27. 27. NOTEY Notes  Put info in notes as you would for an index card  Include page number if a physical book  Include URL if a web source (should be done automatically)  Tag with a topic (or topics if you wish)  Tag with the number of the bib note it came from.
  28. 28. OUTLINEInclude Thesis statement at top.Major topics headed with Roman NumeralsSecondary topics headed with capital Arabic letters“A” requires “B”“A” & “B” must be closely related
  29. 29. OUTLININGPurpose: to explain how to do an outline before creating a speechI. Introduction III. Form A. What is an outline? A. Divisions B. Why is it needed? 1. Roman Numerals for 1. Road map example main topics 2. Capital letters for sub 2. Skeleton example topicsII. Parts of an outline 3. Numbers for next level A. Title of sub topic B. “A” requires “B” B. Purpose C. Closely related C.Main Topics D.Sub Topics
  30. 30. QUOTATIONSQuote only words, phrases, lines, and passages that are particularly interesting, vivid, unusual, or apt.Keep all quotations as brief as possible.Over quotation can bore your readers.RULE OF THUMB—No more than Twenty Percent of your paper should be direct quotes
  31. 31. PROSE QUOTESIf a prose quotation runs no more than four typed lines and requires no special emphasis, put it in quotation marks and incorporate it in the text.  “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times” wrote Charles Dickens of the eighteenth century in the book A Tale of Two Cities (1).Sometimes you may want to quote just a word or phrase as part of your sentence.  For Charles Dickens the eighteenth century was both “the best of times” and “the worst of times” (Dickens 1).
  32. 32. PARAPHRASINGParaphrase a quote to: Shorten the length Simplify the languageYOU MUST STILL CITE A PARAPHRASED SECTION OF YOUR PAPER!!!
  33. 33. MLA IN-TEXT CITATIONSIn parenthesis ()Usually the author’s last name and page number, but not alwaysNo CommaIt’s part of the sentence so it goes inside the end punctuation (Dickens 123).