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Shakespeare

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Shakespeare

  1. 1. William Shakespeare What EVERYONE should know about The Bard of Avon
  2. 2. “ He was not of an age, but for all time” Ben Jonson <ul><li>Understanding of people </li></ul><ul><li>Skill with words </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of drama </li></ul>
  3. 3. Personal Life <ul><li>Born April 23 rd , 1564 in Stratford-Upon-Avon </li></ul><ul><li>Father was shopkeeper and “mayor” of town </li></ul><ul><li>Attended free grammar school until 15 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read mythology and classics (it was the Renaissance you know). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Married to Ann Hathaway (8 years older) </li></ul><ul><li>3 children (Susanna, Hamnet & Judith) </li></ul><ul><li>Lived most of his life in London </li></ul>Shakespeare’s birthplace at Stratford-On-Avon
  4. 4. Writer and Actor <ul><li>Successful actor in London </li></ul><ul><li>Leading poet </li></ul><ul><li>Member of a reparatory group – The Chamberlain’s Men </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote 36-37 plays, 154 poems </li></ul><ul><li>Retired to Stratford </li></ul><ul><li>Died on his birthday 1616 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Shakespeare’s Poetry <ul><li>Credited with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>154 Sonnets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 long poems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>124 songs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Always worked within established modes. </li></ul><ul><li>He treated the usual themes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The beauty of his lady & his love for her </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His assurance of immortality for her through his verses. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Shakespeare’s Poetry <ul><li>The excellence of his poems lies not in what is said, but in how it is said. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of his sonnets are direct at and dedicated to a young man called W.H. </li></ul><ul><li>Others are direct to the &quot;Dark Lady&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Songs were written for plays. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Was Shakespeare a Thief? <ul><li>Most plays based on historical events or OTHER plays. </li></ul><ul><li>No COPYRIGHT laws in those days </li></ul><ul><li>Took ordinary stories and made them EXTRAORDINARY </li></ul>
  8. 8. Shakespeare's Contribution to the English Language <ul><li>Common sayings: </li></ul><ul><li>catching a cold </li></ul><ul><li>disgraceful conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Elbow room </li></ul><ul><li>fair play </li></ul>Words : <ul><li>assassination </li></ul><ul><li>barefaced </li></ul><ul><li>bumps </li></ul><ul><li>countless </li></ul><ul><li>critical </li></ul><ul><li>dwindle </li></ul><ul><li>exposure </li></ul><ul><li>gloomy </li></ul><ul><li>monumental </li></ul><ul><li>suspicious </li></ul>
  9. 9. Actors need the following… <ul><li>Fencing </li></ul><ul><li>Tumbling </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing </li></ul><ul><li>Elocution (speaking) </li></ul><ul><li>Acting (duh!) </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul>Shakespeare probably made more money as an ACTOR and PRODUCER than as a PLAYWRIGHT. Hamlet sees his father’s ghost
  10. 10. Repertory Theater <ul><li>A theater that puts on a variety of different shows rather than one show continuously </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents the audience from getting bored and keeps them coming to YOUR theater </li></ul><ul><li>Helped stifle MEMORIZERS who would come to performances and steal your show. </li></ul>Actor Jon Finch as Macbeth
  11. 11. Outside View <ul><li>Weren’t allowed to advertise. </li></ul><ul><li>Used Flags to above building to tell of impending play. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black=Tragedy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White =Comedy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red=History </li></ul></ul>This is a recreation of the Globe Theatre located in Odessa, Texas.
  12. 12. Front of Theatre- The point where the audience would enter.
  13. 13. London’s Globe – This recreation is in London, England near the location of the original.
  14. 14. Groundlings’ Area- Standing room only! The commoners would gather on the floor of the theater for performances.
  15. 15. The Balconies- Royalty and the rich would have a seated view above the commoners. Notice that the theater is open air, exposing the actors and the groundlings to the elements.
  16. 16. A Show lasted about 2 ½ hours <ul><li>Always in the afternoon </li></ul><ul><li>No “acts” but frequent intermissions </li></ul><ul><li>No Scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of effects (trap doors, winches, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>No Actresses </li></ul><ul><li>No “programs” </li></ul>

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