The Age of Enlightenment<br />The Restoration and the 18th Century<br />
The Restoration<br />Monarchy restored, but power weakened- Britain becomes more democratic <br />King rules by the consen...
The <br />Enlightenment<br />Great advances in the Sciences<br />Celebrated the scientific method– believed Mancould perfe...
ORDER<br />
Neo-Classicism<br />Emulated Classic styles<br />Frequent references to classics (myths, gods, and heroes)<br />Tried to l...
Three Periods<br />Age of Dryden<br />Named for John Dryden<br />Celebrates Human Achievement<br />Age of Pope and Swift<b...
John Dryden<br />The most accomplished poet of the period<br />Made prose acceptable to literary circles, and helped estab...
John Dryden<br />His work was a response to the excesses and political upheaval of the restoration.<br />Praised the virtu...
ODE<br />A single, unified strain of exalted lyrical verse<br />Deals with ONE theme and praises its value/virtues<br />El...
Daniel Defoe<br />Born into a working class family<br />Considered the ministry but instead decided on becoming a crappy b...
Daniel Defoe<br />Wrote two very popular novels (a new form at the time)<br />Robinson Crusoe andMoll Flanders (both purpo...
Jonathan Swift<br />Was born in Dublin, Ireland<br />Was a minister in the Church of England<br />His satirical works ruin...
Jonathan Swift<br />Wrote “A Modest Proposal” which championed the Irish cause<br />His greatest work, Gulliver’s Travels ...
Satire<br />A work that blends humor and wit for the improvement of human institutions or humanity<br />Satire is not inte...
Alexander Pope<br />The first English poet to support himself solely by his writing<br />Being Catholic prevented him from...
Alexander Pope<br />Very frail in health- was less than five feet tall.  Was a sharp wit and was a sought after guest<br /...
Heroic Couplets<br />Iambic Pentameter in rhymed pairs<br />Became a fixed for with Pope and dominated English verse for d...
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The enlightenment

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The enlightenment

  1. 1. The Age of Enlightenment<br />The Restoration and the 18th Century<br />
  2. 2. The Restoration<br />Monarchy restored, but power weakened- Britain becomes more democratic <br />King rules by the consent of the people<br />Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution<br />
  3. 3. The <br />Enlightenment<br />Great advances in the Sciences<br />Celebrated the scientific method– believed Mancould perfect himself and society<br />Literature of the time very orderly and formed (rhymed couplets, etc.)<br />
  4. 4. ORDER<br />
  5. 5. Neo-Classicism<br />Emulated Classic styles<br />Frequent references to classics (myths, gods, and heroes)<br />Tried to look at the world objectively <br />Use of Aphorisms(one liners—the equivalent of the “sound byte”)<br />Very fond of Satire<br />
  6. 6. Three Periods<br />Age of Dryden<br />Named for John Dryden<br />Celebrates Human Achievement<br />Age of Pope and Swift<br />Heavy Neoclassic style characterized by Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift<br />Age of Johnson<br />Beginningsof a shift toward Romanticism<br />
  7. 7. John Dryden<br />The most accomplished poet of the period<br />Made prose acceptable to literary circles, and helped establish writing as a legitimate career<br />clear and concise and became the standard against which all other English writers were measured.<br />
  8. 8. John Dryden<br />His work was a response to the excesses and political upheaval of the restoration.<br />Praised the virtues of order, balance & harmony<br />Poet laureate in 1668<br />
  9. 9. ODE<br />A single, unified strain of exalted lyrical verse<br />Deals with ONE theme and praises its value/virtues<br />Elaborate, dignified and imaginative<br />
  10. 10. Daniel Defoe<br />Born into a working class family<br />Considered the ministry but instead decided on becoming a crappy businessman<br />Didn’t start writing the novels that made him famous until into his sixties<br />Was pilloried for political writing<br />
  11. 11. Daniel Defoe<br />Wrote two very popular novels (a new form at the time)<br />Robinson Crusoe andMoll Flanders (both purported to be nonfiction)<br />Crusoestarted a genre<br />Also wrote a non fiction (kinda) account—Journal of the Plague Year<br />
  12. 12. Jonathan Swift<br />Was born in Dublin, Ireland<br />Was a minister in the Church of England<br />His satirical works ruined his chances to advance in the church<br />Still remained a staunch supporter of the Anglican faith<br />Held a great amount of political power in later years- wrote political pamphlets for the government<br />
  13. 13. Jonathan Swift<br />Wrote “A Modest Proposal” which championed the Irish cause<br />His greatest work, Gulliver’s Travels is considered one of the greatest satires in British literature.<br />
  14. 14. Satire<br />A work that blends humor and wit for the improvement of human institutions or humanity<br />Satire is not intended to “tear down” as much as to “inspire remodeling”<br />Does not attack an individual- it will “pass over a single foe to charge whole armies.”<br />Satire is subtle enough that the reader must make the inference to what or who is being mocked<br />
  15. 15. Alexander Pope<br />The first English poet to support himself solely by his writing<br />Being Catholic prevented him from holding public office or getting a wealthy patron<br />First major work was An Essay on Criticism, which brought him to the attention of the leading literary figures of the time.<br />
  16. 16. Alexander Pope<br />Very frail in health- was less than five feet tall. Was a sharp wit and was a sought after guest<br />A brilliant satirist-one of his best know works is “The Rape of the Lock,” one of the greatest Mock Epics in English<br />
  17. 17. Heroic Couplets<br />Iambic Pentameter in rhymed pairs<br />Became a fixed for with Pope and dominated English verse for decades<br />

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